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Pros And Cons Of Aniamal Testing

1325 words - 6 pages

Animals in research have made many contributions leading to the treatments and cures of diseases that affects humans. Through the use of animals in experiments a better life has been accomplished. “Sweet are the uses of Adversity.” This quote said by Williams Shakespeare proves that all good comes with bad, just like using animals in research. Many oppose the use of animal for research claiming that it is not morally or ethically stable. Findings from animal experiments can potentially cure numerous medial issues such as cancer or the common cold. However, there is controversy, mostly ethical, surrounding the methods used.
Animal experiments used in biological research have helped make many advancements in human medicine. Through these experiments when has achieved, a decrease in infant mortality, longer lifespan, and an increase in the quality of life (American Medical Associaton 3). Through indirect of direct experimentation, almost all medical advances can be traced back to research through animals. The control and dismissal of diseases like: small pox, poliomyelitis, and measles has been achieved with animals. Blood transfusions, burn therapy, open brain and hearts surgery where all fulfilled the same way (American Medical Association 54). "Biomedical advances depend on research with animals, and not using them would deprive humans and criminals of the benefits of research" (American Media Association74). Through animal research we could find solutions to AIDS, cancer, heart diseases, aging, and congenital defects. Like Lord Adrian said, “The use of living animals in scientific research can be considered justified if it is likely to produce appreciable benefit to society, if there is no way to conduct the research in question and if all reasonable steps are taken to keep any distress or suffering to a minimum” (Botting 1).
Animals have been proven to be beneficial through medical research by given examples.
Toxicology is the study of how chemical substances interact with living systems and how the affect their processes. This information is then used to determine safe levels of exposure (Hagedom 2). Toxicology research helps us to create a safer living environment and to benefit from the use of natural and synthetics substances. Overexposure to these materials may cause harm to our bodies and possible death. Why is there a need to use animals? When animals are exposed to certain substances, the process and effects can be relatable to humans and their functions. Toxicology can be used to study the speed in which a substance is absorbed into the body. Laboratory animals are especially useful in this example because the response and speed of the dose given to the animal can reveals the speed in which the medicine absorbs and what organs it effects first (Hagedom 13). This information can them be affiliated to human processes and the medicine can be “fine tuned” to be suitable for the human body and its sole purpose of treatment.
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