Preventing Childhood Obesity Through School Based Interventions

2449 words - 10 pages

Utter et al. (2011) evaluated the effectiveness of a youth-led school-based intervention aimed to reduce and prevent childhood obesity. Students were recruited from elementary schools in South Auckland, New Zealand that agreed to participate in the Living for Life study. The study consisted of 3881 children who were randomly assigned to the intervention or the comparison group based on the school they attended. Six schools participated in the study, four intervention and two observation schools. Parental consent and child assent were signed before participation in the intervention began.
In 2005, baseline data were collected for all students in the study. The intervention was conducted from 2006 to 2008. At the end of 2008, follow up measurements were taken. All students in the intervention were ages nine through 13 but only student’s ages 11-13 were used at the follow up assessment due to previous exposure to the program. The intervention was designed and implemented by the School Student Health Council. To oversee The Student Health Council an intervention coordinator was employed to facilitate the program. The intervention provided students with the opportunity to create physical fitness activities, build quality relationships, and develop a strength-training program for other students.
All participants completed a self reported nutrition and physical activity survey questionnaire pre and post intervention. Students had BMI, BMI z-score, weight and body fat percentage recorded for anthropometric measures pre and post intervention. The participants also were evaluated using the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory.
Using the repeated measures ANOVA, the authors reported no statistically significant effects in anthropometric measures for the students in the intervention and control groups (p>0.05 for both). There were no statistically significant intervention effects on the quality of life measures or behavioral outcomes (p>0.05 for both).
Utter et al. (2011) believed that the youth-led intervention had a positive result on students’ perceptions and behaviors even though it did not show a decrease in body size. The authors also concluded a main limit to the study was that 60% of the students in the intervention were overweight or obese and therefore it was possible the intervention was not suitable for those children. Utter et al. (2011) proposed using younger children in the intervention could be more effective.
Kain et al. (2004) investigated the impact of an obesity prevention program focused on improving adiposity and increasing physical fitness levels in children. Participants were recruited from five schools in three Chilean cities. In order for the schools to be eligible for participation they must have been a primary level public school, have students who have a full-day schedule, low socioeconomic status and no previous participation in health promotion programs. The study consisted of 2375 children who...

Find Another Essay On Preventing childhood obesity through school based interventions

Healthy School Lunches Will Reduce Childhood Obesity

1076 words - 4 pages capabilities, and minimize childhood obesity. Healthy school lunches would help students academically. There is not a teacher who would want their students to be distracted. Often when children are hungry, because of a light lunch, or a lunch full of simple carbohydrates, they will become distracted. If schools serve lunches with whole grains and protein, the students would stay full and attentive much longer than a student with a lunch of sugar

Intervention for the Childhood Obesity Epidemic - Professional School Counseling - Research Paper

3740 words - 15 pages better when recalling items related to food and drink. Thus, it can be said that deficits in working memory partly explains for the poor academic performance levels of obese children. Childhood Obesity Interventions: Family-based VS School-based Despite the growing number of studies striving to tackle the childhood obesity epidemic, the treatment of childhood obesity remains to be a very challenging and complex one (Kothandan, 2014). Family-based

A psychology abstract on the article "Thinning Down School Food." Talks about increasing childhood obesity, and what schools need to do to change it

576 words - 2 pages Thinning Down School FoodMany cafeteria workers across the United States do not believe children standing in their own lunch lines don't suffer from obesity. "Obesity? Not in my school." A study that was recently done in Pennsylvania shows that many cafeteria personnel don't think school meals are a factor of obesity in children.Claudia Probart, a TK at Penn State University, says that those personnel tested believed there was a childhood

Schools should implement programs tailored to prevent childhood obesity. Australian Bureau of Statistics. (2010).Measures of Australia’s Progres

1267 words - 6 pages Life Course of Severe Obesity: Does Childhood Overweight Matter?” Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences 58 (2003): S110-S119. Summerbell CD, Waters E, Edmunds L, Kelly SAM, Brown T & Campbell KJ 2005. Interventions for preventing obesity in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005(3):Art. No.: CD001871. Guo SS, Wu W, Chumlea WC & Roche AF 2002. Predicting overweight and obesity in

Preventing Obesity Within Schools

1759 words - 7 pages argued that there is no current consensus about what role government, parents, society and teachers currently play in addressing and preventing obesity. This essay seeks to address the benefits of physical activity in middle childhood, and the strategies teachers can implement in promoting self-awareness in healthy lifestyle choices. Middle childhood, for many children, is a time where skills learned from earlier experiences are refined and

Obesity Among Our Children

2161 words - 9 pages prevention is "With regard to obesity, primary prevention represents avoiding the occurrence of obesity in a population; secondary prevention represents early detection of obesity through screening with the purpose of limiting its occurrence; and tertiary prevention involves preventing the sequelae of obesity in childhood and adulthood." Such as parents who play a role in treating and preventing childhood obesity. Schools can play a role in the

Healthy Living Interventions

1875 words - 8 pages provide evidence based care to treating and preventing obesity (Taylor, Lillis, LeMone, & Lynn, 2008). Nurses may also use their scientific skills, as obesity prevention and active living promotion can be a sub-specialty of nursing and this area is ripe for research. Study Assumptions The proposed study relies on 5 major assumptions. The first of these is that obesity can be treated through nursing and public health interventions. Numerous

The Best Solution To Youth Obesity

1268 words - 5 pages , it doesn't mean people will order them, or if they do that they will lose weight” (Mantel, 2010, Preventing obesity). Another problem that parents could influence is how their local school feeds their children. “Research shows that nearly one-fifth of all elementary schools, one-third of middle schools, and half of all high schools have a school store, canteen or snack bar where students can buy snacks and drinks. Vending machines are even more

The Examination of the Importance of Healthy Eating and Physical Activities in Raleigh, NC Schools

1017 words - 5 pages assess the effectiveness of the CHANGE! Intervention on measures of body size, PA and food intake (Fairclough et al, 2013). This literature by various professionals provides a comprehensive understanding of the implementation of programs in schools and how it was “designed to promote healthy weight in primary school children through a teacher-delivered curriculum-based intervention with family contribution, attentive on physical activity and dietary

Personal Responsibility And Obesity

2651 words - 11 pages , to be optimally effective, efforts must not be limited to individual behavioral change (Preventing Overweight and Obesity, galegroup.com). Another reason for childhood obesity is your local school cafeterias. The Associated Press explains “As part of a two-year experiment, five Philadelphia elementary schools replaced sodas with fruit juice, scaled back snacks, banished candy, handed out raffle tickets for wise food choices, and spent hours

Overview of Childhood Obesity

2169 words - 9 pages Childhood Obesity Statement of Problem Childhood and adolescent obesity is a problem of significant concern. Whether obese or at risk, excessive fat is based on the ratio of weight to height, age, and gender of the individual (Ul-Haq, Mackay, Fenwick, & Pell, 2013). Today’s youth are considered the most inactive generation in history thus, childhood and adolescent obesity is more prevalent than ever before. The Centers for Disease Control

Similar Essays

Preventing Childhood Obesity In Australia Essay

1104 words - 4 pages Childhood obesity is becoming more prevalent in the western world as statistics show that in Australia, one quarter of children are either overweight or obese. (Australian Bureau of statistics) Teachers have a role and opportunity to be an influence on students. They can train and develop good eating habits as well as encourage physical activity. The age 2-6 will be the focus of preventing obesity. This is a fantastic age group to work with

Preventing Childhood Obesity With Physical Activity

1153 words - 5 pages Preventing Childhood Obesity with Physical ActivityObesity is the most widespread nutritional ailment in the United States. It has been connected with such problems as cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes and stroke. In the United States, one-third of the population struggles with obesity, which is defined as an excess of 20 percent over the ideal body weight for a given height. Those who suffer from obesity fight back with limited success

Childhood Obesity: Evidence Based Nursing Research

2498 words - 10 pages , it's a lifestyle: About BMI for children and teens. Retrieved March 11, 2010, from http://www.cdc.govhealthyweight/assessing/bmi/ childrens_bmi/about_childrens_bmi.htmlCenters for Disease Control and Prevention (2009). Preventing obesity and chronic diseases through good nutrition and physical activity. Retrieved March 9, 2010, from http://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/resources/publications/fact_sheets/obesity.htmCroker, H., Sweetman, C., & Coke

Preventing Obesity In School Aged Children In Australia

1415 words - 6 pages and set good examples in the classroom. Children will observe their teachers and as Berk indicates “children can pick up much positive behaviour through observing others.” (2000 p. 485). Physical education is important for two to six year olds. Teachers can play a big role in preventing obesity through educating and assisting students and parents. This is an amazing area of development as well as a lot of fun because children, from experience