Presidents During The Progressive Era Essay

3455 words - 14 pages

During the Progressive Era, the presidents adopted a bombastic, aggressive, imperialistic policy when they had power, and didn't when they didn't have power. The presidents had power in the Western Hemisphere, so they were able to adopt an aggressive policy, but in the Far East and Europe, they did not have as much influence, so they were inclined to be more cautious. Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, and Woodrow Wilson adopted the aggressive policy when they could and adopted the defensive policy in areas where the United States had little or no power.Theodore Roosevelt is said to have two foreign policies. One policy was in Latin America and the Caribbean, where he was aggressive, bombastic, and imperialistic because the United States dominated the Western Hemisphere. The other policy was in Asia and Europe, where he was cautious and defensive because he had no power there. Roosevelt's Far East policy mainly dealt with China. In the 1890s, John Hay introduced a policy known as the Open Door policy, whose purpose was to protect the territorial integrity of China. After the annexation of the Philippines, American business prospered. Therefore they looked even further east, and found China, which with its population of 400 million would provide even more customers for American products. However, at this time China was extremely weak and could not resist, so other countries already had their own spheres of influence in China. The Americans were too late to acquire their own sphere of influence, because most of China had already been divided by foreign countries. So to get rid of these spheres of influence and to allow the Americans to trade in China, Hay wrote the first Open Door note. This note stated that no country had the right to restrict trading opportunities of another, and so asserted that the United States had the right to sell their products in China. Basically, this was asking the Europeans to nullify their spheres of influence. So as to not seem like bullies, the Europeans agreed that it was a good idea, but not practical. Hay took these positive comments and announced to the world that the Europeans had agreed to the Open Door policy. At the same time, young Chinese with a desire to purge China of foreigners known as Boxers began to rise up. They killed many foreigners, and the climax of this was when they surrounded the diplomatic embassies and threatened to kill anyone who lived within. An international army of about 18,000 was formed and sent to Peking, where the Boxers were defeated. After this event, the Europeans were furious so they called a meeting to deal with the issue. They decided to divide China among themselves, so that it would cease to exist. The United States feared this because if China was no more, then American trading opportunities would go down. Therefore Hay wrote the second Open Door note, which stated that the United States would seek to protect the territorial integrity of China. There would only be one...

Find Another Essay On Presidents during the Progressive Era

The Progressive Era Essay

742 words - 3 pages disgusting it was, a famous quote of his was "I aimed for the peoples hearts and I hit them right in the stomach", making reference to how gross the book really was. Teddy Roosevelt was a very strong influence during the progressive era; He used his power a president to get what he wanted as a progressive. He helped things like the pure food and drug act pass, and used the Sherman Antitrust act to dissolve Carnegie's Monopoly. He was a

The Progressive Era Essay

1087 words - 4 pages The Progressive era was society¡¯s response to industrialization and it¡¯s by-products, by-products meaning urbanization, urban growth, corporate power, labor safety, widening class divisions, and humanitarian themes for immigrants and laborers. Unlike most movements this era wasn¡¯t brought upon by political parties but by the people. People formed private groups such as the American League for Civic Improvement

The Progressive Era

1273 words - 5 pages should continue being second class citizens, restricted from any participation in political life. African Americans were determine to become equals they started by creating a national organization. They formed the National Association for the Advancement of colored people (NAACP). They used education and lawsuits to advance its cause, they won the brown v. board of education a desegregation case forty years later. During the progressive era

The Progressive Era

1683 words - 7 pages During the Progressive Era, our country was going through many changes and those changes have had numerous effects that are still apparent today. Theodore Roosevelt and Randolph Bourne both had very differing opinions about how citizens should be seen by themselves and their governments. The main difference between Roosevelt’s and Bourne’s theories on citizenship is the amount of domination and empowerment that was posed to the people. Roosevelt


723 words - 3 pages , etc. for special treatment. Americans desperately waited in disappointment for the change they needed. Muckrakers were those that felt it necessary to expose and change the corruption in US cities. Seeing how the Industrial Revolution, city growth and immigration contributed to corruption gave rise to a new progressive era, in which Robert Lofollete began at the state level, and muckrakers such as Upton Sinclair and Jane Adams took a further

The Progressive Era: Conflicting Viewpoints

1703 words - 7 pages mentality of the reformers from their writings, some of which Hofstadter characterizes as bad fiction. While such literature can be very illuminating as to the mindsets of the people at the time, Hofstadter relies far too much on such individual examples of literature to back up his arguments. For the amount of literature, fictional or otherwise, produced during the Progressive Era, Hofstadter was extremely selective about which he presented in The

Women in the Progressive Era

2082 words - 8 pages , politics and politicians were seen as a big part of the problem, not the solution, therefore, Progressives seen that the future for a new America ultimately depended on changing the government and politics. Women acted through several various organizations during the Progressive Era, such as the Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA), the National Consumers’ League (NCL), Women’s Trade Union League (WTUL), and other various trade unions

Women in the Progressive Era

661 words - 3 pages able to cater to the individual rather than the masses. By the end of the Civil War, both groups were suffering to gain support, and needed an effective way to regain the movement’s attention. Change was needed, and this came in the form of collaboration. The woman in the progressive era were very different from those in any other time period in American history. Due to industrialization, women no longer needed to be homemakers, women could finally

The Industrial and Progressive Era

1810 words - 7 pages through the suffocation of the greed and power of the railroad owners and the factory owners to improve their position in society during the Industrial Revolution. As the Progressive Era became a time of equal rights and better conditions, farmers and workers had already established their place in society and became protected by the government since they were two very important elements in the American economy.The motto of the ancient world until

“The Progressive Era and the Occupy Movement”

1777 words - 7 pages spotlight for the first time since the end of the Civil War – attempts to outlaw the sale of alcohol, improve working conditions, and extend voting rights to women were all addressed by the government and the public (“The Progressive Era”). Many of these issues were actually permanently resolved during the Progressive Era: women obtained wage laws, public health programs, social welfare measures, and the rights to vote and shape public policy

The Progressive Era - Liberal or Conservative

1804 words - 7 pages regain the power that they once had, that it wasn't to curb special interests and make reform, that it wasn't for the general good, but for personal gain. Whichever it was, whether the Progressive Movement was liberal or conservative, no one will ever know. There's always going to be reasons that support both. All one can conclude from this is that during the Progressive Era, many reforms were made that helped this nation get to where it is today. Yes, maybe the reasons behind those reforms were immoral ones, but still they did indeed help this nation.

Similar Essays

Presidents Of The Progressive Era Essay

829 words - 4 pages The progressive era was a period of social activism and political reform in the United States. The political climate was ripe for reform and America was seeking leaders who could provide a new, more beneficial direction. Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson were two of the most renowned presidents of this era. One kindred goal of both of these presidents was to monitor and rectify large trust and monopolies in the U.S. Despite the fact that

Reform During The Progressive Era Essay

662 words - 3 pages Through the years reformers tried to fix social issues and government corruption. Some progressive era reforms in 1900-1920 were ineffective. However, fighting against unfair treatment, trust busting, and changes in government led to the success for reform movements. Therefore reform movements of their time had some limitations but overall led to success. Some reforms started with ending unfair treatment in society. In Spirit of Youth and the

Compare And Contrast The Presidents Theodore Roosevelt And Woodrow Wilson During The Progressive Reform. Who Was The Better President?

1068 words - 4 pages At the turn of the 19th century a new political party rose and that whole era was named the Progressive Era. This party based its decision on what is right for the people and not big businesses in the economic world. Two major leaders and Presidents of the United States, of this time were Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson. Though both men contributed so much while in office, which one had the greater impact? Even though their achievements

The Most Progressive Presidents Essay

1035 words - 4 pages Most Progressive Presidents Progressives used the ideals of democracy, efficiency, regulation, and social justice to try to create a better world than the one that they found themselves living in. It was thought of as the tool by which America could achieve positive change and solve problems. Roosevelt: Roosevelt’s mail goal was to uphold and maintain the framer’s government of the people, by the people, and for the people. (Bull