Child abuse is the physical or emotional mistreatment of a child by a parent, guardian, or other person. Information of child abuse, including sexual abuse, beating, and murder, have climbed in the United States and some authorities believe that the number of cases is under reported. Child neglect is sometimes integrated in legal definitions of child abuse to cover instances of starvation, abandonment, and insufficient care of a child's safety. When reported, child maltreatment cases are intricate by poor foster care services and a legal system that has trouble obliging to the susceptible nature of children(Child Maltreatment, 2015). Every year more than 3 million reports of child abuse are made in the United States involving more than 6 million children. Behavior of the abuser has had only partial success and child safety agencies are weighed down (Lewitt, 2013). Recently, efforts have begun to focus on the primary prevention of child abuse. The leading prevention of child abuse must be executed on many levels before it can be triumphant.
Prevention plans on the social level consist of growing the economic self-adequacy of families, disappointing corporal penalty and other forms of violence, making health care more available and inexpensive, intensifying and humanizing coordination of social services, improving the classification and conduct of psychological problems. Prevention plans on the family level include helping parents meet their basic needs, identifying problems of substance abuse and spouse abuse, and educating parents about child behavior, discipline, safety and development. Primary prevention is both the prevention of disease before it occurs, and the reduction of its incidence. In the case of child abuse, primary prevention is defined as any intervention designed for the purpose of preventing child abuse before it occurs (Child Maltreatment, 2015)
In the year 2014, more than 3 million reports of child abuse were made involving more than 6 million children. Thirty-five percent of these cases of child abuse were definite. Data from a variety of coverage sources indicates that enhanced reporting could direct to a important boost in the number of cases of child abuse confirmed by child protection agencies. The lack of verification does not specify that abuse did not occur, only that it could not be confirmed. The facts are that each year 160,000 children experience harsh or life-frightening injuries and 1,000 to 2,000 children die as a consequence of abuse. Of these deaths, 80 percent involve children younger than five years of age, and 40 percent involve children younger than one year of age. One out of every 20-murder fatalities is a child. Murder is the fourth leading cause of death in children from one to four years of age and the third leading cause of death in children from five to fourteen years of age. Neonaticide, which is the killing of a baby in the first 24 hours of life(Lewitt, 2013).
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