The property occupies a central place in the economic system . It is associated with: 1) the purpose and functioning of the economic system ; 2) economic way to connect employees with the means of production ( as with his or foreign ); 3) forms of production and distribution, exchange and consumption of the results of labor ; 4) The social structure of society , certain groups , classes and strata in society; 5 ) the nature of work incentives . Property relations form all other kinds of economic relations are the backbone and so basic.
Enhanced the importance of the problem of property in connection with the transition to a market economy , as it is the foundation of the property becoming a ...view middle of the document...
Following the Marxist utopian socialists saw the chief evil of capitalism in the existence of private property. Therefore, the reform of bourgeois society they associated with the replacement of privately owned public ( the people) . Implementation of this approach in practice has led to the substitution of public ownership of the state , to a total nationalization of ownership and management . The result was sverhmonopolizirovannaya economy , the main features of which are hidden unemployment , subdued inflation, no economic motivation to work, general shortage of goods and services , the dominance of social dependency , etc. Therefore, the transition to a more efficient , market- type economy requires replacing the monopoly of state ownership , approval diverse forms of ownership .
In the world of economic theory the concept of property is usually associated with limited resources compared to the needs in them. This contradiction is resolved by deleting the access to resources , which provides property.
Recently, in the works of economists increasingly common economic theory of property rights. The gist of it is that the property is not resources, and "beam rights " on the use of the resource. This "beam " includes rights : ownership - exclusive physical control of goods ; use - the use of beneficial properties for the benefit of themselves ; management - making decisions on the use of goods; income - the right to have the results from the use of goods; consumption , change, transfer or destruction of goods and etc. Thus , the property is considered as the right to control the use of certain resources and distribute emerging with costs and benefits . Thus, the object of study are behavioral relationships between people , sanctioned by laws , ordinances, traditions and customs of the society , which arise due to the existence and use of goods.
Currently, the economic theory of the legal aspects of the property the most thoroughly investigated and institutional representatives neoinstitutional schools. These studies were the basis for the development of so-called institutions of property - formalized rules and formalized rules sanctioning the behavior of people with respect to those or other economic benefits .
For a proper understanding of the economic substance of the property should be allocated to the economic content , subjects and objects of ownership .
Although the property is always associated with certain objects , things , since no object can not be property, the economic content of the property can not be reduced to its real , property content. Item becomes the property only when people come together in a certain relationship to its subject. The main feature of the property is not something that is assigned to , and who and as assigned . Differences in different forms of ownership are not so much objects of property, as in the nature of economic relations, which it expresses . Therefore , although on the surface phenomena property...