Project management is a process of guiding a project from its beginning, through its performance stages and onto its closure. Before work can commence, the project must be planned, timeframes and budgets have to be allocated, and each phase has to be detailed. Initially, the Project Scope is defined and the appropriate methods for completing the project are determined. Projects serve a purpose to achieve results in a business and are (or should be!) short term but as most projects have unexpected challenges such as delays and changes to plan.
A project is a systematic operation and has 5 procedural steps which cannot change-Conception of ideaDefinition of project, develop itStart, team formationPerform the workClosure of projectWe all use project management every day without recognizing it, planning a dinner party? This would be a project, and if the reader thinks about that, using the five steps above, a correlation can be made. Even making a cup of tea is a project, simple as it sounds but it is, again using the above steps the reader knows that a cup of tea can only be made in a particular way, it is a systematic project!.
A project is created for a specific need, it would have been initiated by the person who highlighted the need or a concept in the first instance that could be anyone with influence, upper managers, dept heads or even the MD himself, and it is this which gets the ball rolling, so to speak. Of course failure has to be mentioned in this report, if a project is planned correctly however, then the risk of failure diminishes, therefore an actual plan is vital to success. The plan has to be a formal, approved document used to guide both project execution and project control. In project terms what is risk? To cite Portny he says that `you may not achieve your product schedule or resource targets because something unexpected occurs or something planned doesnt occur`. However, it is a risk factor that gives way to a risk being realized as it is this which increases the likelihood.
CONTENTSPAGE 2 SUMMARYPAGE 4 INTRODUCTIONPAGE 5 MAIN FINDINGSPROJECT MANAGEMENT PAGE 5 9PROJECT RISK PAGE 9 10PAGE 10 CONCLUSIONSPAGE 10 RECOMMENDATIONSPAGE 11 BIBLIOGRAPHYINTRODUCTIONThis reports aim is to give the reader an overview of what project management is about and the processes within it that can either spell success or failure.
Project management is a process of guiding a project from its beginning, through its performance stages and onto its closure, the project also includes three basic but crucial operations within it PlanningOrganisingControllingMoreover, it is important to mention to the reader that to implement and then guide a project to a positive conclusion requires three more vital aspects InformationCommunicationCommitmentFurthermore the writer must guide the reader at the outset, from the notion that other terms such as Programs and Processes are the same as a Project,...