This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Problems With Drinking Water Supplies In Kenya

878 words - 4 pages

Water is a bare necessity both for the survival of an individual and a nation. Freshwater scarcity has become a global concern as the projected worldwide demand on water exceeds supplies. Less developed countries in particular are currently suffering from severe water shortages and water contamination. "…half the population of our "civilized" world suffers today with water services inferior to those of the ancient Greeks and Romans…In many developing countries, cholera, dysentery, and other water related diseases are on the upswing." (Gleick,1999) Kenya, Africa is one such case. Kenya's population is approximately 105,000, with a high infant mortality rate and an average life expectancy of 58. Average water conditions are illustrated in Embu, where only 15% of the population had access to safe water as early as ten years ago. Lack of organized regulation and misuse of available resources threatens drinking water supplies in Kenya; however, work is being done to solve the problem.
Several factors play a part in poor water quality. Kenya has an uneven distribution of water resources. Water systems are highly stressed, including Lakes Victoria, Nakuru, and Naivasha, as well as Rivers Nzoia, Nyando, Turkwell, Kerio, Athi, Voi, Tana, and Ewaso Ng'iro. "Misuse of Kenya's water resources threatens the supply in the next century … consumption of water, both in agriculture and industry, would have greatly outstripped supply by the next century." (http://www.africanews.org, 1997) Many sources, such as Turkana, have salinity levels too high for use. Extensive irrigation from rivers causes water levels to drop allowing more pollutants into water resources. Arid climates in many regions see only 26 -- 48 inches of rain per year, which occurs mainly in violent storms that cause erosion and leaching of nutrients from soil. Most crops are harvested in poor soil and produce low yields, providing inadequate nutrition and food supplies. Poverty and poor education contribute to the problem. Farmers are in very disadvantageous economic conditions to improve their land or equipment. The people of Kenya prove to have very little education on hygiene, bacteria, or water born viruses.
Government inefficiency is contributing to the problem. Although the Kenyan legislature has instituted the National Irrigation Board, the agency is weak and fails to effectively enforce regulations on consumption and pollution. It is estimated that 80% of current water abstractions have no permits and inspectors rarely monitor those that do. Also, Kenya is not a member of any convention that deals with waters shared across national boundaries.
However, government efforts are currently being made to improve the situation in Kenya. The Lake Naivasha Riparian Owner's Association is working on an environmental...

Find Another Essay On Problems With Drinking Water Supplies in Kenya

Producing Drinking Water With Desalination Technology

1826 words - 7 pages , the process has not been a commercial success in the production of fresh water for municipal purposes. At this stage, freeze-desalting technology probably has better application in the treatment of industrial wastes than in the production of municipal drinking water. Along with membrane and freezing purification comes solar humidification. The use of direct solar energy for desalting saline water has been investigated and used for some time

World Crisis: Safe Drinking Water in Africa

1595 words - 7 pages Alex Paiz English 1B-47 C&S 2 rough draft 3/15/14 World Crisis: Safe Drinking Water in Africa Imagine walking over five miles each and every day in order to get water for you and your family, all while not being sure if the water you bring home is 100% safe enough to drink. This is an inevitable decision and problem that the people of Africa face every single day. Their lack of access to safe drinking water causes sickness and death, with

Fluoride in Drinking Water: Is it good?

1418 words - 6 pages Fluoride in drinking water has been a hot topic in the past decade. Some communities are all for it and some are completely against it. With such a range of opinions on the matter some organizations have took it upon themselves to present the pros and cons of the fluoride to the public so they can make informed decisions. Often times these surveys are bias to one side or the other, so I shall be giving information on both sides of the issue, the

Water Shortages in China: Problems and Solutions

1121 words - 4 pages shortage on examples of developed and developing countries and include the diversification of the same issue in the different parts of the world. It will also identify causes and effects of this environmental problem on society and other spheres of life. Moreover, in this essay I am going to propose and select possible solutions for tackling problems caused by water shortage in specific world region as the North and the North-West China. To begin

Water Shortage in India: Problems and Solutions

975 words - 4 pages Water is an integral part of not only human beings but all other creatures in the world. We use it every day for different purposes such as domestic, agricultural and industrial. Water has always been a prestigious resource. However, the majority of people do not appraise water’s worth since they do not face water scarcity; whereas, in third world countries it is one of the most serious problems. Nearly 2.4 billion people have a lack of water

Clean Drinking Water Reduces Death Rates in Developing Countries

2186 words - 9 pages . Sanitation improvements can be made by washing hands with soap and drinking clean water (Cyber 1). Another major disease caused by drinking contaminated water and bad sanitation habits is Cholera. Cholera is a disease of the small intestine. Common symptoms of Cholera are: dry mouth, dry skin, lethargy, dehydration, rapid pulse, sunken eyes, severe diarrhea, and unusual tiredness (AAHC 1). The biggest recorded outbreak of Cholera in the past

Problems with Obesity in America

784 words - 4 pages of packaged foods, and reduced advertising of junk foods and drinks to children. By doing so, it could raise billions of dollars a year for “cash-starved states” and California could bring in 1.5 billion a year with a 1-cent-per-once excise tax on sugar sweetened drinks. Brody’s and other ideas are right because not only do they try and help Americans with their overweight situations, it brings money for food companies and states. In “No

Religion vs magic in dealing with problems

1446 words - 6 pages reassurance to individuals, leading to the conclusion that both belief systems incorporate equally rational ways of dealing with problems. Religion can be seen as an overarching controlling force in the universe that sustains the moral and social order of the people, serving to validate people’s lives. The main purposes of religion function to set a moral code and sense of community and security, to explain misfortunes in life and most importantly, to

Problems with Teen Pregnancy in Oklahoma

1497 words - 6 pages Oklahoma has been ranked number two in teen birth rates according to a Tulsa World article. Teen pregnancy has always been a problem in America. More and more teens are becoming pregnant every day. Most of them can’t afford the expenses of birth control. Others do not know how to prevent it. Teen pregnancy can also cause education problems with the teen. Teen moms are not mature enough to handle raising a kid. Many kids who have parents who were

Treatment of drinking water and the processes used in the Illawarra region. HSC year 12 syllabus

4808 words - 19 pages distribution system. The addition of chlorine to water may result in the formation of compounds known as disinfection by-products. The most commonly known of these compounds are a group called Trihalomethanes. The NHMRC drinking water guidelines require Trihalomethanes to be below 250 micrograms per litre. Sydney Water complies with this guideline.FluoridationIn accordance with the Fluoridation of Public Water Supplies Act 1957, Sydney Water adds

Social Work With People With Substance Problems In Scotland

4071 words - 16 pages problems connected with intoxications, regular heavy drinking, and alcohol dependence which are unique to women because of their physiology.'According to a report by the National Institute on Alcohol/Drug Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) in 1999, women are additional susceptible to alcohol-related organ damage, trauma and social complexity. Women who are heavy drinkers tend to expand liver illness further rapidly than men, and they may be further vulnerable

Similar Essays

Problems With Drinking Water Quality Essay

603 words - 2 pages . Earth is the solar system’s water planet, and two-thirds of its surface is water. Humans are creatures of the earth and we reflect its makeup; our bodies are sixty percent water. The volume of water on the earth remains about what it was in Coleridge’s day; however, with a growing human population come growing demands, especially for potable water.  Ninety-seven percent of the water on Earth is saltwater, and most of the freshwater is locked

Pollution Of Drinking Water Supplies Essay

878 words - 4 pages , along with the over-pumping of rivers and groundwater have caused drinking water quality to decline nationwide. Agricultural run-off has caused chemical pollution that damages the delicate aquatic ecosystems. Industry has been responsible for chemical pollution by dumping toxic wastes into rivers and on land, thus damaging groundwater supplies by allowing toxins to seep through soil into underground reserves. In addition to chemical pollution

Removal Of Inorganic Anions From Drinking Water Supplies By Membrane

1677 words - 7 pages understand based on experimental data. The development of technique for inorganic pollutant removal offers the opportunity for sustainable environment. Hence, the objectives of this research project are addressed to propose for answering the questions above to be envisaged as a new approach used in environmental engineering technology in order to solve the problems of water pollution related to inorganic pollutant. Works Cited Asghar, H. M. a

Providing The World With Drinking Water In The 21st Century

1026 words - 4 pages have adequate supplies of safe drinking water. This essay will outline current and future technologies that will be available to resolve this problem in the coming years. Water covers nearly three quarters of the Earth, yet people still die everyday from the lack of fresh water. How is this possible? Only three percent of the planet’s water is fresh water, and a small amount of that constitutes water not found in snow or ice