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Creating Motivated Workforce Organisational Behavior And Models.

3944 words - 16 pages

Creating Motivated Workforce - Theories and new modelThe QuestionFinding out what motivates human beings to work is a question asked for a long time and throughout many generations. We spend a significant amount of time at our work place. Our work place is like a second home. A lot in human life is attached to its work place. For example, Living standard, some social relations, emotions etc,. What motivates people and how to motivate people to work effectively towards goal of organisation and be high performer in a high performing organisation is the topic of discussion.Why motivation is an important factor? Research has shown that without motivation to work, people can't deliver productivity, innovation, creativity and commitment for an organisation.Biggest challenge to mangers is to get or try to get people to do their best work towards organisational goals. Organisations are complex places where there are lot factors or forces causes positive or negative impact. For example, leadership style, organisational policies, work environment, organisational culture, rewards, etc.Over the years, numerous theories have been proposed in attempt to capture the various sources of motivation for desired individual behaviour. These theories all propose a set of motivational sources, some arranged in a hierarchy, other viewed as developmental stages. This paper will represent some widely known theories in organisational behaviour with real life industrial examples and impact of other factors. Modern cross-disciplinary research fields like neuroscience, psychology and biology provided new insights. One of the model is based on this which is represented by Harvard professors will also be discussed.Motivational TheoriesMotivational theories look at both aspects of Human behaviour meaning that motivation and demotivation or frustration. Motivational theories are divided into to two main factorsContent or Needs - What makes Human motivated or demotivated? For example, Human needs for food, shelter, social status, esteem, security are considered here.Process Theories - How Humans can be motivated to perform better towards organisational goals. How to align Human motivation to organisational goals is focused here.Employee Motivation - This model presented by Harvard professors and is very useful for modern business world.Content or Needs TheoriesThere are four popular theoriesMaslow's hierarchy of needsAlderfer's modified hierarchy of needs model.Herzberg's two-factor theory.McCelelland's achievement Motivation theory.2.2.1 Maslow's hierarchy Model.Abraham Maslow has developed theory of motivation based on human needs. He believed that humans cannot be controlled by mechanical forces. He focused on Human potential and thrive to reach higher level of their capabilities and what they have. People are looking for next level comfort based on their current situation or standing. Maslow's represented human needs into pyramid and show five main levels of needs. These needs...

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