Promise V. Reality Of Equal Opportunity

1552 words - 7 pages

The history of the United States is littered with exclusionary methods that create complex webs of structural racism that have persisted from the times of indentured servitude and slavery to the modern day. During the 1970s specifically the practice of redlining was in full swing, and many people of color were forced to work unskilled or semi-skilled jobs due to widespread workplace discrimination. These structures serve to create obstacles to the success of minorities, those not traditionally considered to be ‘white’. Generations of people of color have been affected as they are continually denied access to better education, higher paying jobs, and even legal citizenship. One particular example is Justice Sonia Sotomayor, whose memoir My Beloved World details her experiences as the first generation daughter of working class Puerto Rican immigrants. Rather than being seen for her vast accomplishments in high school, at Princeton University, and as a United States Supreme Court Justice, she has had to battle assumptions made about her character and the path to her success that cause her to be racialized as lazy and therefore unworthy of achievement; assumptions that are solely based on her race, class, and gender. Despite the promises made by the United States to provide equal opportunities for all its citizens, many minorities are still subject to the ideology that they are lazy, undeserving, poor, and inferior purely because of their race, as shown in Sonia Sotomayor’s interactions with her school nurse and a shopkeeper in an upscale store. Regardless, members of these historically disparaged minorities reveal contradictions as they strive to overcome the racism they must face every day yet are still faced with discrimination in both private educational spaces as well as public social ones.
Early in her memoir, Sonia’s conversation with her school nurse reveals the contradictions that minorities, such as Puerto Rican-Americans in the 1970s, are seen as undeserving purely because of their non-white heritage even though they work just as hard, if not harder, as ‘white people’ to achieve success in education and the workplace. Towards the end of her high school career, Sonia decides to apply to Ivy League colleges, including Princeton, despite her counselor’s advice to apply to less prestigious local parochial schools where she would be almost guaranteed admittance. She ends up being accepted to Princeton, which draws shock rather than congratulations from many faculty members at her school. The nurse is particularly confrontational and almost hostile when she learns of Sonia’s achievement. She questions her success in an “accusatory tone” meant to illicit “shame”. The nurse refuses to recognize Sonia’s stellar grades, her involvement in various extracurricular activities, and her mature work ethic (Sotomayor 102). She is assuming that Sonia was only accepted as a result of affirmative action and is somehow inferior or less deserving of her...

Find Another Essay On Promise v. Reality of Equal Opportunity

Brown Vs. Board Of Education Essay

1214 words - 5 pages , schooling, and housing. It pounced on the opportunity to have a legal battle with the white dominated public schools of America. For years, the NAACP had attempted to stop this sinister way of life through court cases. Until Brown v. Board, the many attempts had proved unsuccessful. The head of the NAACP, Thurgood Marshall, figured that with Linda Carol Brown, they had the greatest possible chance of winning the court case and upsetting the former

Descriptive Essay

1144 words - 5 pages Work Act 2009 (cth) State Equal Opportunity Act 1982. Fiar Work Act 1994 Occupational Health and Wlefare Act 1987 Workers REhabilitaion and Compensation Act 1986 reference list on a separate page after conclusion use Harvard Style of referencing ONLY do not use foot-notes print word count at the end of your assignment (conclusion). MUST USE HARVARD REFERENCING SYSTEM: This must be pr�cis. If

The Evolution of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and Human Rights in Canada

2009 words - 8 pages , the ability to treat certain individuals, groups, or persons differently in order to ensure equal treatment, not identical treatment. In fact, section 15. (2) was included due to cases such as Lavell v. Canada and Bliss v. Canada, which illustrated the ineffectiveness of the Bill of Rights (2009). The mentioned sections would later influence the definition and interpretation of equal treatment in Canada, as exemplified by Supreme Court Cases.The

Changing America One Step at a Time: Brown V. Board of Education

1993 words - 8 pages the African American community. Organizations such as the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, or the NAACP, began to gain ground. Principally, the rate of growth in the south was soaring, reaching nearly 400,000 members(“Beyond Brown: Pursuing the Promise”). Change was slow to occur in the United States, but in 1954, the Brown V. Board of Education supreme court case would not only change public education in America, but

Offer and Acceptance in the Courts

1908 words - 8 pages invitations to treat Partridge v Crittenden (1968) [4]. An invitation to treat is an invitation to commence negotiations. It is known as an invitation to mark an offer. Offers must consist of a specific promise to be bound providing certain terms are accepted. However, an advertisement is normally considered mere attempts to induce offers and cannot be considered offers themselves. The policy behind this distinction is clear to

Civil Rights Movement: A Move for Equality

1626 words - 7 pages American Negroes is such an issue.” (Lyndon B. Johnson's Special Message to the Congress: The American Promise). Having equal rights for American Negroes is an issue because African Americans were treated as if they did not exist just because of the color their skin. African Americans were segregated from whites simply because they looked different; and there would even be consequences for the ones that did not follow the rules of the law. Some

The Removal of An Obstruction of Justice

990 words - 4 pages Amendments of the Constitution were supposed to end racial segregation, injustices were still being implemented especially in the Southern states. In a 1954 U.S. Supreme Court decision, Brown v. Board of Education, the court ruled that racially segregated schools were unconstitutional. The court based its decision on the Equal Protection clause of the 14th Amendment, which applies the standard of equality to the actions of the states as well as the

Racism in Relation to Education

2043 words - 8 pages ). However Brown v. Board of Education appealed within Supreme Court, a collection of cases represented by Thurgood Marshall to question the equality education, would become a milestone to legally overturn such a phrase (McBride). Racial segregation violated the Constitution's Equal Protection Clause since the city's black and white schools were not equal to each other in comparison of funding, structurally, and etc. Under the residing Chief Justice Earl

Brown vs. The Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas

1205 words - 5 pages of black individuals (Removing a Badge of Slavery: The Record of Brown v. Board of Education pp.2). This was reality, however, some white people saw things differently, they thought that the back people were favored by the court system. Even a justice in this case knew that this was not at all true. This man's name was Justice John Marshall Harlan. In an emotional plea to the people of America he wrote:"...It is, I submit, scarcely just to say

Baldwin and The Little Rock Nine

2341 words - 9 pages American Negro, whose history is just as American as his white counterpart’s. The importance of these histories as being one combined “American history” is integral to the healing process between the two races. The 1954 Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court decision is a landmark event for blacks and whites alike, and the events following three years later in Little Rock, Arkansas mark the beginning of a long journey to fulfill the promise

The Court Case that Changed the World: Brown v. Board of Education

1369 words - 6 pages shining star in history. Not only were the causes of the court case important, but the court decision made in Brown v. Board of Education has a far reaching effect which affects us even today. There were several causes which led up to Brown v. Board of Education. One of the most notable is the decision of another court case, Plessy v. Ferguson. Although it is stated in the Constitution that “All men are created equal” it was not until the Civil War

Similar Essays

Hrm Equal Opportunity Policies Can Be Seen As An Attempt To Eradicate Consideration Of Social Differences From Organizational Decision Making Using Bureaucratic Means”

1243 words - 5 pages The primarily responsible for implementing and managing diversity and equality of opportunity in the workplace rests with-in the line managers or the line management of an organization."Equal opportunity policies can be seen as an attempt to eradicate consideration of social differences from organizational decision-making using bureaucratic means" (Liff, 1999)Legislation within the year 1970s, supported by the structure developments within the

The Role Of The Supreme Court, Government, Economics, And Protests In The Civil Rights Movement

1638 words - 7 pages with.The Supreme Court made some of the major decisions that instituted segregation in the late 1800s and some of the major decisions that brought about integration in the 1950s. In 1896, with the court case of Plessy v Ferguson the Supreme court decided to segregate "intrastate railcars" between white and black (Constitutional). "This decision legitimized the segregation of American society under the 'Separate but Equal' doctrine

History Of Consideration Essay

7730 words - 31 pages , changed economic circumstances or a mistake in estimating the appropriate price. Given this situation, the parties might negotiate a change to their contractual relationship. The law requires such changes to be made in the same manner as a new contract. That is, a promisee must have given fresh consideration for any new promise that he or she seeks to enforce. This is a result of the decision of Lord Ellenborough in Stilk v. Myrick.5 The

Irreversible Prejudice And The Loss Of Dreams

1631 words - 7 pages settlement of African Americans in Kansas, the settlement of Nicodemus, Kansas proved it was possible for Exodusters to live a life that had minimal discrepancies with the independent life they dreamed of. Thus, the aid provided by relief associations and advertisements inviting “colored friends of the Nation to come and join with [them] in this beautiful Promise Land” established a promising and stable opportunity to pursue the dream of social