This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Defending Hard Determinism Against The Strongest Objections Raised Against It

1679 words - 7 pages

Defending Hard Determinism Against the Strongest Objections Raised Against It

In this academic essay there will be a clear and defined description
of both hard determinism and its eventual nemesis indeterminism. Based
on these definitions there will be a personal attempt at denying hard
determinism. This will be accomplished through the introduction of
David Hume and his radical philosophy on causality and the relation
this may have on hard determinism, as well as the various
possibilities it may distinguish. Furthermore the Causal Principle
will also be introduced and slandered in its incapability to provide a
concrete defense for hard determinism and its potential in proposing a
solution through indeterminism. All these factors will ultimately
point to the possibility in which when A happens B is likely to happen
but not essentially determined in happening. This will give rise to
the possibility of a random event occurring and therefore the demise
of hard determinism.

Determinism is the doctrine that man’s choices, decisions, and actions
are decided by antecedent causes, inherited or environmental, acting
upon his character: opposed to free will. (Funk & Wagnalls, 349) Hard
Determinism is the belief that everything is determined, the most
aggressive stance within determinism, leaving no possibility or room
for either quantum mechanics, or free will itself. Indeterminism on
the other hand is merely determinism’s denial. Indeterminism
acknowledges the possibility of determinism to a certain degree but
suggests that it is falsified through some uncaused random
accordance’s in the universe.

In understanding or allowing ourselves a better perspective and grasp
on things we need to consider the question of ‘cause and effect’ Let
us consider, through the perspective of Hume, what is usually meant by
saying, “A causes B?” Hume suggests that the most important
perspective that needs to be considered is necessary connection.

Necessary connection suggests that the common concept of causality is
that the cause and the effect are necessarily connected- that is that
if the cause occurs, the effect must occur as well; the effect cannot
but occur. (David Hume, An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding,
Section 7)

Hume suggests that this perception of Necessary connection is wrong
and states the following:

“In considering the operation of causes, we are never able, in a
single instance, to discover any power or necessary connection; any
quality which binds the effect to the cause, and renders the one an
infallible consequence of the other. We only find, that the one does
actually, in fact follow the other. Consequently, there is not, in any
single, particular instance of cause and effect, anything which can
suggest the idea of power or necessary connection.” (David Hume, An
...

Find Another Essay On Defending Hard Determinism Against the Strongest Objections Raised Against It

Saving Morality: The Implications of Hard Determinism

1333 words - 6 pages conditions are governed entirely by the natural laws of the universe. Hard determinism claims that not only is determinism true, but that it is also wholly incompatible with free will. Hard determinism employs the following physicalist argument as a means of extinguishing the notion of free will: 1. The world, including man, at its most essential level is composed of quanta in motion (quanta constituting the minimum amount of any physical entity

"Hard Determinism" two ojections and one responce!! how does hard determinism over come the free will and determinism argument!!

1151 words - 5 pages have also considered the libertarian's objection that the self provides the action of free will, throughout the paper, hard determinism has been able to show that given the antecedent conditions and laws of nature, it is not possible for any event not to have occurred, as a result hard determinism has been able to anticipate and defend against the objections presented.

Is it Appropriate to go Against the Government?

743 words - 3 pages system. (The Daily Times) Denying individual freedom is definitely a reason for civil disobedience. Another reason to go against the government, is because it can’t be trusted. Sam Lovejoy had to go to court to show people the dangers of nuclear power. The government never told anyone the dangers of nuclear power. They tried to keep it in the shadows by offering low property taxes. (Terkel) There is a fine line between outright lying and hiding

Why Teenagers Smoke Despite the Obvious Warnings Against It

932 words - 4 pages Why Teenagers Smoke Despite the Obvious Warnings Against ItTeenage smoking has become a big problem in the United States as well as the rest of the world. Once kids start smoking, they cannot stop because of the physical and mental addiction. Throughout our lives, we hear many warnings from authority figures and the media. Despite the obvious risks involved, kids still choose to smoke. The biggest influences on teenagers are peer pressure, media

The Death Penalty - This essay is against it

1972 words - 8 pages have reported an increase in murders. America playing the tough role on crimes has gotten us nowhere. On December 2, 2005 the United States carried out its 1,000th execution, what a milestone to remember, murder by the hands of our government. No one should ever make a legal decision to kill. America needs to learn the value of life and stop putting death sentences on individuals. Below is a chart of executions since it was reinstated in 1976

The War Against Terrorism

1041 words - 4 pages discrimination as to which terrorists organizations will be sought after will create the impression that the U.S. will only fight terror as long as it has a direct effect on the American people. The world coalition against terrorism will unravel if Bush does not continue to push forward. As long as the fight is well planned and carried out slowly and effectively, the world will continue to back the cause and the Arab-Israeli conflict will have to

Rage Against the Machine

1577 words - 6 pages music and the Parents Music Resource Center, founded by Tipper Gore (Buchi, incidents par. 3-4). The music of Rage Against the Machine contains the political and social views of the band members. They are very avid about defending constitutional rights of the individual and large groups of deprived people. The members of Rage Against the Machine each bring diversity and strong political views into the music they produce. Each

Backs Against the wall

2165 words - 9 pages of life”. He knew the odds were against him and his men with this trial. He did not know who would defend them and if the person defending them would even believe, they had fired in self-defense. However, finding such a person to defend a group of British troops for murder against American Colonist was going to be a daunting task. There was one person, who made the decision to take on this monument case. The individual who wanted to defend

The Battle Against Apartheid

1213 words - 5 pages Long-denied rights and freedoms wouldn’t have been granted to the now multi-racial South Africa, if it hadn’t been been for two icons in black history who battled against Apartheid. The recurring theme in the articles “Steve Biko” and “Obituaries; Nelson Mandela” is that both strongly fought against Apartheid and worked to overturn the oppression of the black race to restore their basic human rights. Steve Biko started his career as an

The Convention Against Torture

1103 words - 4 pages them, but surreptitiously still violate them. The US, Israel, and Saudi Arabia all have failed to end torture despite accepting the provisions of the Convention.      Israel has used torture since at least the 1970’s. It was not till 1991 that Israel ratified the Convention against Torture. It however did not accept the provisions of articles 21 and 22. Their acceptance lead to many improvements in human rights. In fact

Crimes Against the Elderly

1706 words - 7 pages issues. Sexual abuse is also another type of crime perpetrated against the elderly. This may occur for instance when offenders force elderly persons to watch pornographic material or making them undress by force. It is also amounts to sexual abuse when offenders perpetrate unwanted touching, sodomy, or rape (Olshaker, 2007, 40). Another crime against the elderly is neglect which entails the failure or refusal of a person to fulfill the duties or

Similar Essays

Cyber Warfare: Defending Against A New Form Of Terrorism

972 words - 4 pages funding for research and development of cyber warfare and drones, the U.S. attempts to enter an era of indirect conflict that puts fewer American soldiers in danger (Defense budget proposal prepares US for future challenges, 2014, p. 1).” Providing Structure The government is providing guidelines for private corporations to be able to defend themselves against cyber-attacks. The government is outpacing the private sector when it comes to increasing

Man And The Vain Struggle Against Nature & Himself: Determinism In Stephen Crane’s The Open Boat

2238 words - 9 pages against a force that cannot bend to their will, their pleading, or their hard work. As their situation drags on, the men begin to anthropomorphize nature, giving it human characteristics as a way to turn it into something that they can fight. This presumed clash between man and nature serves as a reflection of the major conflict in the story, that of perception versus reality. The survivors perceive nature as an entity to be challenged, but in

Assignment 1: Sketch Briefly Descartes’ Proof For The Existence Of God. What Possible Objections Can You Raise Against This Proof?

880 words - 4 pages 1. Introduction Descartes’ argument for the existence of God relies on the untenable notion of a substance of perfection and that it can be predicated of God. In this essay Descartes’ arguments for the existence of God will be briefly expounded, and then objections against his methodology employed in order to establish the proof of God, will be discussed. 2. Proof of God God takes on a crucial place in Descartes’ philosophy. He was certain of

Strike Hard Against Criminals Campaign In China

1043 words - 4 pages . Stability within China also made it very attractive to outside investment, but a high crime rates and no leash on citizens, created the opposite effect.The political environment in China during that time was a bit tense. Opening up was something that some in the CCP were very much against. Jiang Zemin went on record saying "we carry out modernization we must devote ourselves to developing the forces of production and do a good job in material