This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Primary Health Care Essay

2165 words - 9 pages

Part A
Primary health care evolves from the economic, cultural, social, and political conditions of a country, and it is described as an essential part of health care that is universally provided to individuals in a community at the country's and community's expense (World Health Organisation [WHO], 1978). The goal of primary health care is to address the main local health problems, but it involves community education about these problems in addition to providing disease treatments (WHO, 1978). Furthermore, primary health care is concerned with nutrition promotion, sanitation standards, family planning, immunisation, disease control and prevention, and it promotes and relies on community and individual participation in primary health care functions (WHO, 1978).
Population health is concerned with policies and interventions that result in positive health outcomes within a community and further distribution of these outcomes among the individuals of the community (Kindig and Stoddart, 2003). Primary health care and population health overlap and complement each other because primary health care builds the fundamental infrastructure of the national health care system (WHO, 1978), so other aspects of national health care are built upon the principles, organisation, and functions defined in the country's primary health care policies and regulations. For example, primary care is provided to individuals, and population health is concerned with community health. However, population health depends on proper individual care because individuals with potentially communicable disease can be a threat to public health, so population health can plan its interventions in the community based on evidence collected from primary health observations during individual treatments.
Nurses can contribute to preventing epidemics through primary health care and population health because they can assume several important roles during potential or actual epidemic threats. For example, community education about current health issues is one of the functions of primary health care, so a registered nurse can assume the role of an educator and educate the community about the current threat. Community education is one of the most important aspects of nursing because their code of ethics requires them to keep the community accurately informed on health related issues (Australian Nursing & Midwifery Council [ANMC], 2006). Furthermore, the education informs community about prevention methods because primary health care supports the active participation of patients for both individual and public health.
In population health, registered nurses can assist in epidemic preventions through screening and surveillance. Surveillance is a continuous process which involves data collection and data analysis. Surveillance is constantly practised because it is used as a prevention method to identify possible outbreaks (Oleske, 2009). Once an outbreak is identified, screening is a process...

Find Another Essay On Primary Health Care

Skills of a Primary Health Care Manager

4311 words - 17 pages SUMMARY:As governments attempt to focus more intently on how to deal with alarming measures of health disadvantage and inequities, a reformist gaze seems to have settled on the primary care sector. Simultaneously, in literature about this area, whether intended or not, primary health care and primary care's managements, are increasingly interchanged which yield mess while implementing PHC through primary care. Primary health care and health

The Principles And Components Of Primary Health Care

2551 words - 11 pages The Principles And Components Of Primary Health Care Primary Health Care simply means “essential health care based on practical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at cost that the community and the country can afford to maintain at every stage of development in the spirit of self -reliance and self

Contribution of primary care to health systems and health: Is it essential?

1985 words - 8 pages Contribution of primary care to health systems and health: Is it essential? Evidence of the health promoting power of primary care has increased ever since investigators have been able to differentiate primary care from other characteristics of the health services delivery system. Studies constantly show that primary care has a positive effect on health results. It reduces mortality and morbidity, and it is considerably more lucrative than

Merger and Acquisition: Proposed takeover by Primary Health Care of Symbion Health

3455 words - 14 pages Executive Summary________________________________________________________________________The following report is prepared for Primary Health Care to assess the current proposed takeover of Symbion Health. Both companies occupy substantial positions within their own medical sectors.This report analyses the tangible and intangible assets of the separate entities and highlights the positive synergies that will arise to complement and expand pre

NRSRN 2001: "In order to improve health in the primary care setting you need to work collaboratively with others"

2366 words - 9 pages will lead to the creation of adverse interprofessional attitudes and the formation of barriers to clinical effectiveness (Dowswell 1999).Antrobus (1997) found nursing attempts to enhance quality of life. In support of this it is acknowledged that multidisciplinary health care will increase the quality of care to all recipients (Orpaz and Korenblit 1994, Youngson-Reilly et al 1995). On my recent primary care placement I was based in a medical

The Romanow Report

1133 words - 5 pages Introduction Primary health care is the essential step to the Canadian health system. It is often associated with other specialized health care sectors, and community services. Many patients visit various services under primary health care such as family doctors' office, mental health facilities, nurse practitioners' offices; phone calls to health information lines, for example, Tele-health; and suggestions received from physicians and

Health Organization: Case Study

1028 words - 5 pages all members of the health care system. United Health Organization was formed in1974 by a group of health care experts. IN 1977 United Health Care Corporation recognized and they started Medicare formularies, pre certification of hospital admissions, cost control software programs for primary care physician’s offices. United Health Care Corporation has concentrated mainly on the health care requirements of elders. In 1979 they started substitute for

Health care in the US compared to England

879 words - 4 pages spends 8.5% of GDP on health and everybody is covered. (US and UK Health Care - Opposites Can Learn From Each Other October 2012,) In England their health care is called the National Health System (NHS). The government finances health care and manages the infrastructure for the delivery of medical care. The NHS in England is focused on primary care and community health services. The NHS in England provides care that is free at the time services are

The Commonwealth of Massachusetts' Health Care Plan Analysis

997 words - 4 pages is not without problems. There is a severe lack of primary care physicians. While many of those uninsured before the plan was passed have now gained health care, they cannot find a primary physicians. This has caused a large influx in people using the emergency room for basic care rather than using a doctor more appropriate for the situation. In actuality, the health care program in Massachusetts was supposed to prevent the use of emergency rooms


651 words - 3 pages agreement to offer health care services to members. Once a member signs up, all their heath care needs are covered by the managed care organizations. Access to care outside the organization is restricted. Members under managed care organizations are usually assigned a primary care physician (PCP) who is the primary care giver for the member. The PCP is tasked with analyzing a member’s health problem before referring them to other sections of the managed

National Health Care Quality and Disparities Report

674 words - 3 pages . The APRNs need to report the findings to local health care providers, and political leaders, then initiate change based on the findings. APRNs could write culturally relevant health promotional literature on diabetic disease management and make the literature available at public health clinics, primary care clinics, local parishes and senior centers. The literature needs to be available in multiple languages and should support integration of

Similar Essays

Primary Health Care In Australia Essay

2127 words - 9 pages and control of chronic diseases and availing essential drugs to all those affected. Where these key approaches of PHC are adequately implemented and sustained, they promise to conduce the strengthening of Australia’s health system. The concepts and approaches of PHC in form of values and principles of primary health care include equity and universal access to services, multi-sectorial action, as well as community participation. Their objective is

Primary Health Care And Health Promotion

834 words - 4 pages Primary Health Care (PHC) and Health Promotion are important for a quality health care system to allow equity, social justice and empowerment. To explore Primary Health Care and Health Promotion and its value within the health care system, one must first distinguish what health is. There are many varying opinions of health depending on personal context, although the most commonly referred to definition is from the World Health Organisation (WHO

Primary Health Care: A New Approach To Health Care

2171 words - 9 pages Primary health care is the care nurses adopt to emphasis the health care to the people themselves and their needs to shape their lives of the people. Primary health care includes all areas that play a role in health, such as access to health services, environment and lifestyle. Hospitals and the health care centers are the only aspects providing the health care to the people in towns or communities. According to (Anne McMurray, 2012

Principles And Components Of Primary Health Care

2242 words - 9 pages Principles and Components of Primary Health Care According to World Health Organization (1978), primary health care is defined as a universally accessible health care that is socially acceptable, affordable and requires individuals to be more self-reliant with their health care needs. Primary health care has many goals, but the most important is introducing the importance of self-reliance to individuals. The main objective of primary health care