Problem Of Evil Essay

1201 words - 5 pages

During the Belgian colonization of the African Congo in the late nineteenth century, evil was expressed in many ways. Men, women, and children were killed. Many of the men and older boys were put into work extracting rubber, and they were often worked to death. Punishments for wrongdoings could result in limbs being severed. This example of unnecessary and preventable evil raises the “problem of evil” question. If there is a God that is omnipotent and omnibenevolent, how could He allow such things to occur? Many different philosophers throughout history have tried to answer this question. In this paper, I will examine the problem of evil by expounding on the viewpoint of modern philosopher ...view middle of the document...

Hick believes that humans are still in a stage of Creation – that spiritual maturity is not yet complete. Adam was more of child than simply a free-willed person rebelling against God, and the “fall of humanity” was the first step towards divine love and spiritual life. Humans are not yet in the “likeness of God”, and experiencing both love and evil helps in the development of human morality. Hick believes that world was not created to “maximize human pleasure and minimize human pain”, but instead was designed to be a place for human soul making.
Hick would view what happened in the Congo similarly. To him, the pain and suffering experienced there would be another example of evil being required to help bring humanity to spiritual maturity. However, I thoroughly disagree. The Irenaean Theodicy has one core belief that allows the rest of their beliefs to be true: that the fall of man was metaphorical or mythological. Once you believe this to be true, then the rest of the Theodicy has many reasonable and logical arguments. But if you don’t believe the fall of man to be true, then the belief that evil in the world has simply been a vehicle of spiritual development and soul making makes little sense.
The problem with believing that evil being present aids in developing humanity’s spirituality and mortality is that it implies that humanity should be and has been advancing its morals. However, many tenants of human morality have been fairly constant for centuries. Murder without reason and for malice has been immoral for thousands of years in civilized societies. Theft, which certainly can cause suffering, especially to the poor, has also been considering immoral for a very long time. Yet both of these evils still occur, and most people generally detest both. So hated are these evils that some societies put the transgressors to death, or at least imprison them for long periods of time. These evils have existed for long enough if their goal was to help grow humanity’s spirituality, which poses my next question: assuming the conservative Christian view that the Earth, and therefore humanity, is less than ten-thousand years old, one must ask: How far have we aged spiritually? If Hick’s belief is true, we should have seen at least some degree of less evil in the world as humanity advances spiritually from the original creation; as it grows into God’s likeness. However, there is just as much - if not more evil present now in the...

Find Another Essay On Problem Of Evil

The Problem Of Evil Essay

766 words - 3 pages The Problem Of Evil      It is impossible to deny the existence of evil in the world as we as human beings experience pain and suffering every day. It is generally accepted that there are two different types of evil – natural (based on God) and moral (based on humans). Moral evil is caused by human beings and occurs when humans inflict suffering on other people like September 11th, world wars, the Holocaust and other

The Problem of Evil Essay

2216 words - 9 pages The problem of evil is the notion that, how can an all-good, all-powerful, all-loving God exists when evil seems to exist also. The problem of evil also gives way to the notion that if hell exists then God must be evil for sending anyone there. I believe both of these ideas that God can exist while there is evil and God is not evil for sending anyone to hell. I believe hell exists in light of the idea that God is holy and just. The larger is how

The Problem of Evil

2030 words - 9 pages The problem of evil has been a question that philosophers have been trying to answer for centuries. It simply states that if God exists and is perfect and all-powerful then why evil does exist in our world. Two great philosophers named Gottfried Leibniz and Nicolas Malebranche attempt to answer this question with their own unique solutions. Although they both answer the same question they have drastically different views. Specifically, they

The Problem of Evil

1556 words - 7 pages My claim that we have evil in this world because of our libertarian freedom does not fully answer the notion of “the problem of evil”. Saying we have evil in this world is just like saying we have bad decisions in this world. Bad decisions just like evil do not have a form. Every decision that God makes is a good decision therefore God cannot do evil. Human beings initiated evil. In fact, the first human beings (Adam and Eve) gave ongoing birth

The Problem Of Evil

849 words - 3 pages The Problem of Evil raises justifiable doubt to believing in God's existence. The Judeo-Christian view of God is that He is omniscient, omnipotent, and benevolent. This is contrary to the fact that there has been large scale suffering in the past as well as in the world in which we live today. This concept is known as the Problem of Evil and provides to the theory that God does not exist.If God were truly omniscient as the Christian religion

The Problem of Evil

2444 words - 10 pages The Problem of Evil The Judaeo/Christian tradition is founded upon the belief that there exists a supernatural personal being who is the ultimate creator and to which all other beings owe their existence. Three major characteristics are ascribed to this being (God?), that of being wholly good (omnibenevolent), wholly powerful (omnipotent) and all knowing (omniscient). This is the foundation of western religious thought and it is these

The Problem of Evil - 2131 words

2131 words - 9 pages choices because then free will would no longer be free. Born in 1937, Peter Kreeft is a modern philosopher who holds ideas homogeneous to Augustine (Wikipedia). He offers four points to essentially solve the problem of evil. First, we often picture evil in our minds as something that is dark, like a black cloud or grimacing storm. This actually deludes us to believe that evil is a thing. If God is the creator of all good things, then evil would

The Problem of Evil

1043 words - 4 pages philosophies—must wrestle with the problem of evil. We can look all around the world and see what we would clearly label as evil. Many say, therefore, that in addition to the power of God, who is good, there must be a second power at work in the universe: a power of Evil, often personified as the Devil. Traditional Christianity teaches that the Devil is a fallen angel, part of God's creation that went wrong. This makes evil a twofold problem. If

The Problem of Evil

5631 words - 23 pages this tradition, does not exist - for, if He did, He would prevent the evil. This inference is called the Problem of Evil by those who profess one of the religions in the Judaeo-Christian tradition, and their attempts to 'solve' the problem have given rise to a labyrinth of sophistry. Put briefly, the solution most commonly espoused to the Problem of Evil is * Some suffering is caused by others' misuse of their own free-will (as in murder

The Problem of Evil - 1607 words

1607 words - 6 pages God based on the existence of evils. As he indicates, moral and natural evil bear upon human responsibility, which are both obligatory for human wholesomeness. In the event that these propositions don’t fully justify the necessity of evil in the world, Swinburne maintains that humans should rest assured because God will compensate the victims by providing them with an afterlife in which they will have an invaluable and worthwhile existence. Hence, the problem of evil is not a good objection to the existence of God.

The logical problem of evil

622 words - 2 pages The Logical Problem of EvilWe have noted that there are two aspects of the problem of evil: the philosophical or apologetic, and the religious or emotional aspect. We also noted that within the philosophical aspect there are two types of challenges to faith in God: the logical and the evidential.David Hume, the eighteenth century philosopher, stated the logical problem of evil when he inquired about God, "Is He willing to prevent evil, but not

Similar Essays

The Problem Of Evil Essay 2266 Words

2266 words - 9 pages “God whispers to us in our pleasures, speaks to us in our conscience, but shouts in our pains: It is His megaphone to rouse a deaf world” (Lewis, 1994, p. 91). Throughout history man has had to struggle with the problem of evil. It is one of the greatest problems of the world. Unquestionably, there is no greater challenge to man’s faith then the existence of evil and a suffering world. The problem can be stated simply: If God is an all

The Problem Of Evil Essay 911 Words

911 words - 4 pages - goodEvil exists, a plain and simple fact. The argument for the problem of evil (and suffering) proves that fact. The argument for the problem of evil states that there is a all-good, all-powerfulGod. It states that God being all-good means that he only wants good to exist. But, look at all the bad and evil in the world. A total contradiction of a all-good God. God being all-powerful means that he can make whatever he wants. So, if God can make

The Problem Of Evil Essay 2253 Words

2253 words - 9 pages Introduction One of the oldest dilemmas in philosophy is also one of the greatest threats to Christian theology. The problem of evil simultaneously perplexes the world’s greatest minds and yet remains palpably close to the hearts of the most common people. If God is good, then why is there evil? The following essay describes the problem of evil in relation to God, examines Christian responses to the problem, and concludes the existence of God

The Problem Of Evil Essay

1815 words - 7 pages necessarily between this distinction. The problem arises when the point of suffering is questioned. Some argue that there is no point, and the existence of those things is a sign that an omniscient, omnipotent, omni benevolent being is not real. But on the contrary, it's not the case that because there is evil and suffering, there is no God. It is the case, however, that evil and suffering exist, but that God has a reason for everything that happens in