Pro’s and Con’s of Nationalism
Nationalism was coined back in the 1770’s it has a major role in the shaping many nations throughout the world. Nationalism has many positive and negative aspects to it. Nationalism has the strength to unify people despite their classes. It also has the ability to united people to lead movements against oppressive governments. There is a downside Nationalism can as method to evoke fear. The biggest negative is that most nationalism movement’s inevitably led to some form of conflict. Nationalism is a dangerous movement that can lead to oppression of opposition groups and lead to conflicts.
Nationalism is a sense of strong pride and loyalty of ones nation over other nations. This is different from past beliefs that pride and loyalty rests in religion. Its biggest strength was to cut across the social classes and motivate large groups of people. Stavrianos, 1999) Nationalism developed in the 1770’s gaining major support throughout Europe. The earliest signs of nationalism were found in England during the puritan revolution. England during the time of the revolution was becoming a leading nation scientifically and economically which they thought would change they viewed freedom. John Milton a major writer at the time defined this change in freedom as “celebrated for endless ages as a soil most genial to the growth of liberty.” (Encyclopædia Britannica Online, 2011) The French revolution had a major influence on the development of nationalism. French enlightenment thinker Jean-Jacques Rousseau helped spread nationalism throughout Europe through his works about popular sovereignty where people would give their consent to be governed. (Encyclopædia Britannica Online, 2011) This was the starting point for nationalism forever changing the governments throughout Europe during the period.
The strong point of nationalism is the power to unite people of different classes and ideologies promoting equality. One of the earliest forms of nationalism in the 1700’s in Europe show many of the positives of Europe. Europe during this time was still a feudal society run by an absolute monarchy. With only the monarchy and the nobility with political power the largest part of the populations had not political control over their lives. The idea of nationalism was to make these different classes equal all having the same rights. The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen was a law adopted during the French revolution which was an early example of a human rights declaration. Article one said that all men were born with the rights of Life, Liberty and fraternity. This means that all men were born with rights that could not be violated by the government. Article 6 of the declaration it said that all citizens were able to participate in government activities “All citizens were equal before the law and were to have the right to participate in legislation directly or indirectly.” (Encyclopædia Britannica Online, 2011) Unlike the...