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Project Management Essay

2385 words - 10 pages

Introduction and SummaryA project is a collection of activities and tasks, designed to achieve a goal with a definite beginning and an end, keeping a track of cost and time (Hartley, 2009). And project management is the management of activities and tasks under a lot of complex conditions which is accompanied by certain levels of complexity and interdependencies (Robinson & Richards, 2009). For the success of a project, the project managers' are usually the key factors because the entire process, from starting till the delivery of the project is handled by the project manager with consecutive communication, within and outside the team. Brenner (2007) claims that a manager can successfully complete the project within the set time line and budget and also keeping in mind client satisfaction, if he has a team that enjoys work and support each other. For example the eCRM project, where the main development of the project was to be handled at the North American headquarters and the inputs were provided by other countries. The scope management was completely taken care at the headquarters. But this project failed to initiate or take a start. The main barrier for success of this project was communication; the projects progress was not communicated on a regular basis and the reason for employees to be under confident. There was serious communication gap between the teams globally (McLaughlin, 2010). Another example for lack of communication is where Ford and Bridgestone Firestone lost billions of dollars because they did not coordinate the design of tires with the vehicle design (Sosa, Eppinger & Rowles, 2007). This essay would go on to discuss the importance of project management and the stages of a project to the development and the role of project managers' throughout the process and the boundaries across which the project manager must communicate for successful project management and the potential barriers to success.Project management and stages of projectZdanyte and Neverauskas (2011, p. 1014) defines project management as "the application of knowledge skills, tools and techniques to project activities in order to meet or exceed stakeholder needs and expectations from the project". Most of the literatures argue that the projects that are delivered are either over budgeted or late or are not as per the needs of the clients. In general a simple project has four stages initiating, planning, executing and terminating and each of these stages comprises of one or more stage ending deliverables that must be accepted and approved, before going ahead with the next stage. All projects have stages and an intelligent manager will understand and analyse the stage and then plan. However many industries have special demands at certain stages, it is at this time that the project manager needs to enhance his leadership responsibilities (Gudarzi & Chegin, 2011). Procaccino and Verner (2009) states that, it is necessary to include or communicate with the...

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