Profiling In Law Enforcement Essay

971 words - 4 pages

The term profiling is defined as “the use of personal characteristics or behavior patterns to make a generalization about a person”; therefore, this refers to gender profiling. The second part of the definition also states the “use of these characteristics to determine whether a person may be engaged in illegal activity” refers to what is called racial profiling (Dictionary.com, n.d.). Profiling has been used within in law enforcement for a number of years, as it provides informational analysis for solving crimes, but unfortunately over time, profiling has become the focus of race and ethnicity. The intent of profiling was designed as a legitimate tool for law enforcement to utilize for ...view middle of the document...

Racial profiling, along with profiling based on religion, ethnicity, and now profiling of sexual orientation has become widely known in all facets of media from television to social media sites. The use of profiling has taken a turn for the worse for those in the Lesbian, Gay, Bi-Sexual, and Transgender (LGBT) community. Those in law enforcement are now targeting and profiling LGBT during traffic stops, searches, and arrests based on the factors of their sexual orientation; to include their gender, race, and ethnicity (Jealous/The Root & Ritchie/The Root, 2014).
When the tragic events of September 11 occurred, many agencies and departments were targeting religious factions, namely those who were Muslim as part of counterterrorism measures. At the height of the war on terrorism, not only Muslims, but also those who were of Middle Eastern appearance were targeted and profiled as a preemptive measure to prevent future attacks from occurring on American soil (Pal, n.d., p. 119-120). Regardless of how law enforcement profiling is used, it should be done in a manner that only looks at the specific information present and it should follow a format that is isolated to a specific nature.
The idea behind profiling revolves around the psychological background of a particular person or persons of interest and this evaluation normally encompasses multiple analyses to arrive to certain key factors. The first step is the profiling input, which involves the collecting and assessing of the evidence involving the case. This can be from photographs, autopsy reports, and other information pertinent to the investigation. The decision process model consists of arranging and classifying all the information from stage one into a logical pattern as this identifies the number of victims of criminals involved because of the crime. Crime assessment reconstructs the series of events that took place at the crime scene as this specifically focuses on the behaviors of both victims and the criminals involved. The...

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