The act of balancing progression with conservation in third world countries requires a certain period of time. This should be the vision of all developing countries and it is not difficult to be achieved if all parties are willing to put in an effort. For sure this process is not going to be of immediate effect in the midst of this rampant industrial development and economic progression among third world countries in the 21st century. (“The Economy Vs. Environment Debate,” n.d.)
There seemingly appears to be conflict between the act of progressing in terms of development and conservation. Our world has been rapidly changing over the past decade. This is due to the fact that the Industrial Revolution took place towards the end of the 18th century, covering the span of the early 19th century. (“The Economy Vs. Environment Debate,” n.d.)
The Industrial Revolution involved new manufacturing processes and the transition from manual hand production and handling methods into mechanized and automated with the help of machines. The birth of machines and factories give rise to mass production, which eventually led to various environmental threat. (“The Industrial Revolution and Its Impact on Our Environment | Eco Issues,” n.d.) Other significant change includes the drastic conversion from an agrarian and rural society into an industrial society, improved transportation systems with the invention of steam engines as well as the emerging industrial materials of iron and textiles. Machines invented were more purposeful and aid in many manufacturing processes led to a significant increased in the standard of living of certain levels of the society. However, it caused unpleasant employment and exploitation of the working class and the peasants. (“Industrial Revolution,” n.d.)
Picture: Industrial Revolution
Adapted from: (“Google Image Result for http,” n.d.)
Pollution had become a major problem during the Industrial Revolution as the western countries at that time are too busy constructing new buildings, inventing more heavy machines for manufacturing purposes and massive urbanization. Large amounts of sulphur dioxides and nitrogen oxides were released into the atmosphere via the burning of coal. This brought about serious effects of acid rain during that time. There was an increased in pneumonic diseases. Rivers and canals were very much polluted too as waste and sewage was not properly treated and directly channelled into streams and rivers. The quality of health of the people living at those times were jeopardise. In addition to that, the working conditions were very dirty, wages of workers were very low and many children and women were forced to work for long hours. The poor hygiene led to outbreak of many diseases. Cholera was a major outbreak during the Industrial Revolution. Britain was hit by repeated outbreaks of Cholera and typhoid through polluted water source. Apart from that, tuberculosis was also one of the major killer in industrialized...