Pros And Cons Of Cloning Dna Genetic Manipulation

1512 words - 7 pages

Cloning DNA

Genetic manipulation and cloning is has been has had some great scientific advances in recent years. Genetic manipulation is the art of altering DNA, whether it be a plant, `animal or bacteria. For example, the seedless watermelon is a byproduct of genetic manipulation. Scientists use this practice is used in many labs all around the world, to create more advanced medicine and agricultural products. Every living thing contains DNA.

Genetic manipulation can have great benefit to us if it is used in the correct manner, however it can also be used in manners which are morally wrong. Some have the idea of cloning human beings as a way of dealing with the death of a loved one, this is an example of an immoral use of genetic manipulation. Cloning humans is not only immoral but it is ethically wrong and illegal. There are those who are fighting for the legalizing of this while some religious and other communities are in uproar about this.

There are three types of genetic manipulation. The first two consist of somatic manipulation and germline manipulation. Somatic manipulation will change the genetic makeup of a single person, such as their physical look. Germline manipulation will alter the genetics for future generations (Hayes, 2000).

There are some doctors who are suggesting parents to test their unborn children for any disorders they may have, and treat it with somatic manipulation. This way parents can have a perfect baby, without any disabilities or diseases in their future. In order to complete this process the doctor must stick a needle into the mother’s stomach and into the unborn fetus, and obtain a flake of dried skin. Than they can test this skin to see what the baby’s genetic makeup will consist of.

Some people have a history of certain diseases within their family heratige.With gene manipulation doctors think that they can stop this and prevent the diseases from spreading to future generations. To accomplish this they can use the method of germline genetic manipulation. With this technique they can remove the disease from the DNA of the family and prevent future offspring from having or containing it.
The third type of cloning is called nuclear transfusion. With nuclear transfusion one can create a child from an unfertilized egg. Doctors claim that this is a fairly simplistic procedure: a donor egg or its genetic material is inserted into the unfertilized egg, than the reconstructed embryo is inserted into the surrogate mother (Harley, 2000).
One of the major questions brought up with the concept of nuclear transfusion is how identical will the clone be to the original donor? Will the fact that they may be living in a different environment change the clone? Another question regarding cloning is, when two people make a child, the parents are part of the child, and with cloning we are missing this aspect. We are lacing the experience gained through pregnancy and birth.
Children have a special bond with their parents, a...

Find Another Essay On Pros and Cons of Cloning DNA-Genetic Manipulation

Pros and Cons of Cloning Today

897 words - 4 pages organisms. First lets start with the history of cloning. The modern era of laboratory cloning began in 1958 when F.C. Steward cloned carrot plants from mature single cells placed in a nutrient culture containing hormones. The first cloning of animal cells took place in 1964. John B. Gurdon took the nuclei from tadpoles and injected them into unfertilized eggs. The nuclei containing the original parents? genetic

The Pros and Cons of Human Cloning

835 words - 3 pages "To clone or not to clone?" that is the question troubling the mind's of many Americans and citizens all over the world. Imagine how life would become when millions of people start looking alike, acting alike, and thinking alike. There would be no diversity what so ever in today's society. Ban human cloning!, Jean Bethke Elshtain author of "To Clone or Not to Clone", displays a strong argument as to why human cloning should be banned

Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering

2383 words - 10 pages genetic code in 1966 Marshall Nirenberg & Har Gobind Khorana finished the unraveling of the genetic code. Then furthering the knowledge of enzymes in the late 1960s Stewart Linn & Werner Arber made the discovery of restriction enzymes in E. coli. In 1973 Stanley Cohen and Herbert Boyer did the unthinkable (A brief history of genetic modification). They invented DNA cloning, which allowed genes to be transferred from one organism to another. Then in

The Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering

820 words - 3 pages engineering is the splitting of DNA out of an organism’s gene, and then transplanted and recombined into a hosts DNA sequence. This method allows the host organism (if successful) to then show the desired trait or characteristic. This method promises to give us plants that can grow throughout droughts or mice that can grow human organs, the boundaries seem to be limitless. Pros to genetic engineering seem to be very promising and sometimes not

Pros and Cons of Genetic Testing

1572 words - 7 pages , manage and even cure a disease even if it is not possible to prevent it. Genetic testing is useful for mapping your family tree. The $99 DNA test that 23andMe offers to consumers could give you new relatives. Sites such as offer to compare your DNA to those they already have on record in hopes of connecting you to unknown branches of your family tree.'s test can also tell you your genetic ethnicity. One branch of genetic

The Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering

1043 words - 4 pages . It is used for producing proteins which can be used by humans, such as insulin for diabetics and is also used to make organisms better at surviving, for example genetically modifying a plant so that it can survive in acidic soil.      There is debate about whether genetic engineering should be used or not, and to what degree. There are many problems that can occur from the process and many of these cannot be avoided

Cloning Overview - Pros and Cons

1096 words - 4 pages What is Cloning?-Cloning means to create a copy of a living thing. This copy is called a clone and has an identical genetic makeup to the matter from which the original nucleus comes from.How? The Process-The most common method of cloning is known as somatic cell nuclear transfer. A somatic cell is simply any cell, other than a sex cell, taken from the body.To achieve this method of cloning, a somatic cell is taken from the animal that is to be

Genetic Engineering: Pros and Cons

1274 words - 5 pages the problems of genetic engineering. Works Cited "Genetic engineering." The Gale Encyclopedia of Science. Ed. K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner. 4th ed. Detroit: Gale, 2008. Gale Student Resources in Context. Web. 20 Jan. 2012. Ren, Yin. "Designer Babies: The Pros and Cons of Genetic Engineering." MIT Undergraduate Journal 12 (2009). Print. Rollin, B.E. "Bad Ethics, Good Ethics and the Genetic Engineering of Animals in

Pros and cons of improving humans by genetic engineering

832 words - 3 pages Human genetic engineering has been widely debated over the years. Many believe it should be banned while others think we should advance with our research. There are many different types of human genetic engineering. Three of which are the hottest topics right now. They include somatic engineering, germline engineering, and cloning (What is germline DNA?, 2003). Genetic engineering is basically altering the gene (What is germline DNA?, 2003

Cloning-definitions, pros, cons

1626 words - 7 pages ) may be the most useful type of cloning, in myopinion. The beginning steps in this procedure are the same as those in Adult DNA cloning. However thestem cells are removed from the pre-embryo with the intention of making whole organ or some tissue for theperson whose DNA was used.Cloning is a very delicate procedure. Many things can, and do, go wrong when attempting any typeof cloning.(3:1) The embryos being used are quite fragile. If an embryo

Cloning: Right Or Wrong? Should cloning be legal? What are the pros and cons of cloning? What can cloning lead to? What should be done?

563 words - 2 pages experiments could have been carried out pressure started build on the scientists because people started to doubt if cloning was ethical and morally correct. Governments began to introduce bans and constraints on cloning, as they felt cloning was not correct and because they represented the people of its country, it had to act on it. Cloning has its cons but its pros seem to overcome them greatly.If cloning were allowed to be experimented scientists

Similar Essays

Pros And Cons Of Cloning Essay

1210 words - 5 pages the prospect of a new way of creating stem cells which possess the ability to treat heart diseases, cancer, and other daunting diseases. Despite this promising future that cloning purports to forecast for the human race, the research projects have been met with fierce opposition from lawmakers to clergy men. Most of the opposition is on ethical grounds and while McLaren retorts that there is nothing unethical about using technology to save lives

Cloning, Pros And Cons Essay

3749 words - 15 pages process? Cloning as a Possibility? These situations and many others have brought up the topic of cloning. Cloning refers to any process that results in the creation of an identical or almost identical genetic copy of a molecule, cell, or individual plant, animal, or human (Wilson, 2002). Recently, it is being heavily researched for its potential uses. Some difficult questions arise with the uses of the clones. Could clones be "farmed" to

Pros And Cons Of Recombinant Dna Technology

1490 words - 6 pages and McCarty purified DNA and proved them to be the carriers of genetic information, until which protein was believed to be the carrier. Even before the structure was elucidated, in 1947, Erwin Chargoff postulated certain rules that DNA follows. Hershey and Chase conducted a series of experiments in 1952 to prove that DNA is the genetic material. DNA was crystallized and its helical nature was found out using X-ray crystallography by Franklin and

The Pros And Cons Of Dna Profiling

875 words - 4 pages Does DNA profiling in its current state offer foolproof identification? What needs to be in place for it to be error-free? Should all incarcerated criminals be forced to give samples? Should convicted juveniles? Should the general public be required to give a DNA sample? The pros of DNA profiling are that it can be used to quickly eliminate a suspect, saving time in searches for perpetrators. And it can provide compelling evidence to support a