Proposal for Gasoline Tax Increase
On a daily basis, millions of cars are driven by millions of Americans to millions of different places. For most of those millions of people, their cars are their lives and that's all that matter. A second thought is rarely given to the fact that conventional gasoline vehicles are depositing millions of harmful chemical gases into the atmosphere. Many people in America are not aware of what automobile emissions are doing to our environment. If every American knew all the facts about gasoline vehicles, perhaps then they would be motivated and willing to contribute whatever is needed to save the environment from the destruction that gasoline vehicles are causing. Zero-emission vehicles are a new development and are one of the most aggressive approaches toward preventing global warming. However, there is still a lot of work to be done in order to eliminate conventional gasoline vehicles and begin widespread use of zero-emission vehicles. If there were a national fund for the further development of these vehicles, the effort to eliminate gasoline vehicles would advance much faster. That is why a proposal for the federal government to raise the gasoline tax by $1 per gallon in order to fund further research and development of zero-emission vehicles sounds entirely plausible. If nothing more, it would be giant step in the effort to conserve our natural environment.
In order to first convince a wide majority of people that something needs to be done to stop the destruction of our environment, people first need to know exactly what is harmful about gasoline vehicles. In the United States, approximately 6.6 tons of greenhouse gases are emitted per person every year. Most of the greenhouse gas emissions, an astounding 82%, are from the burning of fossil fuels to generate electricity and power our cars(http://www.epa.gov/globalwarming/emissions/individual/index.html). The emission of all of these gases means that in time the earth's climate could change because human activities are altering the chemical composition of the atmosphere. Particularly in the United States, various places may become wetter or drier, experience an overall trend toward increased precipitation and evaporation, see more intense rainstorms, or even develop drier soil (http://www.epa.gov/globalwarming/climate/index .html). All of these changes are predicted to steadily and gradually occur with each passing year.
To this date, the burning of fossil fuels is responsible for about 98% of US carbon dioxide emissions, 24% of methane emissions and 18% of nitrous oxide emissions. These gases are considered to be the fundamental causes of global warming. However, while these gases are produced the most, they are certainly not the only gases produced. There are several other gases produced that are directly harmful to humans, as well as to the environment. HC or Hydrocarbon can cause irritation to the lungs and mucus glands. Benzene emissions are...