Prisons May Cause Individuals To Reoffend

1772 words - 8 pages

Currently, statistics indicate that 60 percent of criminals have reoffended at some point in their lifetimes. Many argue that prison causes an individual to reoffend, however many oppose this belief and argue that other factors cause a high rate of reoffending. This controversial topic raises multiple questions regarding prison and its role in reoffending, as well as what other factors can cause an individual to reoffend. The question then raised is: “to what extent does prison cause an individual to reoffend?” This question will help to determine the major factors causing individuals to reoffend, as well as give insight into additional statistics related to the topic. ...view middle of the document...

” This violence causes males to be more likely to commit crimes, as they are naturally more violent. Another factor contributing to the higher number of male reoffenders than females is a result of the extremely higher number of male prisons. In a 1994 Australian prison census, it was determined that 95 percent of prisoners were males. It has further been identified that the most common age of reoffenders is estimated to range between the ages of 20 and 29.

Jail does cause individuals to reoffend
It is believed that, due to a number of factors, serving time in jail causes individuals to reoffend. It has been identified that modern prison has become too comfortable and that punishment within these facilities has decreased. In the late 1800’s and early 1900’s, prisoners lived harsh lives; many prisoners died from the conditions of the prisons alone, regardless of punishments they received. Communication with relatives and friends was extremely difficult, with meetings only occurring once a month. When they were able to communicate, their relatives were on the opposite side of brass barriers. Prisoners within these times also suffered more frequent and severe physical punishment . In contrast, modern prisons society, are cleaner and safer and punishment is not as severe nor frequent. This is mainly due to the increased push for human rights for all people; most countries are held responsible for the well-being of all of their citizens, which includes their criminals. This results in punishment becoming less severe, which helps to protect the mental and physical health and well-being of prisoners. Prisoners under low and medium security are able to have visitors more frequently, and these prisoners are able to sit with their visitors with no barriers. Due to the nature of prisoners under high-security, individuals are more confined when meeting with visitors. This decrease in punishment and increase in comfort has resulted in the deterrence effect of prison becoming neutralized, meaning that prisons do not discourage prisoners from committing criminal acts. This results in prisoners not discontinuing criminal behaviour as they are not daunted by the consequences that are involved. Further, prison offers little help for prisoners during their sentence, which consequently makes them more likely to reoffend. A study conducted in 2010 determined that half of short term prisoners spent most of their days in their prison cells, and little was done by prison workers, such as counsellors, to help prevent them from committing crimes upon their release. As a result, these criminals are likely to display the same behaviour upon their release as they were not helped to alter their behaviour. In addition, prisons often try to destroy individualism, which results in high rates of reoffenders. Many prisoners are given uniforms, and their names are replaced with a set of numbers which help to identify them. This results in a loss of identity for...

Find Another Essay On Prisons May Cause Individuals to Reoffend

Private Prisons or For -Profit Prisons

1321 words - 6 pages personnel management; higher morale, enthusiasm, and sense of ownership among staff; greater experience and leadership among top administrators; and stricter, "by the book" governance of inmates. These traits may be fostered by the structure, incentives, and environment of private management. Although there are many surveys and researches on the subject of comparing private prions and public prisons no results is definite entirely to determine

Legal studies assessment - legal 11 - Crime Practice Questions

1640 words - 7 pages start. They secondly act as deterrence either a special deterrence to deter the offender from recommitting or a general deterrence to deter others from committing the same crime. For more serous offenders the CJS may wish ti incapitate offenders in order to protect society. Individuals may receive a variety of punishments that vary in effectiveness. One may be a fine. While it is quick, flexible and cost-effective, it is bias against the

Visions of Prisons in the Future

2471 words - 10 pages Since the 1700s, man has incorporated prisons with the objective of punishing individuals who had committed crimes against society. Follow us as we journey from past and present prison status, to what possibly might be the future that is prison.Imprisonment is a relatively new idea for punishing criminals. "Until the late 18th century, prisons were used as debtors' prisons. They imprisoned debtors who could not pay off their creditors, along

Women's Prisons

1101 words - 5 pages specifically designed with women in mind (Becki Ney). Say for instance a high risk women would technically be more or less than that of a medium risk man: just as well a medium risk woman would only be classified as a low rick male (Becki Ney). The reason that women have less of a risk than men is because women are less likely to reoffend than men are (Becki Ney). Living life inside a women’s prison is different than it is inside men’s prisons

Prison Reform

943 words - 4 pages When evaluating our nation’s federal prison system, there seems to be no apparent benefits to any parties involved. What is the purpose of federal prisons? Surely not to drain taxpayers in order to provide for faulty rehabilitation, over-population, and authoritative corruption…right? Unfortunately, this seems to be our present standings. Somehow, our government is able to stand by and justify this inadequate system by claiming that this is the

Adolescent Crime a Result of Socioeconomic Instabilities

1397 words - 6 pages experienced criminals—the very population most resistant to any treatment. The other reason may be that the harsh demands of confining someone’s liberty, especially within maximum-security prisons, are inconsistent with efforts to teach someone how to behave in freedom” (Glazer). Therefore, potential negative experiences encountered by some juvenile offenders in society can provide them with the opportunity to develop and embrace delinquent modes

Capital Punishment is Moral and Ethical

2280 words - 9 pages the consequences in the hands of the rational. We should then take this freedom and consider our own interest. If not we face the possibility of the same actions reoccurring. Cowan 2 A fear of those who obey the law, are those who do not. There is also the possibility that those criminals will also reoffend. According to Marie Gottschalk, in her article “Days without End: Life Sentences and Penal Reform,” the total

How Can Teaching Writing be Used as a Method of Rehabilitating Young Offenders?

1401 words - 6 pages /books/2013/jan/18/in-praise-creative-writing Davis, H. (2012) How Writers in Prisons Empower Inmates. The Guardian [Online] Available from: Howse, P. (2014) Education Makes Prisoners ‘Less Likely to Reoffend’. BBC News: Education and Family [Online] Available from: Hunt, E. (2013) Call to Recognise the

THis essay is about American Prison Reform, the many changes, as well as both sides of the issue- DOes it need to be reformed? It also concludes and solves the issue

2122 words - 8 pages individuals. The abnormality here resided in the psychological nature of the situation and not in those who passed through it. (Haney et al, p. 711)In this they are asserting that it is not necessarily the individual that cause the malcontent so often found in prisons, but the prison setting itself. Altering the prison environment could involve changing education, labor, and entertainment programs, and the rules and treatment of inmates.The education of

Corrections in the U.S

588 words - 3 pages Corrections total number 1990 = 4,350,300 1995 = 5,342,900 2001 = 6,592,800 2005 = 7,051,300 2010 = 7,076,200 Explain the analyze these numbers Correctional number = number of people in probation + number of people in jails + number of people in prisons + number of people in parole. The growth and reduction of each of these numbers can cause total correctional number growth or reduction. From 1990 to 2010 the number of annual

crisis in prison

1797 words - 8 pages , looking at problems within the penal system. The orthodox account is easily summarised by a quote from the article ‘why prisons may explode’ (Humphry and May 1977) ‘explosive problems remain in many of Britain’s prisons – a higher number of lifers... who have nothing left to lose; overcrowding which forces men to sleep three to a cell and understaffing which weakens security. Prisons, too, are forced to handle men with profound psychiatric problems

Similar Essays

Do Prisons Rehabilitate? Essay

1546 words - 6 pages Do Prisons Rehabilitate? In this essay, I shall be focusing on the whether or Prisons rehabilitate offenders. I will do this by focusing mainly on the Prison Service in England & Wales, the reason for this, being that the data and statistics for England & Wales are easier to obtain than that of other countries. The main information I will be referring to will be the rates of conviction, types of imprisonment, types of non-custodial

The Problem Of Recidivism Essay

1716 words - 7 pages rehabilitation.”, and in most cases, simply to survive. The reasons vary from person to person. Some may reoffend out of pleasure while others out of feeling like that is what they need to do to stay afloat. While in prison a little while before their release, I feel that the inmates should have resources to prepare them for the “outside world”. There should be available health insurance, housing, food stamps, clothing assistance, grants for school and

Home Confinement Is The Solution To Prison Overcrowding

1406 words - 6 pages purchased to help offenders such as community service, work and program requirements, and services to provide the opportunity for rehabilitation can be used as an alternative to the construction of prisons. Although these programs may be expensive, they are far from the price of prison construction and operation. In summary, these programs produce positive results at a lower cost. They will save U.S. citizens millions of dollars and produce

Caring For The Mentally Ill Essay

1682 words - 7 pages consistently is unethical due to lack of alternatives. The mentally ill are overloading prisons, which render progression useless since there are not many solutions to rectify their issues. Options for providing treatment and establishing mental health facilities will be discussed. Alternative solutions could include community-based mental health treatment centers, mental health courts, and long-term treatment programs. Finally, not all mentally ill