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Propaganda Used During War Essay

1539 words - 6 pages

Propaganda Used During War

Propaganda was used to mobilise the minds of the nations towards war;
Propaganda can be explained as telling lies to make people believe a
certain thing. But the meaning is much broader then that, it can be a
complete lie, but it can be the half-truth, or it could be the truth
exaggerated. In basic terms it is making people believe something that
they are not entirely told the truth about.

Propaganda was used in 3 main types of ways in the First World War. It
was used to keep up morale, this is when the truth maybe tampered with
to make it seem Britain are being successful in this war, and to make
it seem like they are winning. It was also used to create hatred and
suspicion towards the enemy; they would do this by lying or
exaggerating the truth to make the enemy seem brutal and vicious.

Propaganda would also be used to help support the war. As well as
recruitment for the army, they also needed recruitment for the war
industries (factories, mines etc.) Also they need to conserve
resources, by this i mean to ration things and conserve resources etc.
water ,food ,coal. Propaganda would be used to make the people who
weren't fighting to feel guilty, so they would work in the war
industries to try and help out. Propaganda would also be used to stop
drug and sex abuse because they were believed to have a negative
affect on the war effort. Also the government would make it seem there
were German spies, so everyone would tighten national security.
Propaganda was tied in with religion, if it seems that the church is
backing the war, then everyone would think that God backs this war,
then a lot of people will join up for the army or in to war
industries. Also it would be used to make the people who oppose the
war to change their minds..

Examples of Propaganda to keep up morale would be, Films these made to
show that the British were winning, e.g. 'For the Empire', This showed
that they were patriotic. This also supported the war effort because
the title emphasises the patriotic side of the war. Even children's
games were being supportive of the war; playing cards were made to
show patriotic pictures of British soldiers. Also a lot of children's
games were made to show that the Germans were cowards and treacherous,
whereas the British Tommy was seen as brave modest and courageous and
everything that the German's were not. This was done because if they
could 'brainwash' the children then they would have soldiers in the
future All of these were selling well so propaganda was working in
this department. Short cartoons like' Bully Boy' was made, this was a
short cartoon to make fun of and ridicule the Kaiser (emperor). This
would be making fun of the German's and this would make a lighter side
to the war so everyone isn't all serious, this would also create a

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