1.INTRODUCTIONTeams are a part of everyone's life. You're a member of a family team, an extension staff team, and church, school, and community teams. As a result, there is a need for teamwork; organizations are confronted with increasingly complex problems with many dimensions. For example, the energy problem has implications for extension programming in agriculture, family living, community development and youth development programs for both rural and urban people. (Dyer, 1997 p. 139) So it's appropriate that people try to understand how to function effectively as team members.
Many organizations in today's society focus on teamwork. This is largely due to the complexity of organizational environments and the need for change as jobs become larger than one person can handle. A team is a small group of individuals embedded in an organization who have the same common goal and work toward this goal in a joint effort. This may be a small organization where everyone is a team to a larger organization where there are many teams. Teamwork is achieved through the successful building of the team, the team process and the team dynamics.
The objective of this paper to discuss the importance of teams that centered around team development,team roles,managers responsibilities, and also the core dynamics that drive an effective team for successful projects.
2.DIFFERENTIATION OF THE TEAM FROM THE GROUPA team is a group of people coming together to collaborate. This collaboration is to reach a shared goal or task for which they hold themselves mutually accountable. A group of people is not necessarily a team. A team is a group of people with a high degree of interdependence geared towards the achievement of a common goal or completion of a task...it is not just a group for administrative convenience. A group, by definition, is a number of individuals having some unifying relationship.
Team members are deeply committed to each other's personal growth and success. That commitment usually transcends the team. A team outperforms a group and outperforms all reasonable expectations given to its individual members. That is, a team has a synergistic effect...one plus one equals a lot more than two.
Team members not only cooperate in all aspects of their tasks and goals, they share in what are traditionally thought of as management functions, such as planning, organizing, setting performance goals, assessing the team's performance, developing their own strategies to manage change, and securing their own resources.
3.THE IMPORTANCE OF EFFECTIVE TEAMSTeamwork has taken on added importance as organizations move to cross-functional teams to improve effectiveness. Cross-functional teams enhance the rapidity with which the organization innovates and adapts to changes in the marketplace. Previously, the discussion centered on dynamics that drive effective team, now the discussion will move toward what dynamics or lack thereof, that comprise ineffective teams. The ability...