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Pro Life Or Pro Choice: Abortion Analyzed Through The Sociological Lens

3055 words - 12 pages

Throughout the course of history, many sociological issues have become relevant throughout Canada. These issues and their effects on society are part of the reason in which things are they way they are today. This research essay examines one of the most controversial sociological issues in all of history: abortion. To begin, a brief history of abortion in Canada is provided. From there, it discusses and analyzes the many laws or lack thereof regarding abortion in Canada. By analyzing the laws and legislation that has been put in place by Canadian government, it is easy to see how people can assume different positions on this topic. Throughout the first section, it also discusses women’s rights regarding birth and their bodies. Secondly, this research essay takes a look at the stigma surrounding abortion and how that has evolved over the years. By examining the way in which people view abortion, it is easier to understand this controversy and why this is such an issue in Canadian society today. As well, we are able to examine the factors that cause such a stigma to still be present, such as religion. The next section discusses the services and programs that are available within Canada for Canadian women. These services could not only represent a bias in the healthcare community but also display a correlation between the distances of women from abortion clinics to the amount of abortions per year. Next, this essay examines the political discourse surrounding abortion and the multiple attempts that have been made to change the abortion laws in Canada. Finally, one of the most important sections of this essay discusses the major impact that abortion and abortion conflicts have on society. By viewing this issue through the sociological lens as well as using the sociological imagination, it becomes clear as to why its effects have become so influential in Canadian society. Overall, this piece of investigative writing examines and discusses the main topics surrounding one of the most popular sociological issues in Canada: abortion.

To begin, a brief history of abortion in Canada is a necessary first step. Abortion became a legalized act in Canada in1969 (Doull 2013, p. 52), with the stipulations that it should only be used for medical reasons. Canada has always been one of the leading supporters of abortion rights and has always been two steps ahead of other countries, especially the United States. As stated in Saurette and Kelly’s Arguing abortion: The new anti-abortion discourse in Canada, they discuss how, since the decade of the 80’s that Canada has had an immeasurable advantage over the United States and their abortion laws (Saurette and Kelly 2013, p.157). This has made Canada one of the leading countries when it comes to human rights. Another example as to why Canada has been a leader in this field, as mentioned in the article Doctors and Demonstrators: How political institutions shape abortion law in the United States, Britain, and Canada,...

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