Ever since the turn of the century, when a large portion of the African American population moved from the south to the north, their relationship with police officers has been tenuous at best. Midwestern cities offered jobs in the automobile and steel industries according to Allen the switch from footed patrols to patrol cars coincided with the escalation of police misconduct consequently African American communities never enjoyed the relationship police had with the more white suburban communities (Allen, 2013).
It has been found that police officers usually do not live where they patrol, which has led to more strained relationships and faltering faith in community oriented policing. ...view middle of the document...
Examples can include supply reductions, improving police community relations, and nuisance abatement efforts. Such strategies have generated reduced crime and behavioral issues typically associated with the drug markets in the Chicago area (Corsaro, 2009).
Corsaro also states that problem-oriented policing strategies have been used as successful tools for violence prevention referred to as "pulling levers". "the multistage approach consists of diagnosing a specific crime problem, convening an interagency working group of criminal justice personnel, conducting research to identify patterns of chronic offenders and criminal networks, framing a specific response to law violators that uses a variety of sanctions as a coercive approach to stop continuing illegal behavior, providing social services and community resources to targeted offenders, and directly and repeatedly communicating with offenders so that they understand why they are receiving special attention." (Corsaro, 2009. pp. 1087). By pulling levers Corsaro lays out a method for being able to try and manipulate and attempt to control criminal behavior, while allowing the police to keep an eye on offenders.
The point Corsaro is trying to drive home is the assessment of the pulling levers method and its evaluation as an effective response to open-air drug markets in a particular neighborhood. He comes to the conclusion that although pulling levers method has been put into effect and evaluated on its ability to reduce firearms and violence, its use beyond these things is unknown and more testing on other crimes will need to be conducted. His results provide a look into whether or not this pulling levers method could be a potential viable strategy for stopping open-air drug markets.
Problem-oriented policing requires training in order to be effective. Kenna Quinet attempts to explain the impacts of problem oriented police training the article Training Police: A Case Study of Differential Impacts of Problem-Oriented Policing Training. In her paper she presents the finding of a case study that involves training for lower and higher ranking officials. The findings indicated that there was very little immediate impact from the training, however the progress that was made during the training was in a positive direction (Quinet, 2003).
The training for high ranking officers showed that there were no changes in the views that officers held regarding problem oriented policing and the agencies commitment to it after receiving the training because they already had a positive outlook on the whole thing before the training began. Thus it can be concluded that the training for high ranking officers can be less focused on agency issues (Quinet, 2003). It was also found that higher ranking officers are more likely to agree that a good well trained officer will interact work with the community to determine problems that should be handled within his jurisdiction (Quinet, 2003)