This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Prostate Cancer Essay

2109 words - 9 pages


Prostate Cancer was first described by a venetian anatomist Niccolo Massa in 1536 , it was not fully identified until 1853. Prostate cancer beleive it or not was actually first considered a rare disease,most likely because back then there was shorter life expectancy and poorer detection methods..

Prostate cancer as of 2011 is the second most frequent cancer and the sixth B. Diagnosis cause of deaths of males worldwide. Deaths were up from 156,000 in 1990. In 2010 , 256,000 deaths were resulted because of prostate cancer. Rates of the cancer vary across the world. It is least common in East and South asia, and most common in North america, Europe, New Zealand and Australia. Among asian men prostate cancer is least common, and most common in black men, with figures of white men in between. The annual incidence rate of prostate cancer among the time of 1988 to 1992, chinese men in the U.S. is 15 times higher than the rate/number is in china. However by an amount of increasing detection, that is another reason for these high rates. Suggestions is that Prostate cancer could be under reported, yet some incidence in China and Japan is similar to those in Western areas. In 2012, Europe was the 3rd largest diagnosed after breast and colorectal cases at 417,000.
Primarily, Prostate Cancer develops in men who are above 50 years. It is the most common in men in the United States with 186,000 new cases in 2008 and with 28,600 deaths. It is the second cause of cancer death in the U.S. after lung cancer. In the U.k. it is also the second related cause of cancer death, where around 35,000 are diagnosed and 10,000 die every year because of it.
80% of men will develop this cancer by the age of 80. In the majority of cases, however, it will be slow growing and harmless. In some men diagnosing prostate cancer is overdiagnosis or the needles identification of a aberrant condition that will never harm them. And treatment in such men exposes them, to all of the adverse effects with no possibility of extending their lives.


Symptoms of Prostate Cancer include the following:
1.Trouble Urinating
2.Blood in Urine
3.Blood in Semen
4.General pain in lower back, hips or thighs.
5.Discomfort in Pelvic area
6.bone Pain
7.Erectile Dysfunction

Screening refers to testing to find a disease such as cancer. For some types of cancer , screening can help find them at in early stage so they can be easily cured. The goal of screening is to help people to be healthier and have longer lives. The screening of prostate cancer is to find it early in hopes of treating it more effectively.
There are two types of prostate cancer small cell carcinoma and big cell adenocarcinoma. Small Carcinoma is a rare type of prostate cancer and only 1-2% cases are small cell cancer (SCCP). Since this type of cancer does vary the prostate levels very much it is usually only diagnosed at an advanced stage, usually after metastasis....

Find Another Essay On Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer and Nutrition Essay

1724 words - 7 pages Prostate Cancer and Nutrition Clinical Radiation 04/15/14 Anand Somasundaram   Prostate cancer is the most common cancer of men and the third most common cause of death from cancer. Prostate cancer usually occurs in men above the age of 50. Many men who have prostate cancer, do not show any symptoms. Screening for this cancer is usually done by a Digital rectum exam (DRE) and/or Prostate specific antigen test (PSA).Digital rectum exam is the

Treatment for Prostate Cancer Essay

2369 words - 10 pages Introduction Studies have shown that that 25% of men that are diagnosed with cancer are usually diagnosed with prostate cancer. It has progressed so much that it is the 3rd common cause of death in men in the USA. Drugs for prostate cancer have made progressed so much in just the last 10 years. Chances of survival and control in pain have improved so much with the evolution of chemotherapy drugs. Chemotherapy is a treatment that using the

My Father and Prostate Cancer

2563 words - 10 pages I reminisce with all members of my family the day we received the news from our doctor that my father had prostate cancer. We got that news like thunder in our ears, because just one year before we had lost our sister to breast cancer, and we still remember how much pain and suffering the cancer had caused. As a result nobody in our family believed that we were going to lose our father either. My father suffered prostate cancer for nearly two

Biomarker discovery for Prostate Cancer

728 words - 3 pages Prostate cancer is the second most common cause of world-wide cancer-related death in men after lung cancer (WCRF International), and in Australia, it accounts for 30% of all new cancers in men and 13.4% of all cancer deaths in men (Cancer Australia). Currently, Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) is the most commonly used serum biomarker for prostate cancer most routinely used by urologists. However, PSA-based screening has been shown to have high

The Economics of Prostate Cancer Screening

2654 words - 11 pages Introduction This paper will focus on the economics of prostate cancer screening. The American Cancer Society states that cancer is a group of diseases characterized by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells. If the spread is not controlled, it can result in death (10). According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, cancer is the second leading cause of death. In 2002 alone, half a million Americans will die of this

Severe Hypocalcemia due to Denosumab in Metastatic Prostate Cancer

1277 words - 5 pages Hypocalcemia is a rare and dangerous side effect of the drug Denosumab. We present a case of a patient with metastatic prostate cancer who developed severe hypocalcemia after the administration of the drug. A total of 80 gm of intravenous and 370 gm of oral calcium were administered in vain and a maximum ionized calcium level attained was 0.71mmol/ during the first 16 days of hospital stay. Due to worsening renal failure from tumor spread our

In Vivo Quantitative Phosphoproteomic Profiling Identifies Novel Regulators of Castration Resistant Prostate Cancer Growth

3647 words - 15 pages genes in HS- and CR-LNCAP tumors and analyzed whether differentially expressed genes contain signatures corresponding to the activation of these pathways. The transcriptomic analysis identified 514 genes whose mRNA levels were induced and 291 genes repressed in the castration resistant prostate cancer as compared to control tumors (fold >2, FDR<0.05) (Supplementary Table S3). A gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) was performed where the profile of

Coffee Consumption and Prostate Cancer Aggressiveness among African & Caucasian American in a Population-Based Study

1275 words - 6 pages There has been always an indication that coffee could be related in preventing cancer risk. Therefore, many studies were involved to check the accuracy of coffee and its effect on cancer especially prostate cancer (CaP). According to the article Coffee Consumption and Prostate Cancer Aggressiveness among African & Caucasian American in a Population-Based Study, there were two studies that examined the effects of Coffee on cancer risk; Meta

Molecular Regulation of Bone Marrow Metastasis in Prostate and Breast Cancer

2762 words - 12 pages affect the mentioned cellular processes, and may be directly related with cancer development and progression, ultimately resulting in metastasis (62). MiRNA have been recognized as activators (metastamir) or suppressors of metastasis progression, and they are involved in various stages of metastasis (63) (Table 2). The expression of miR-16 in human PCa is decreased compared with normal prostate tissues, and evaluation of cellular models has shown

Evaluating the Mechanism of Chemotherapy

896 words - 4 pages Powerful genotoxic reagents such as Mitoxantrone, Docetaxel, Hydrogen Peroxide, Bleomycin and radiation have been recently investigated in PSC27(Normal Human Prostate Stromal Cell Lines) cell lines and prostate cancer cell lines such as PC-3, LNCaP, DU145, BPH1 and M12 cells. These chemotherapy reagents are ultimately DNA-damaging mechanisms that break hydrogen bonds and DNA strands in DNA. There are great implications associated with the


4932 words - 20 pages from by on October 9, 2014. For personal use only. Downloaded from F O C U S O N M O L E C U L A R I M A G I N G Hyperpolarized 13C MR for Molecular Imaging of Prostate Cancer David M. Wilson and John Kurhanewicz Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California Hyperpolarization using dissolution dynamic nuclear polarization has emerged as a versatile

Similar Essays

Prostate Cancer Essay

360 words - 2 pages Prostate cancer can often be found early by testing the amount of prostate-specific antigen in your blood. Another way prostate cancer is found early is when the doctor performs a rectal exam. Because your prostate gland is just in front of your rectum, the doctor can feel if there is any abnormal hardness in your prostate. These often indicate that there is a cancer. If you have had yearly exam your cancer will probably been found at an early

Prostate Cancer Essay

1099 words - 4 pages Prostate Cancer Cancer of the prostate, a common form of cancer, is a disease in which cancer (malignant) cells are found in the prostate. The prostate is on the male sex glands, and is located just below the bladder and in front of the rectum. The size of the prostate is about the size of a walnut. It surrounds the part of the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. The prostate makes fluid that

Prostate Cancer Essay

968 words - 4 pages The prostate, a gland found only in men, is part of the reproductive system. It is a gland that produces the semen, the fluid that contains sperm. It is about the size of a walnut and lies just beneath the urinary bladder (Niendorf, 2006, p.1068). Prostate cancer is a disease in which the cells of the prostate become abnormal and start to grow uncontrollably, forming tumors (Niendorf, 2006, p.1068). It is a malignancy of one of the major male

Prostate Cancer Essay

4700 words - 19 pages Prostate Cancer AbstractThis report incorporates the most authoritative and most current scientific information on the treatment of prostate cancer (PC). It covers three basic and essential categories of information on PC: 1) an introduction and review of PC, anatomy of the urethra, incidence of prostate cancer, and risk factors, 2) detection and treatment methods which are currently employed by diagnosticians, 3) the benefit of early PC