The history of Christianity throughout the world encompasses a significant number of differing theological interpretations. These theological differences gave way to many movements that are a part of the transcending history of the Christian Faith. A sector of these theologically driven movements is the Protestant reform. As a movement, Protestant Reform represents the protest of the traditionally widely practiced religion of the time which was Catholicism. There are four different movements that are a part of the Protestant reform. Each harbors its own identity in that they all seek to establish the church according to the New Testament. Lead by Martin Luther, the Lutheran ...view middle of the document...
Luther sums up what is meant by Christian freedom in two short propositions: A Christian is a perfectly free lord of all, subject to none. A Christian is a perfectly dutiful servant of all, subject to all (Steinmetz 1979).”
Luther wanted to explicate the word of God the beginning and the final authority for his theology. As a teacher of the Biblical Text, he place major importance on the Word of God both as law and Gospel. A connection that was lacking in the realm of traditional religion.
Luther wrestled with the overwhelming disparities in the practices of the Church in regards to the Gospel of the New Testament. In protest, he wrote he infamous 95 these which he posted on the door of the Catholic Church, an even that is considered among the most prolific of any religious reformation. The nailing of Martin Luther’s ninety-five thesis to the doors of the Catholic Church represent in grave distinction the intellectual capacity of Martin Luther in writing such a document as well as the shared views of the community surrounding the church. Not in a literal sense, however, in a sense of shared beliefs. Luther unintentionally explicated the sentiments of those a part of societal system that discourage such opinions. However, Luther, no matter how unintentional, would lead others to begin the journey of drastically changing the way people viewed the Christian faith.
Ulrich Zwingli, also a Christian educator, sought to expound on the connection of church to the Biblical based tenants of the New Testament. In stark comparison Zwingli movement was more intentional and made Luther’s idea become conscious elements of the reformation he led in Switzerland. His major plight was to study scripture as a source of Christian faith. “For Zwingli the Word of God revealed itself especially in his time.” Unlike Martin Luther who toiled and tormented over the Word of God as if to un crack a sacred code connecting it to salvation. Zwingli felt that the Word of God would reveal itself and those things that were not present in the Word of God but simply a part of societal legislation should be reveal and dismantled.
Zwingli opposed greatly abstinence and fasting. Two topics in which he publically wrote to the Pope to discontinue practices of priest that confided them to a life of abstinence and denying them marriage. The pope’s denial was the event that caused his break with the Church in Rome. He noted that neither as Biblical based and as such should not be permissive. This lead to ongoing public debated between Zwingli and he Council of Government, a council that dictated the practice of religion. However, even after his break from the Catholic Church he continued to expound on his major plight which was to restore biblical faith and practice.
Although not as prevalent as the ideals of Luther, and later Calvin, this particular reformation is a part of a larger picture. This picture encompasses several unique components, such as Zwingli’s movement...