Chapter 2- Review of Related Literature and Studies
Health and care
According to Zaidi (2008), health is an important aspect for an elderly to achieve a good quality of life. The aspect of health does not only covers physical and mental health but it also covers social health. It means that elderlies must live independently and have social interaction. Health describes the wellness of a person in order to perform and participate in many activities. (Zaidi, 2008)
On the other hand, according to Novak (2012), health promotion includes concepts of disease prevention and reduced disability. Health professionals aim to keep older people to stay healthy and fit. It was stated that elderlies or senior citizens have few health care insurance. In connection to health care insurance Medicare covered 19 million in USA when it was passed last 1966 and the population grew to 46 million on 2009. The Medicare program covers hospital insurance and supplementary medical insurance; according to their conducted studies, supplementary medical insurance was the always chosen by the people. Before they can avail the said program they have to enroll and they can fully avail benefits. Over a period of time, Medicare has lesser beneficiaries; Medicaid goes to older people eligible for state public assistance. Commonly people who availed the Medicaid are those who have heart diseases, chronic lung disease, and hypertension. (Novak, 2012)
In Timonen (2008) statement, care is related to both mental and social care. The care denotes the assistance of other person in order for the senior citizen to have good welfare. Long term care includes light touch services or purely social aspects such as companionships. It is more helpful for senior citizens if social services are often given to them; it eases their feelings when they have someone to be with but it was prohibited for hospitals. The senior citizens...