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Security: Us Intervention In Iraq Essay

3576 words - 14 pages

Throughout the years, security has been secluded to this narrow framework of territorial security and ideological dominance whether we look at geopolitical wars or ideological ones such as the Cold War. The security of the individual has eluded this framework until the 1990’s where we saw the birth of Humanitarianism through interventions in Iraq, Somalia and the Balkans. Security had started to redefine itself in a Human dimension characterising itself as a child who did not die, a disease that did not spread, a job that was not cut, an ethnic tension that did not explode in violence, a dissident who was not silenced. Its concerns are of human life and dignity how people live and breathe in society, how freely they exercise their choices . One of the main aims of the 2003 Iraq invasion lay in human security which we see in George W. Bush speech at the American Enterprise Institute stating that the lives and freedom of the Iraqi people matter little to Saddam Hussein but Iraqi lives and freedom matter greatly to the United States . However to what extent is this not just a tool for changing the rationale of intervention; as Gerd Oberleitner argues that the ambiguity and flexibility of the concepts makes it appealing as a political tool . Alternatively, was the Iraq war just impregnably armoured by good intentions and ignorance , as anti-war novelist Graham Greene described the Vietnam War. The main aim of this essay is not to provide a soapbox to lambaste the United States intervention, but to highlight how such concepts can provide powers with the means to exploit its influence and strengths through such issues of security.

In 1995, the UN had released a report named Redefining Security: The Human Dimension in which it defined several areas of human security; economic security, food, health, environmental, personal security, community security and political security. More than a decade later human security has left its footprints in international affairs especially when looking at post 9/11. Many academics have argued that Bush had utilised such areas as a rationale for the expansion of US reach in the Middle East especially Iraq thus to an extent delegitimising military interventions over human security. No matter the controversy that had surrounded the invasion, Saddam Hussein had committed a variety of violations that defeated the notion of Human Security. When addressing Saddam’s regime there are a variety of clear violations under his reign within Iraq, it is correct that the dictator was seen as assembling the worlds ‘most dangerous weapons’ he had used such weapons before on villages such as Halabja, killing approximately 3000 civilians and permanently injuring and disfiguring an approximate 10,000 civilians. This was known as the ‘al-anfal campaign of 1988.’ Such issue can be applied to the violation of community security that falls under the human security principle. The fact is Saddam Hussein was notorious for violating aspects...

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