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Pros And Cons Of Oral Contraceptives

1424 words - 6 pages

There are many ways to prevent women from having undesirable or unexpected pregnancies. For example, there are condoms, sterilization, pull out method, cervical cap or spermicide, etc. (plannedparenthood.org). Since oral contraceptives, birth control pills, were introduced, it has become the most popular birth control method ever, according to a chart, contraceptive method choice, from Guttmacher Institute. It is popular because of its serviceability, effectiveness and impregnability, and it became one of the most important developments in women’s history. Also, it is beneficial for multitudinous women in the world. According to the article “Oral Contraceptive” from Brown University, “The introduction of oral contraceptives was one of the most transformative developments in the history of women’s health.” However, nothing is perfect is this world, and side effects always come with popularity. There are many arguments on whether oral contraceptives should be recommended or not.
41.6 millions abortions happened in the world in 2003, and the abortion rate is 29% according to chart, Global and Regional Estimates of Induced Abortion, from abort73.com. It is unbelievable how many abortions eventuated in the world. It is always better to prevent bad things from happening than to deal with them after they had taken place, so there are many contraceptive methods, listed above, that can help people from getting unplanned pregnancies, and Oral contraceptive is one of the most widely used and effective method.
Oral contraceptive is widely used because of its effectiveness and convenience. According to a chart, Contraceptive Method Choice, from Guttmacher Institute, 27.5% of women who use birth control methods in the US are taking birth control pills, and 27.5% is the highest percentage comparing to the percentage of women using other birth control methods. Also, according to a chart named Contraceptive Effectiveness, from Guttmacher Institute, oral contraceptive has one of the lowest failure rates among all the other birth control methods.
The main purposes for using birth control is to prevent women from having unwanted pregnancy. Also, it helps stabilize the over populated society (Hardin). There are some reasons why women choose oral contraceptive instead of other birth control methods. Oral contraceptives not only help people with contraception, but also have minor betterments. For women taking pills for non-sexual purpose, usually they are young and unmarried. According to “Noncontraceptive Benefits of Birth Control Pills” from Asrm.org “Birth control pills can be used to make irregular or unpredictable periods occur on a monthly basis”.
Besides regulating period, oral contraceptive has a more important and meaningful side effect. The risk of several cancers might be affected by hormones, which are estrogen and progestin especially. According to National Cancer Institute, “Naturally occurring estrogen and progesterone have been found to influence...

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