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Propaganda And Its Manipulative Parts Essay

755 words - 4 pages

Though it may come as a surprise, many of your opinions on matters originated by means of propaganda. Propaganda is a means to manipulate an audience in believing information they want their audience to believe. In an effort to bring about the awareness of propaganda, writers George Orwell, Newman and Genevieve Birk, as well as D.W. Cross, explain the various ways in which a targeted audience may succumb to the manipulation of language and logic.
Newman and Genevieve Birk focus on the slanted information that we receive in our everyday lives. In fact, much of the information we read and hear slants towards audiences having a specific response (Birk and Birk). What take from that ...view middle of the document...

According to Birk and Birk, we must become aware of the relevance of charged language and slanting because, “It shapes our attitudes and values even without our conscious knowledge; it gives purpose to, and guides, our actions...”
“For good or evil, propaganda pervades our daily lives, helping to shape our attitudes on a thousand subjects,” says author D.W. Cross in Propaganda: How Not to Be Bamboozled. This article announces the devices of trickery used by propaganda in an attempt to appeal to audiences. Devices of trickery include name-calling, glittering generalities, plain folks appeal, argumentum ad populum, argumentum ad hominem, transfer of guilt or glory, bandwagon, and false analogy, begging the question, false dilemma, and card stacking. Name-calling is mudslinging that we accept without further question. We need to become aware of the negative name-calling, and should question the verity of the statement instead of assuming the information to be true. Glittering generalities are the opposite of name-calling, in which a positive connotation is used to make us agree without questioning the evidence. Typically, glittering generalities have “virtue words,” that we have a deep connection to, but the words have no meaning (Cross). We...

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