I. Franklin D. Roosevelt (1932-1933)
He is the United States 32nd president and was known by the initials FDR. He is recorded to be the most cosmopolitan individual American to have entered the white house and the only president to have served for more than two terms. According to the Siena Research Institute survey conducted a year after taking office by a new president, Franklin D. Roosevelt for the last five surveys (1982, 1990, 1994, 2002, and 2010) has been ranked as the top chief executive of all the times that the United States has ever had (Sienna Research Institute 2)
Dallek Robert in his book “Franklin D. Roosevelt and American Foreign Policy” refers to Roosevelt as the American internationalist (21). He knew what the nation needed first and thus unemployment, financial and business collapse, and starvation made the foreign relations to become a secondary concern for his administration. During his inauguration, he is reported to have said that, “the international trade relations, even though very vital, are in the point of necessity and time secondary to the process of establishing a sound economy.” (Dallek 23).
He is credited to have headed the United States in a time of world war and economic crises. The first priority for his administration was the domestic affairs and thus he managed to restore hope that the governmental machinery and economy of America could work. At the beginning of his administration, Roosevelt initiated major legislation and executive orders that provide form to the brand deal- interlocking and complex programs designed to give relief and reform. The economy is reported to have increasing improved between the years 1933 and 1937. He remained neutral during the world war 11 in the year 1938 despite giving strong financial and diplomatic support to Britain and China. During his presidency, Roosevelt supervised the process of mobilization of the United States economy and unemployment reduced to as small as 2% and the relief programs ended largely.
The improvement of the economy, eradication of unemployment and carrying the United States economy at a time when there was a crisis are important factors that have granted Franklin D. Roosevelt the number one position in the last 5 studies conducted. He was an American internationalist and a leader who placed the American people as the first priority. This earns him the position that he is placed in this paper.
II. Theodore Roosevelt (1901)
He was the vice-president of the United States for a period of less than a year and after the assassination of the then president McKinley, He succeeded to hold the office, and was elected to be a full president in the year 1904. In the year 1902, Roosevelt succeeded in his initiative to open the international arbitration court based at The Hague. He also played a vital part in the extension of the use of the arbitration to the international problems especially in the western hemisphere, thus concluding several treaties with...