This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Progress In Human Settlements: The Inequality Of Globalization

2072 words - 8 pages

INTRODUCTION
Human settlements have undergone thousands if not millions of years of evolution, change and conflicts. According to Johnson & Earle (2000, p. 54) human foragers began spreading throughout the world over two million years ago. Maintaining their subsistence by gathering wild berries and hunting animals, this group became the first “affluent society” (Johnson & Earle, 2000, p. 54). A major cause of this affluence was the low population density and the ratio of wild food to the human population.
Because of the low population density and the reliance on cooperation and familial-level ties, there was very little social and economic stratification in these early foraging societies. This contrasts highly with human settlements of present day. Many world cities today have high levels of stratification, often with high rates of unemployment or underemployment. Even comparing human settlements of today to those within the last century one can witness the intensifying distance between those at the top strata and those in the bottom.
The question then arises: Have human settlements made progress over time in human settlements? What is progress? Is it fair to compare human settlements thousands of years apart, as technology has intensified exponentially over the span of human societies? This paper will attempt to address these issues. With a focus on the growing inequality between strata across the globe, a conclusion is made that progress has not been made in human settlements.
Using the example of an uncompleted high-rise skyscraper (referred to as the “Tower of David”) in Caracas, Venezuela, the effects of globalization and other factors will be examined. Globalization as well as the dominance of the global city network has led to the extreme “ghettoization” of this once multi-million dollar skyscraper “meant to be an emblem of Venezuela’s entrepreneurial mettle” (Romero & Diaz, 2011).
WHAT IS PROGRESS?
According to the Oxford American Dictionary, progress is defined as “forward or onward movement toward a destination; advance or development toward a better, more complete, or more modern condition.” Progress is not a purely objective term, however, especially when using it to describe human settlements. What constitutes a “better, more complete” society?
Progress must not be confused with the term evolution. Beinhocker (2006, p. 452) points out “there is nothing in evolution that guarantees progress.” The only thing that can objectively be said about progress according to Beinhocker is that evolution almost always leads to more complexity. This added complexity to human settlements accounts for much of the stratification and economic wealth disparities found throughout the history of human settlements.
Combining the dictionary definition along with Beinhocker’s opinion of evolution bringing about complexity (not necessarily progress), a new benchmark will be used in order to determine whether or not progress has been made through human...

Find Another Essay On Progress In Human Settlements: The Inequality of Globalization

First European Settlements in the New World

1119 words - 5 pages Colonial Style As the name suggests, the Colonial Style is reminiscent of the first European settlements in the New World. The colonists fashioned their new homes in the style of their homelands; French, Spanish, Dutch, German. The biggest influences came from the British Isles and became known as the Colonial Georgian style. Over time the Colonial style became a distinct feature of American architecture, with each region interpreting it in

The human race being a work in progress

794 words - 3 pages Human beings are all born with the ability to reason, reflect and progress in life. There are more general senses of progress, ones without goals clearly defined. For instance, when we talk about how humans are doing as a species, the term "progress" usually finds its way into the conversation sooner or later. Through education, morals and beliefs, and the media, humans are capable of reaching their highest potential. This will help humanity

Human Progress in the Twentieth Century Despite Two World Wars

1198 words - 5 pages The world in the 20th century went through the destruction of World War I and World War II and the hazard of a nuclear war in the course of the Cold War and coped to revolutionize themselves with essential developments within their societies. The world, as a whole, has advanced more than it has suffered during the turbulent 20th century because of the advancements of innovations and human right, despite the demolition of the two World Wars

The Triangle of Human Progress: Society, Technology, and Morality

988 words - 4 pages The interplay between the needs of society, the implications of society using technology on a wide scale, and the role of morality all play a role in defining human progress. The goal is to balance each in order to create a sustainable future. A sustainable future involves using resources and creating an environment that can sustain future generations. However, it is clear that the current triangle of human progress is an unsustainable

The Unintended Consequences of Progress in Treatment

760 words - 4 pages Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is hard work and part of that has to do with the distress progress can sometimes create in a family system. Yeah, that's right. We're going to look at how CBT can potentially impact a family from a systems perspective. Why? Because I'm to therapy what Ninjas are to martial arts. Actually, that's not true - I feel really guilty about neglecting the blog since getting a PS4 and Killzone Shadowfall, so I forced

Banning Progress in the World of Swimming

704 words - 3 pages primarily harming themselves because each six-hundred-dollar suit purchased funds the lucrative world of owning swimming organizations which are sponsored by the suit makers. (Speedo, Arena, Blue 70). These concepts all depict the unreasonable nature of the bans.Progress in sports should never be suppressed. Taking away progress is taking away balance which holds the athletic world together. Every athlete is emotionally bonded to his or her piece of

Human Gene Therapy: A Revolution in Progress

1095 words - 5 pages the blood cells. Dr. Andersen sent the vector to the adenosine deaminase, so the normal gene could enter it (“Gene Therapy,” n.d.). It was a successful experiment. The advantages and disadvantages of gene therapy Some of the many human gene therapy experiments have successfully treated genetic diseases. Therefore, it is considered to be a significant breakthrough in medicine. For example, scientists have used gene therapy on leukemia patients

The Inequality of Women in the Workplace

2399 words - 10 pages ). Unfortunately, females are still treated unfairly due to dramaturgy, or patriarchy. Basically men have had in the past, and somewhat still do, have the most power, prestige and domination in our society. Taken from a feminist article, "gender inequality stems from a sexist and patriarchal structuring of the division of labor" (Ritzer, 2001. p.1). It is here, that the two theories, feminism and dramaturgy, somewhat intertwine, basing the education aspect

the progress of man

854 words - 4 pages keep kingdoms under control. Yehuda Amichai is a poet who experienced firsthand what war really looks like. Upon closely reading several of Yehuda Amichai’s poems a set of motifs develop motifs that paint vivid pictures of human suffering caused by war; motifs that develop into themes of religion and God’s mercy towards the malevolent nature of man. Religion is a big part of Amichai’s poetry it is almost always present in his poems in one form or

Importance of Storytelling To Human Progress

922 words - 4 pages the best ways if taking them - naturally came into play. Before long, such activities as storytelling and playing (ritual and drama) have come to the attention of human communities around the world. Storytelling and its dramatic counterpart – playing, have becomes essential to our progress as the species. In the 1920s Mikhail Bakhtin, a Russian philosopher of culture, named the “patron of the humanities in the 1990s) also introduced his theory

The Prevalence of Inequality in Sports

1248 words - 5 pages about the abundance of issues that sports face; issues that keep sports from being what we want it to be- free from malicious intent and more along the lines of a peaceful collaboration perpetuated by authentic equality; coming together to proclaim our love for the game. Inequality, for example, is an issue inhibiting that peaceful collaboration. In this essay, I plan to explore two types of inequality that are associated with sports- racial and

Similar Essays

The Pursuit Of Human Progress Essay

2062 words - 9 pages History in textbooks today is not the same as it was several years ago. Revisionism is the support of ideas and beliefs that go against accepted ideas and try to change them in, what may be, a dishonest or incorrect way. In America, textbooks have been revised to change the way we see popular political figures and major events. Since President Johnson signed the Freedom of Information Act in 1966, Americans have been made more aware of the

The Progress Of Human Rights Reform In Turkey

1901 words - 8 pages The Progress of Human Rights Reform in Turkey Throughout the last half-century of American politics, the Presidents of the United States have been more susceptible to public attack and scorn than ever before in our history. Through events such as Nixon's Watergate, Clinton's impeachment, and the Bush wars the public has voiced scathing criticism of our national leaders without fear of personal harm. People in America know that they

European Settlements And The Decline Of Indian Power In America

1593 words - 6 pages European Settlements and the Decline of Indian Power in America What today is the state of Virginia used to be Native American lands. The Indians claim that God had given them the right to own and settle those lands. The problem as we have seen in class is the Europeans such as the Spanish and English came and took over the Native American land in the name of the King and /or Queen. They invaded their territory, and destroyed their culture

The Human Cost Of Globalization Essay

1374 words - 5 pages happy worker and I also don't think the benefits of globalization justify the mistreatment of employees and risking their well being for profits. Works Cited Duhigg, Charles, and David Barboza. "In China, Human Costs Are Built Into an iPad." NYTimes. The New York Times, 25 Jan. 2012. Web. 30 Oct. 2013. . Ehrenreich, Barbara