This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Profiling In Law Enforcment Essay

1583 words - 6 pages

Profiling in Law Enforcement

In 1931, a fight occurred on a train traveling through Alabama between African American and Caucasian boys. When the police arrived they “arrested nine of the black boys riding on the train, aged 12 to 19 years old, while the white boys were all let go. A few weeks later, Two white females claimed that they were gang raped while on the train. All nine defendants claimed innocence. Eight of the nine were convicted and sentenced to death by an all white jury. Their appeals would last over 20 years. On retrial, one of the rape victims testified that the rape was fabricated. However, the all-white juries again returned guilty verdicts” (Grimsley, 2013). Stereotyping or profiling in the investigation, prevention and persecution of crimes has had a very long history in the United States. The dispute over race, gender and socio economic profiling by law enforcement has created numerous problems for law enforcement agencies and the communities that are affected. Profiling by police is a method of investigation that “targets people for suspicion of a crime by either their gender, socioeconomic stating, ethnicity, religion, race or national origin” (National Institute of Justice [NIJ], 2013). Profiling, in this nature, can lead law enforcement officials to generalize about specific groups and act based upon that generalization rather than individual behavior. Profiling based on a certain criteria can cause several problems. The police-citizen relations, in communities where profiling has been an issue, can been severely damaged. This creates difficulty in police related work. Even though officers are trained extensively on ways to avoid employing discriminatory thoughts or belief while on duty, they still react on culturally formed prejudices and perform in lieu with their personal perceptions of certain individual's characteristics.
Profiling on basis of an individual's race is one of the most commonly practiced form of discrimination in law enforcement agencies. Profiling by racial makeup target certain individuals of different race for investigation of crime and enforcement of law. This alienates certain communities from their police departments, which greatly affect community policing efforts while causing police departments to lose trust as well as credibility among the citizens who they are sworn to protect and serve. Racial profiling has caused huge amounts of individuals to live a life of fear. It also formed a complex system of policing which identifies entire groups and communities as suspects. Racial standing still is used as a form of criminal profiling in the United States. One study showed that “during 2006-2007, the Arizona state highway patrol was significantly more likely to stop African Americans and Hispanics than Whites on all the highways studied, while Native Americans and persons of Middle Eastern descent were more likely to be stopped on nearly all the highways studied.” “The highway patrol was...

Find Another Essay On Profiling in Law Enforcment

racial profiling Essay

596 words - 3 pages Racial profiling has been a common controversy between law enforcement and communities, specifically those of a minority population. This activity has been ultimately allowed by federal and state governments as they benefit from the aid in pinpointing or otherwise targeting criminals or illegal aliens. Furthermore, racial profiling has become more of a commonly encountered practice especially after the September 11 attacks. Racial profiling is

Criminal Profiling: Real Science of Just Wishful Thinking

2451 words - 10 pages Criminal profiling is an investigative technique used by many law enforcement agencies notably the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) in the analysis of elusive criminals through studying their criminal profiles. Profiling is usually done on basis of the type and nature of crime. Usually studies are conducted as to the offenders whereabouts and occupation before, during and after a particular crime was committed. After this, evidence is then

An Argument Against Racial Profiling by Police

1612 words - 6 pages that individual’s race or ethnicity. Racial profiling propels a brutalizing message to citizens of the United States that they are pre-judged by the color of their skin rather than who they are and this then leads to assumptions of ruthlessness inside the American criminal justice system. With race-based assumptions in the law enforcement system a “lose-lose” situation is created due to America’s diverse democracy and destroys the ability to keep

Does Racial Profiling Actually Occur

1753 words - 7 pages The concern about racial profiling is erupting throughout the nation. Many cities and states have decided to study racial profiling, or how race and ethnicity may play a part in traffic stops by law enforcement in their jurisdictions. There seems to be a generally accepted understanding of what profiling is. Profiling is the law-enforcement practice of scrutinizing certain individuals based on characteristics thought to indicate a likelihood of

Racial Profiling - Driving While Arabic (DWA)

1551 words - 6 pages What is racial profiling? According to Robert M. Franklin, the Presidential Distinguished Professor of Social Ethics at Emory University, it is ?Trying to assess and predict the behavior, motives, and character of other law-abiding people based on their physical appearance?. In 1999, former President Bill Clinton said of racial profiling, ?Racial profiling is in fact the opposite of good police work, where actions are based on hard facts, not

An Argument Against Racial Profiling

1109 words - 4 pages discriminatory, but offering a recollection of visual evidence to help assist law enforcement and forensic psychologists identify and locate a criminal. Not using such evidence in an attempt to locate and apprehend a criminal is negligent. Works Cited "Racial Profiling: Definition." The American Civil Liberties Union. Web. 18 June 2015. Derbyshire, John. "In Defence of Racial Profiling." 2001

Racial Profiling in Canada

1222 words - 5 pages have been racially profiled (Canadian Press, 2013). The Case for Racial Profiling The primary argument in favour of racial profiling is that of risk management (Ismaili, 2011, p.97). In other words, racial profiling of black Canadians is a necessary evil used as intelligence based law enforcement to combat a racial community that is overrepresented in criminal offending (Bahdi, Parsons, & Sandborn, 2009). It should be noted, however

Criminal Profiling: Does it Really Work?

1866 words - 8 pages criminal profiling needs to be done to further prove its validity and reliability. Investigators should realize that although profiling is not 100% accurate, a profile can help reduce a list of suspects and help to eliminate those that are not suspects (Egger, 1999). By working with law enforcement, analyzing crime scenes, and gathering information criminal profilers assist in narrowing down offender lists. Criminal profilers maintaining

The Good and Bad of Racial Profiling

1486 words - 6 pages , discrinmatory, and ineffective. Eventhough statistics say otherwise racial profiling is actually a good way to determine if a person is a suspect or not. Because of hard statistical evedence that shows young black and hispanic men commiting disproportionate numbers of crime. The crimes mostly happen in Urban neighborhoods or rural areas. If an unidentified ethniciy enters a surburban area it will arouse suspcioun to law enforcer because that

Racial Profiling in Today's Society

1827 words - 7 pages profiling may seem more prevalent in today’s society, but in reality has been a part of American culture since the days of slavery. According to Tracey Maclin, a professor at the Boston University School of Law, racial profiling is an old concept. The historical roots “can be traced to a time in early American society when court officials permitted constables and ordinary citizens the right to ‘take up’ all black persons seen ‘gadding abroad

Constitutional Law: Racial Profiling

1774 words - 7 pages There are several controversial issues surrounding racial profiling and the various problems that are encountered as a result of it. One issue is whether or not racial profiling exists. Most law enforcement departments refuse to undergo a study and they deny that racial profiling exists. These problems, coupled with the status of literature regarding this topic at this point, are more unreliable than scientific. In addition, the topic is

Similar Essays

Profiling In Law Enforcement Essay

971 words - 4 pages The term profiling is defined as “the use of personal characteristics or behavior patterns to make a generalization about a person”; therefore, this refers to gender profiling. The second part of the definition also states the “use of these characteristics to determine whether a person may be engaged in illegal activity” refers to what is called racial profiling (, n.d.). Profiling has been used within in law enforcement for a

How Racial Profiling Led To The Death Of Trayvon Martin

1002 words - 5 pages feel that it protects the community from harm. These opponents argue that racial profiling is apart of law enforcements duty and they will try and find some cases in which racial profiling has been successful. However, racial profiling defeats the theory of innocent until proven guilty. Whether it is a police or a person of the community, their choice to racial profile is based off personal prejudice. A person may not be a threat to society

Racial Profiling In Canada Essay

1265 words - 5 pages There is dispute regarding what defines racial profiling. Critics ask Is it racist, or is a necessary part of law enforcement. Racial profiling is identified by Adele Cassola in her article as unjust whereas Denyse Coles argues that racial profiling is necessary and is not considered racism. According to the Ontario Human Rights Commission “Racial profiling is based on stereotypical assumptions because of one’s race, colour, ethnicity, etc

Criminal Profiling Essay

570 words - 2 pages IntroductionIn order to identify the unique characteristics of the criminal's personality a process is followed which is known as criminal profiling. Criminal profiling plays a crucial and significant role in deterring and combating criminal behavior and activity. This process is used to evaluate and investigate criminal activity by adopting a proactive and dynamic approach. Criminal profiling provides a valuable tool for law enforcement