Preventing Infection In Burn Patients Essay

1904 words - 8 pages

There are many kinds of burns as well as stages of burns that they can be classified into. There are thermal burns where someone is actually burnt by fire or heat. Electrical burn is when an individual is burned with an electrical supply of some kind. There does not have to be any kind of entry or exit wound with electrical burns, internal damage though is almost always done (Smeltzer, Bare, Hinkle, & Cheever, 2010, p. 1722). Radiation burns are when an individual is burned with radiation, such as when one looks at an ultraviolet light this can burn the eyes severely. Chemical burns are when an individual is burned with some sort of chemical, such as having any sort of strong acidic substance poured upon the skin. For these burns there are many different kinds of recommendations on how to treat these burns each one being different. One of the biggest concerns in the end is to prevent infection in the open wounds and ultimately to prevent septicemia in the burn victim.
The stages of burns are measured by their severity. Superficial Partial-Thickness burns are burns that just burn the epidermis (the outer layer of the skin) and maybe some of the dermis (underlining layer of the skin. Superficial partial- thickness burns would appear to be red, dry, and will blanch with pressure. A superficial partial-thickness burn is one that would come from sunburn and will heal within a week or so and not leave any scarring, but may peel (Smeltzer, Bare, Hinkle, & Cheever, 2010, p. 1722). Treatment of a superficial partial- thickness burn would simply be to apply some aloe ointment and leave to air dry. Deep Partial-Thickness burns are burns that burn the epidermis, dermis and some portions of the deeper dermis. Deep partial- thickness burns appear to be blistered mottled with a red base, a broken and weeping epidermis and some edema. Deep partial thickness wounds come from scalds and flash flame contacts and will heal in two to four weeks with some scarring and depigmentation contractures (Smeltzer, Bare, Hinkle, & Cheever, 2010, p. 1722). Treatment of a deep partial-thickness burn would be to cleanse burn with soap and water, weak saline solution (0.9%) or a water based disinfectant. Leave blisters alone, this helps reduce the risk of infection. Cover the burned area with a non- adherent sterile dressing (Watkins, 2011). Full-thickness involves the epidermis, entire dermis and may involve subcutaneous tissue, connective tissue, muscle, and bone. Full-thickness burns appear dry and can be the color pale white, red, brown, or charred black, as well as having fat exposed and edema present. Full thickness burns are burns from flame, prolonged exposure to hot liquids, electrical currents, and chemical contact that can cause severe damage and need to have grafting to fix, severe scarring and loss of contour and function, and even loss of digits or extremities is a possibility, these kind of burns can take months to heal (Smeltzer, Bare, Hinkle, &...

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