This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Privatization Of American Prisons Essay

2043 words - 9 pages

Introduction:
In America today, there is a trend in corrections of taking the duty of running prisons out of the hands of state and federal authorities and contracting it out to private organizations. Along with the drift to privatization is a plethora of research pertaining to the subject taking many different approaches to analyzing the effectiveness. The majority of research focuses on one of three areas. The first questioning whether or not it is cost effective to make the switch. The second being the ethical problems that can and have risen from the privatization of prisons. The third being a wide painting of the change and the implications it has on society as a whole.
When the changes came about, there were an excessive amount of variables that made the privatization of prisons a problematic change and a ill conceived solution to a larger issue. Now that privatization has been in practice for some time, many issues are coming out into the public's eye. For one, there is little evidence to support the notion that it is more cost effective. Another is that the ethical issues are being taken to the extreme. The privatization of prisons is in no manner a solution to any problems that the criminal justice system is facing, and government should not delegate coercive authority to private entities.
History of Prison Privatization:
In the United States of America, prison privatization began to increase in popularity around the late 19th century. There are many reasons that the idea became increasingly entertained. These reasons include the egregious overcrowding of government run facilities, citizens' forceful promotion of policies to further increase the American prison population, and increasing cost to maintain the increasing prison population of the United states. These factors led to the ride of privatization in the 1980s and 1990s.
The idea of privatizing correctional facilities did not arise in the 80s and 90s, rather they had been around in assorted forms throughout the history of the United States and England. For American society, the idea is very easily traced back to England. England was the leader in developing ideas on corrections for criminals and practices that put the ideas to use. In England, privately operated “Prosecution societies” were forerunners to the contemporary, government funded, system of criminal prosecution. Privatized origins are not only seen in the prison operation, but in many aspects of the criminal justice process. The modern system of policing has its origins in voluntary and, largely, private law enforcement strategies. The longer corrections remained private, the more corruption spread among the field. After an extended time where corrections were private in nature, it was picked up by the government to increase the justness. In remained publicly controlled for centuries to follow. This public ownership followed into the American colonies and eventually the United States. (Babcock, 1985)
However,...

Find Another Essay On Privatization of American Prisons

Life in Prison Essay

2174 words - 9 pages services of privatized correctional institutions or are correctional institutions creating an atmosphere that benefits in enslaving American? Life in Prison Were prisons intended to reform felons, to discipline them, to remove them from society or to pad pockets with cheap labor? This question has been kicked around since the earliest modern prisons of the 1820’s. Penologists agree that prisoners should be able to learn a trade and/ or continue their

Private Prisons Negativly Impact State and Local Governments

3199 words - 13 pages in 2000” (Khimm 2010). Regrettably, instead of alleviating budgetary woes these states have added new burdens to their bottom lines. Private prisons do little to improve local economies. By all means, “the cost benefits of privatization have not materialized to the extent promised by the private sector. Although there are examples of cost savings, there are other examples in which such benefits have not been realized”(Austin 2001, 39

aertqefaasda

707 words - 3 pages mentally ill are becoming criminals and have a high rate of recidivism (Wallace, 2012). This means there is less administration acts for mentally ill prisoners because of the huge capacity sizes in the prisons, and a decrease in health care services because of the lack of mental health professionals and supplies needed for adequate treatment. Privatization of prison health care started around the 1980s with vendors hiring and paying doctors

The Public-Private Prison Debate

2472 words - 10 pages amount is being split between fifty states, meaning that in each state the federal contribution is actually less than two percent of the total prison expense. Because of this fiscal pressure, governments are looking for alternatives to the public prison system. The predominant idea for reformation is privatization of prisons. Journals abound with responses to this idea including Ph.D. Gaes’s article in the National Institute of Justice Journal

Private Prisons or For -Profit Prisons

1321 words - 6 pages example, should overhead costs for state bureaucracy be included in the cost estimate? Including overhead in the per diem cost, although reasonable on the surface, is based on the questionable assumption that “saving” one prison through privatization will “save” an equal share of overhead. Moreover, since private prisons is more of a business rather than a correctional facility, early-release, parole, and good behavior programs are likely to be

Should Prisons be Privatized?

674 words - 3 pages modify services, increases the accountability of bureaucrats for their programs and expenditures and decreases the growth rate of bureaucracy.Sad to say, building and managing prisons is a growth opportunity for those private firms which are being called upon to assist law enforcement agencies under the new privatization trend. About 1.5 million people are jailed in the U.S. and the inmate population is growing at 8 percent per year. Experts

Unique Challenges of Privatization of the Juvinille Justice System

1286 words - 6 pages privatization may improve performance of public of juvenile justice corrections facilities by reducing government costs, privatization creates unique ethical challenges to the decision-making process. Douglas Dunham argues that private prisons often operate under contracts that are “equivocal in terms of the responsibilities of the private operator, as well as the per prisoner per day rate at which the operator will be paid.” Private prisons should have

Dementia Behind Bars

634 words - 3 pages Dementia, a disease characterized with the loss of brain functions; loss of memory, thinking and ability to reason clearly, has been on the rise in the American prisons. Law on the mandatory sentencing of criminals in the 1970s gave rise to the present high population of inmates and the costs associated. This disease associated with the elderly, is evident in the states and federal prisons with the numbers of elderly inmates on the rise, 125 000

Private Prisons

752 words - 4 pages and mistreatment. Privatization of prisons is unlawful and often leads to corruption. Prisons were first established to fill a need to punish and rehabilitate inmates, but by looking at prisons as opportunities to gain a profit, the very inmates were try to help and educate end up being sought after like cattle and treated as such. These for-profit prisons fail to prove that they are cost efficient, more effective in management, or give better

Privitization of Prisons

3047 words - 12 pages different issues and opinions concerned with the privatization of prisons. Through this paper I aim to identify the positive and negative consequences as well as other issues surrounding this controversial issue of outsourcing prisons.The term 'Privatization of Prisons' comes from the word privatization meaning transfer (services) from public to private ownership and the word prison meaning to be held in captive.The concept refers to contract

The Nature of the Modern American Prison System

1985 words - 8 pages The nature of the modern American prison system is explored, especially with regard to the evolution of safety measures and the birth of prison privatization. Covered are Bentham's revolutionary Panopticon concept, as well as the driving forces behind prison labor practices and prisoner rights. Factors such as investor confidence, taxation, and public policy are all examined to determine how they influence the state of the prison system (both

Similar Essays

The Privatization Of American Prisons Essay

4434 words - 18 pages The Privatization of American Prisons Introduction Since 1984, the California Penal System has been forced to undergo drastic changes resulting from increased legislation aimed at increasing the severity of retribution to offenders leading to an exponentially increasing prison population. In the 132 years between 1852 and 1984, the state of California built twelve prisons, but has since supplemented the prison system with 21 new

Sheding The Light On The Privatization Of Prisons From The Costs Point Of View

1780 words - 8 pages the field of corrections. The information confirms that a gap exists and misguides the actual cost of prison privatization (Miller, 2013). In 2013, the American Press published the article titled, Conflict of interest. This article shows how the private, for-profit prison industry is eager to capitalize on their experience of operating prisons. The Corrections Corporation of America is the largest private prison company in the United

Internment Camps Or Prisons: The Struggle Of A Japanese American During World War Ii

1316 words - 6 pages In the middle of WW II, many Americans were worrying about their next meal or about the house payments; however, this wasn’t the case for Japanese Americans. Instead, they were worrying about if they were going to eat and if they were going to have a house due to internment camps. These camps were designed to protect and nurture the Japanese from the American people who were persecuting them. However, these camps did little good beyond that

Private Prisons And Interest Groups Essay

3145 words - 13 pages America and Wackenhut promised design and management innovations without reducing costs or sacrificing quality of service. (1) Many interest groups comprised of correctional officers, labor works, and a few citizen groups strongly oppose the privatization of the prison system. I will identify four of these groups that oppose private prisons, describe what each has sought to accomplish, and how they have gone about it and to what extent they have