This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Principles And Components Of Primary Health Care

2242 words - 9 pages

Principles and Components of Primary Health Care
According to World Health Organization (1978), primary health care is defined as a universally accessible health care that is socially acceptable, affordable and requires individuals to be more self-reliant with their health care needs. Primary health care has many goals, but the most important is introducing the importance of self-reliance to individuals. The main objective of primary health care is to provide better health for all. In order to accomplish this goal, the world health organization stated five key goals. “The five key goals are: firstly, to reduce exclusion and social health disparities, that is the universal coverage reforms. Secondly, to organize health services based on individuals need and expectation, that is service delivery reforms. Thirdly, to integrate health into all industry sectors, that is public policy reforms. Moving on, the Fourth key goal is leadership reforms and lastlyto increase stakeholder participation”
In 1978, the World Health Organization adopted the declaration of Alma-Ata. The declaration, named after the host city, Almaty, Kazakhstan (formerly known as Alma-Ata) outlined the organization’s stance towards health care made available for all people in the world (Mcmurray, 2011). The declaration stated that health is a “fundamental human right and that the attainment of the highest possible level of health is a most important social goal whose realization requires the action of many other social and economic sectors in addition to the health sector”. The declaration also defined the essential components of primary health care, which helped outline a means of providing health care globally. Thus, this assignment focusses on the principles and components of primary health care that is discussed later.
According to world health organization, the key strategies that play a role in primary health care includes: reducing death rates in poor populations by increasing access to health care, reducing the risk factors to human health by focussing on preventative medicine, developing sustainable health system, and integrating primary health care policy with other social, economic and environmental policies Moving on, primary health care focusses largely on the prevention of diseases. For example, according to communicable centre for disease control and prevention there is an epidemic of dengue fever in Fiji. More than 14000 people are affected with dengue fever and the number of cases is increasing every day (The Fiji Times, 2014). The primary health care personnel seek to control this dengue fever from spreading further. The strategies that the health ministry is using to control this dengue fever is by organizing clean-up campaigns at a national level, raising health awareness on the disease, and educating the families and communities on the prevention of this disease.
Therefore in achieving the health for all there is six principals of Primary Health Care. According...

Find Another Essay On Principles and Components of Primary Health Care

Contribution of primary care to health systems and health: Is it essential?

1985 words - 8 pages Contribution of primary care to health systems and health: Is it essential? Evidence of the health promoting power of primary care has increased ever since investigators have been able to differentiate primary care from other characteristics of the health services delivery system. Studies constantly show that primary care has a positive effect on health results. It reduces mortality and morbidity, and it is considerably more lucrative than

Merger and Acquisition: Proposed takeover by Primary Health Care of Symbion Health

3455 words - 14 pages Executive Summary________________________________________________________________________The following report is prepared for Primary Health Care to assess the current proposed takeover of Symbion Health. Both companies occupy substantial positions within their own medical sectors.This report analyses the tangible and intangible assets of the separate entities and highlights the positive synergies that will arise to complement and expand pre

Primary Health Care in Australia

2127 words - 9 pages and control of chronic diseases and availing essential drugs to all those affected. Where these key approaches of PHC are adequately implemented and sustained, they promise to conduce the strengthening of Australia’s health system. The concepts and approaches of PHC in form of values and principles of primary health care include equity and universal access to services, multi-sectorial action, as well as community participation. Their objective is

Primary Health Care: A New Approach to Health Care

2171 words - 9 pages community development. Participation can be in the area of identification of needs or during implementation. Components of Primary Health Care There are many components of primary health care and which are linked to the principles of the primary health care. To begin with, the first component is health education. Health Promotion is the process of helping people to adopt healthier patterns of behavior. Moving on, clean water and sanitation

Evaluaton of Ethical Theories and/or Principles and their Application in Critical Health and/or Social Care Setting

1922 words - 8 pages Evaluation of Ethical Theories and/or Principles and their Application in Critical Health and/or Social Care Setting By Your Name Unit/Subject Name and Code Instructor’s Name Institution’s Name Department Name Date Introduction An Acute and critical clinical scenario involving life threatening conditions that requires high degree of accuracy with a very small allowable error margin calls for a quick judgement and response from

NRSRN 2001: "In order to improve health in the primary care setting you need to work collaboratively with others"

2366 words - 9 pages as well as in a team context.The theme of promoting collaborative working between social and health care is high on political agendas. In 1997 the DoH stated that the National Health Service (NHS) needed to be modernised in order to meet patient's aspirations for up-to-date, quicker, more responsive services. To illustrate this; one of the core principles in The NHS Plan (2000) states that 'The NHS will work together with others to ensure a

Health and fitness related components

1479 words - 6 pages Health and fitness related components Fitness plays a small though significant part in the success of a cricketer. There are several components of fitness that are important for success for all players. To be a successful member for a team one needs to be healthy. A state of complete mental, physical and social well-being is considered as being healthy. Mental health can be observed as the ability to concentrate on a

Health and Medical Care of Infants

1355 words - 5 pages Every day, physicians called pediatricians are helping and treating children’s illnesses and making sure they are healthy. Dr. Ananya Mandel describes pediatrics “as the branch of medicine dealing with the health and medical care of infants, children and adolescents from birth up to the age of 18” (Ananya l). Pediatricians work with children and care about their health. Without pediatricians, children wouldn’t receive special treatment, which

The Primary Care Physician Shortage and the Affordable Care Act

2061 words - 9 pages , what these transformations are and how they will affect the healthcare system, specifically primary care physicians are uncertain. Primary care physicians are the cornerstones for patients in the health care system. They act as a liaison between families and specialist physicians. Primary care physicians provide a variety of patient care services that involve multiple skill sets. They are in charge of diagnosing the patient and managing the plan

Health Care IT and Quality Health Care

1321 words - 6 pages 1.0 Introduction The interpretation of quality health care varies with each person. Some place emphasis on the ability to access various treatments without interference. Others value the feature of being able to simply select one’s provider. Quality health care, according to the Institute of Medicine (2001), can be defined as care that is “safe, effective, patient-centered, timely, efficient and equitable” (p. 3). Furthermore, it should

Health and Social Care

1437 words - 6 pages Introduction One of the five key principles of care practice is to ‘Support people in having a voice and being heard,’ (K101, Unit 4, p.183). The key principles are linked to the National Occupational Standards for ‘Health and Social Care’. They are a means of establishing and maintaining good care practice. Relationships based on trust and respect should be developed between care receivers and care givers, thus promoting confidence whilst

Similar Essays

The Principles And Components Of Primary Health Care

2551 words - 11 pages The Principles And Components Of Primary Health Care Primary Health Care simply means “essential health care based on practical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at cost that the community and the country can afford to maintain at every stage of development in the spirit of self -reliance and self

Primary Health Care And Health Promotion

834 words - 4 pages & Clendon, 2011). The three main principles regarding Primary Health Care are empowerment, equity and social justice. Equity implies fairness, social justice is the promise to equity and empowerment refers to the process of allowing individuals and communities to participate in a way that enhances their lives and attains social justice (Talbot & Verrinder, 2014). Along with the empowerment, equity and social justice, various criterions for health

Primary Health Care Essay

2165 words - 9 pages and further distribution of these outcomes among the individuals of the community (Kindig and Stoddart, 2003). Primary health care and population health overlap and complement each other because primary health care builds the fundamental infrastructure of the national health care system (WHO, 1978), so other aspects of national health care are built upon the principles, organisation, and functions defined in the country's primary health care

Skills Of A Primary Health Care Manager

4311 words - 17 pages managerial skills are described that are based on the PHC principles, drawing support from the relevant literature. To approach this paper, the author try to triangulates the theory, skills and practices in the context of PHC management.1.0-INTRODUCTION:The term primary health care (PHC) is commonly interchanged with primary care (Wass, 2000; Swerissen 2000) as if their philosophies and practices were the same. Similarly, the term health promotion