This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Principles Of Community Development In Relation To Sustainable, Community Based Natural Resource Management

2539 words - 10 pages

Community development pulls together the idea of community and development. Many communities have failed to attain development due to lack of knowledge in the principles that need to be applied when pursuing developmental goals. The knowledge and application of the principles that define community development is fundamental for every development-oriented individual and practitioner since it puts the interested parties in the right track to sustainable development. A community by definition entails integration of various entities (human beings and environment) that make one unit called ‘community’ and in this unit there is interaction among human beings themselves, and human beings with the environment. Development on the other hand consists of improvements in the well being of citizens and the capacity of economic, political and social systems to provide the circumstances for that well being on a sustainable, long-term basis (Barder, 2012). Community development can therefore be defined as a process where community members come together to take collective action and generate solutions to common economic, social, environmental, cultural and political problems. Community-based natural resources management (CBNRM) on the other hand is an approach under which communities become responsible for managing natural resources (forests, land, water, biodiversity) within a designated area (Donnay and Webbie, 2011). However the basis of CBNRM lies in the community development process where collective action is required to have an effective CBNRM program. CBNRM programs are implemented worldwide and they aim to spur rural development while improving natural resource management (Boggs 2000; World Wildlife Fund for Nature 2006). In this paper, I will discuss how the principles of community development relate to the fundamental requirements of a successful and sustainable community based natural resource management program. The three principles to be discussed are empowerment, inclusion/participation and upstream approach.

Principles of Community Development and Sustainable Community Based Natural Resource Management Linkage
The first principle, empowerment, is one of the key principles of community development because without empowerment of the people, a claim cannot be made that community development has taken place. In empowerment, people’s abilities are identified, recognized and encouraged. Empowerment focuses on identifying capabilities instead of cataloging risk factors (Perkins and Zimmerman, 1995). The term empowerment in itself denotes that there is powerlessness. According to Lerner (1986), there are two kinds of powerlessness; real and surplus, each of which has an impact on community development. Real powerlessness results from inequities and oppressive control excised by the system and other people while surplus powerlessness is when an individual has an internalized belief that change cannot occur. Both of these affect...

Find Another Essay On Principles of Community Development in Relation to Sustainable, Community Based Natural Resource Management

Community Based Corrections: Viable Alternative to Incarceration

1808 words - 7 pages forms of community-based corrections, which cost less than five dollars a day (Honarvar, 2010). The efficiency by which community corrections reduce cost, prison populations, and decreases this rate judges should disposition to these programs in lieu of incarceration (Honarvar, 2010). The state spends taxpayer money on building correctional facilities and staff to supervise offenders, while the research shows reduced recidivism rates when

Community-Based Participatory Research Essay

1249 words - 5 pages community, it can be safely discarded as nonviable. Applicability to Social Work Although CBPR can encapsulate the strengths based perspective, the model is rarely used in the social work community. Lightfoot et al. (2014) explained asset mapping by stating, “The asset approach differs from the more prominent deficit orientation to community development, which has historically focused on problems or risks of local communities that require

Community Based Policing

571 words - 2 pages policing techniques, mainly community based policing, has proved to be the best way to improve the image of law enforcement.      Community based policing can best be defined as, 'a collaborative effort between the police and the community that identifies problems of crime and disorder and involves all elements of the community in the search for solutions to these problems' (Sykes). Community based policing is the idea that the role of the police

We Need a Sustainable Community

1407 words - 6 pages Toward a Sustainable Community   Not until the spread of the Industrial Revolution in the late nineteenth century, has man possessed the ability to adversely alter, on a global scale, the geologic and climatic cycles that have existed for millennia. Planet earth, which man calls home, is approximately 5 billion years old. The science of paleontology tells us that man is a relative new comer to the planet. Modern man did not arrive on the

Factors Affecting Community Development

2271 words - 10 pages simply just the way of life (Kreuter, Lukwago, Bucholtz, Clark & Sanders-Thompson, 2003). Many different models have been established which incorporate different values and beliefs of different cultural groups; these models incorporate the key ideas and principles of community development and overall health in regards to the specific cultures. Culture also has a huge impact on community development and also aids in the empowerment of the community

Southern African Development Community

1796 words - 7 pages achieve development, peace and security, and economic growth, to alleviate poverty, enhance the standard and quality of life of the peoples of Southern Africa, and support the socially disadvantaged through regional integration, built on democratic principles and equitable and sustainable development. The Regional Indicative Strategic Development Plan (RISDP) and the Strategic Indicative Plan for the Organ (SIPO) remain the guiding frameworks

Community and Economic Development

2039 words - 8 pages Using Community and Economic Development to Promote Growth The recent financial crisis is considered by many economists to be the worst financial crisis since the Great Depression of the 1930s. It was caused by the housing bubble that disguised risk and had other various enabling conditions that resulted from bank deregulation. From these circumstances, many cities like Detroit saw a sharp increase in foreclosures and abandoned housing which

Community Development Week 1

627 words - 3 pages Running Head: COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENTCommunity Development[Writer Name][Institute Name]Community DevelopmentIntroductionCommunication is a social factor which is a part of our everyday life that occurs whether we intend to or not. Every individual has a particular style of communicating. These styles include both verbal and non-verbal approaches, except in unfortunate circumstances where a person is literally incapable of verbally communicating

Home and Community Development

1153 words - 5 pages country to the best of my ability. When in college I want to study English, philosophy, as well as become a certified welder. These are some of the things I wish to do after high school and I believe they are obtainable goals with a little hard work and a little elbow grease. The last goal that I have for myself so far is to eventually become an accomplished politician, like my father. The skills I have learned and will learn through carpet laying as well as agriculture classes will help me tremendously. I will be able to relate to the farming community as well as the more urban areas.

Southern African Development Community in Angola

2175 words - 9 pages Contents Introduction 1 SADC and Angola. 2 Angola’s Exports 2 Angola’s Imports 4 Conclusion 5 Recommendations 5 References: 7   ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF SOUTHERN AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT COMMUNITY (SADC) ON ANGOLA. Introduction After war, Angola is said to be in a triple evolution. It said to evolve from war to peace, destruction to reconstruction and from a state support system to democratization and transparency. It gained independence from the

Social Work Modes of Practice - Community Development

1768 words - 7 pages To understand the concept of community development and how it relates to social work practice, firstly the 'community' itself, should be defined in the context of social work. Community development is about giving people a fair and just share of available resources. This mode of practice highlights an extension of the skills and methods of social work 'direct' practice. Case work and community development, as separate modes of practice, are

Similar Essays

Community Development Essay

572 words - 2 pages Running Head: Community Development Week 2Leadership[Writer Name][Institute Name]LeadershipIntroductionLens crafters communication barriers are in existence within the organization due to the complexity of different tasks, constant change of structures, and ongoing development of technology. The company must be able to withstand any type communication barriers for example: information overload, noise, time pressures, and breakdown in

Community Development Essay

666 words - 3 pages Running Head: COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENTCommunity Development[Writer Name][Institute Name]Community DevelopmentIntroductionCommunication as a manager in the workplace is vital. It is a foundation of success. It is more important as a manager to possess effective verbal and non-verbal communication skills than an employee because the manager is the leader. A leader should be an example to his/her followers. As manager, expectations should be clearly

Research On Fatima Mansions In Relation To The Theories Of Community

1412 words - 6 pages In relation to this statement I have decided to research a community within inner city Dublin. I will focus my research on the community of Fatima Mansions in relation to the theories of community, the functions of the community, community supports and resources and community integration versus community marginalisation. There is no one definition for Community, Community is a contested concept that when we begin to study we learn that it is a

Community Policing Policy In Order To Establish A Community Based Policing Program A Number Of Needs Must Be Met

3664 words - 15 pages Community Policing PolicyIn order to establish a community based policing program a number of needs must be met. First, a need must be identified within the community. Second, a method must be found to help meet that need. Third, the police must actively involve community members in the process. Here in Tucson crime is rampant, particularly larceny. This has lead to the development of many programs geared toward community interaction and