Assignment #5: Pro Animal Testing
Animal testing has become a wide contribution in medical field in order to find new treatment, developing new medicines and improving the existing ones as well as testing the safety and effectiveness of new medicines. Some medicines development is depending on animal research, for instances, vaccines and insulin for diabetes and kidney transplants. However, there are many diseases that their cures are still undiscovered yet and one of them is AIDS (Tanir, 2012). Frankie L. Trull once said in his article of Animal Test Research Has Saved Many Human Lives, “[…] fight against cancer has seen 24 significant biomedical advances in the past 30 years. None of them could have occurred without animal research.” Therefore, this paper will discuss the importance of animal testing as well as how it plays its roles in medical field.
The Breakthrough in Medical Field
Researches on animals have been conducted since the ancient Greeks in order to advance human knowledge. Animal experimentation has played a part in many major medical advances, including the development of antibiotics, vaccines, and surgical techniques. According to McGuire, animal testing has helped in providing “antibiotics and vaccines, insulin for diabetes, treatments for leukemia, and has made possible advances in medical technology such as blood transfusion, kidney dialysis, and the heart lung machine” (“Animal Experimentation”). Thus, it is important to continue animal research because there is no other living things that can be used to conduct experiments that has similar living system as human. Experimenting on cell cultures produced inaccurate results compared to animal testing. Other than that, they cannot stimulate muscle, blood or organs that working together as in the human body. Also, it has been proved that computer modeling technique is not a practical way to do research on human body because living organs could not be modified by any artificial methods. As it had been stated in the animal research article by University of Oxford, it is impossible to “reproduce a beating heart in a test tube or a stroke on a computer”. This is because human body system is incredibly complex.
Toxicity – Predicting the Potential Harmful Effects
Another importance of animal testing is this testing makes large contribution in toxicity; a study of harmful effects of chemical substance on living organisms besides finding cure for human diseases (The MSPCA–Angell, 2013). In fact, Daston, Procter and Gamble made a clarification in their article of Alternatives in Reproductive Toxicity: A Way Forward, that animal tests are being relied on for the prediction of potential harm of chemicals which may affect human reproductive system. This is because, as some animals and human have identical characteristics in complex body system, animal tests that is conducted for evaluating toxicity of reproductive are designed to apply on the complete reproductive cycle. Those three...