Genetic manipulation and cloning is has been has had some great scientific advances in recent years. Genetic manipulation is the art of altering DNA, whether it be a plant, `animal or bacteria. For example, the seedless watermelon is a byproduct of genetic manipulation. Scientists use this practice is used in many labs all around the world, to create more advanced medicine and agricultural products. Every living thing contains DNA.
Genetic manipulation can have great benefit to us if it is used in the correct manner, however it can also be used in manners which are morally wrong. Some have the idea of cloning human beings as a way of dealing with the death of a loved one, this is an example of an immoral use of genetic manipulation. Cloning humans is not only immoral but it is ethically wrong and illegal. There are those who are fighting for the legalizing of this while some religious and other communities are in uproar about this.
There are three types of genetic manipulation. The first two consist of somatic manipulation and germline manipulation. Somatic manipulation will change the genetic makeup of a single person, such as their physical look. Germline manipulation will alter the genetics for future generations (Hayes, 2000).
There are some doctors who are suggesting parents to test their unborn children for any disorders they may have, and treat it with somatic manipulation. This way parents can have a perfect baby, without any disabilities or diseases in their future. In order to complete this process the doctor must stick a needle into the mother’s stomach and into the unborn fetus, and obtain a flake of dried skin. Than they can test this skin to see what the baby’s genetic makeup will consist of.
Some people have a history of certain diseases within their family heratige.With gene manipulation doctors think that they can stop this and prevent the diseases from spreading to future generations. To accomplish this they can use the method of germline genetic manipulation. With this technique they can remove the disease from the DNA of the family and prevent future offspring from having or containing it.
The third type of cloning is called nuclear transfusion. With nuclear transfusion one can create a child from an unfertilized egg. Doctors claim that this is a fairly simplistic procedure: a donor egg or its genetic material is inserted into the unfertilized egg, than the reconstructed embryo is inserted into the surrogate mother (Harley, 2000).
One of the major questions brought up with the concept of nuclear transfusion is how identical will the clone be to the original donor? Will the fact that they may be living in a different environment change the clone? Another question regarding cloning is, when two people make a child, the parents are part of the child, and with cloning we are missing this aspect. We are lacing the experience gained through pregnancy and birth.
Children have a special bond with their parents, a...