Dystopian Society is carved by manipulation of society
Throughout many decades people have been searching for the perfect society in which everyone is happy and prosperous . Many literature and movies has been created to depict the utopia world to enable people to explore and experience the perfect society anyone could wish for. Creating a perfect world is not an easy task and this can be seen in our history . Totalitarian states arise from different countries , Stalin’s Soviet Union , Hitler’s Nazi Germany , Mao’s China . The desire of creating a perfect society can be seen clearly through these incidents. However , there are those who chose to view the society from a more realistic angle , imagining the worst possible society, which brings upon the creation of a counter genre of utopia , namely dystopia. In the books 1984 by George Orwell and Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, both authors depicts a dystopian society which only the reader can notice. Whereas the citizens in the novels see the world as a perfect place to live and only the government can provide what’s best for them. The government in this two societies is seen as the ultimate power and this involves various manipulation methods to create such society , a dystopian society. Both 1984 and Brave New World depicts the idea of a totalitarian government having total control of their people , forcing them to live up to the governments requirements.
In 1984 , Orwell potrays a totalitarian society where people have to live in “ a kind of hysteria ”. Isaac Deutscher describes 1984 as “ a kind of ideological weapon in the cold war ” (Thody 172) . One method that the government uses to have control over their people is manipulation of the human mind. Winston Smith , the main protagonist , is constantly under surveillance . Telescreens and microphones are located everywhere to watch over the citizens of Oceania . Every word and movement is monitored through the telescreens and there are “ always the eyes watching you and the voice enveloping you. Asleep or awake , working or eating , indoors or outdoors , in the bath or in bed- no escape.” ( Orwell 29). The Thought police are the people who monitor the telescreens . “ Thought police plugged in on any individual wire…-in the assumption that every sound you made was overheard” (Orwell 7). To further demonstrate the manipulation of the human mind , the concept of “ doublethink,” is widely used to eliminate individual thinking and the citizens are forced to accept two contradictory ideas in their mind. The perfect example of double think would be "War is Peace," "Freedom is Slavery," "Ignorance is Strength." ( Orwell 6). All these show that the government have complete control of the citizens mind , hence having the ultimate power to manipulate the society.
In the society of Brave New World , citizens of the World State often consumes a drug called soma in order to experience happiness . The drug hallucinates the citizens , hence hiding...