Why is violence more prevalent among young people?
According to Wilson, Lipsey, &, Derson, (2003, pp. 49-139) “Youth violence refers to the intentional use of physical force or power by youth against another person or group that is likely to result in injury or death.” Violence is one of the key causes of death amongst the youth. While violence can be both fatal and non-fatal, it is the most prevalent way that the youth use to show disagreement, difference of opinion or solve problems. In America alone, violence amongst the youth is the number one cause of premature death, and the main cause of injury. Additionally, violence is amongst the main causes of disability. Additionally, in most developed countries, gun related violence has become the most common cause of fatalities. While the youths are considered violent because of drug abuse, there are many causes of violence. (Hawkins, Farrington, &, Catalano, 1998, pp. 188–216). This paper seeks to explain violence, causes of violence as well as the prevalence of violence amongst the youth
Causes of violence
While violence is increasingly considered as a social problem, it is mainly a way by which the youths externalize their psychological turmoil. For example, teens who are mentally, emotionally, and physically unstable see violence as the only way to solve problems. All social and psychological problems come into play whenever the youth become violent. For example, America registered the highest number of violent crimes because six out of every 1000 youths between the ages 10-17 were involved in violence (Childstats.gov, 2013). Additionally, 154,000 violent crimes involved the youth. Compared to the year 1993, this indicates that violence amongst the youth increased by 2%. Over the last five years, the number of serious crimes involving juveniles has increased from 19% to 27%. Additionally, in close to 60% of the violent crimes in the US, at least two of the criminals were juvenile offenders (Childstats.gov, 2013.)
Main risk factors for youth violence
There are many risk factors to youth violence. For example, there are individual or personal factors, there are also social factors as well as social economic factors as well as political factors that can cause and contribute to the alarming rate of youth violence (Wilson, Lipsey, &, Derson, 2003, pp. 49-139).
Individual or personal factors include a range of personality and behavioral factors. For example, there are children who are hyperactive, while some are impulsive. The impulsive children are likely to become violent in their youth. Finally, there are attention-seeking behaviors that can result into fatal injury.
There are youths who come from families with histories of aggressive behaviors, and in most cases they belong to broken families or single parent families. These youth learn violence from their parents, and believe that violence is the only way to solve problems.