Progress Towards Development In Kenya Essay

2823 words - 11 pages

Kenya is a former British colony that is located on the Eastern part of Africa.  The administrative capital of Kenya is Nairobi and is one of the most diversified cities in East Africa. Other major cities in Kenya include the port of Mombasa, Kisumu, Nakuru and Eldoret, all of which play an important role in Kenya's march toward economic growth and development through the provision of administrative functions. Kenya is one of the important and rather developed countries. If we talk about South-East African region, it is currently striving for their development in social and economic sector and other various areas as well, but it required intensive efforts in right dimension at right time. Various organizations local and global have been supporting Kenya in its development process. Here we cater the social and economic problems, issues, progress in Kenya and their remedies. There are various factors, which influence both social and economical sector such as, environmental (internal and external both), regional issues, etc. Kenya’s Economic Crisis In the early eighties, Kenya was regarded as one of the fairly stable countries in East Africa, but those times are far-gone and the current economic situation is appalling. Kenya's greatest shortcoming is due to a shortage of people with the creative capacity and power to set a long-term development process in motion. With an illiteracy rate of 21.9 percent, a substantial proportion of the Kenyan population is denied that technical know-how that is becoming more and more important in today's world of complex and dynamic technology. In order for a labor force to be more productive, more of a country's people need to be highly educated. The structure of both the formal and informal institutions, and the character of their enforcement define the incentives and the economic and growth opportunities of a country. There are clear evidences that the formal and informal institutions in this country are hampering economic growth and development. The few educated with the intellect and power is complaining that their efforts are being hampered by cumbersome rules and regulations (its formal institution). Some communities in Kenya have customs that do not allow women to go to school, and this has been a major contributor to the growing rate of illiteracy that has been experienced in this country. This is clearly a fault in the informal institution.  As a remedy, certain educational measures are being taken to strengthen these 'rules of the game' that are a hindrance to economic growth and development The donor community is also blaming the government for poor economic policies and its engagement in wasteful prestige projects. As an example, many people in Kenya were dissatisfied by the proposal of some members of parliament who wanted the President to be allocated funds to buy a private jet that would have cost the government a fortune. Many critics argued that this would be a wasteful undertaking, given the...

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