Protestantism Essay

1139 words - 5 pages

Protestantism originated in the 16th century Protestant Reformation. Protestant doctrine, also known in continental European traditions as Evangelical doctrine, is in opposition to that of Roman Catholicism. It typically holds that Scripture (rather than tradition or ecclesiastic interpretation of Scripture)[1] is the source of revealed truth.

Meaning and origin of the term
The word Protestant is derived from the Latin protestari [2][3] meaning publicly declare which refers to the letter of protestation by Lutheran princes against the decision of the Diet of Speyer in 1529, which reaffirmed the edict of the Diet of Worms in 1521, banning Luther's documents. Since that time, the term Protestantism has been used in many different senses, often as a general term merely to signify that they are not Roman Catholics.

While churches which historically emerged directly or indirectly from the Protestant Reformation generally constitute traditional Protestantism, in common usage the term is often used to refer to any Christian church other than the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Churches.[4] This usage is imprecise, however, as there are non-Roman Catholic and non-Eastern Orthodox churches which predate the Reformation (notably Oriental Orthodoxy). The Anglican tradition, although historically influenced by the Protestant Reformation in what is called the English Reformation, differs from many Reformation principles and understands itself to be a middle path—a via media—between Roman Catholic and Protestant doctrines. Other groups, such as the Mormons and Jehovah's Witnesses, reject traditional Protestantism as another deviation from Christianity, while perceiving themselves to be restorationists.

Fundamental principles
The three fundamental principles of traditional Protestantism are the following:

Supremacy of the Bible
The belief in the Bible as the sole infallible authority.
Justification by Faith Alone
The subjective principle of the Reformation is justification by faith alone, or, rather, by free grace through faith operative in good works. It has reference to the personal appropriation of the Christian salvation, and aims to give all glory to Christ, by declaring that the sinner is justified before God (i.e. is acquitted of guilt, and declared righteous) solely on the ground of the all-sufficient merits of Christ as apprehended by a living faith, in opposition to the theory — then prevalent, and substantially sanctioned by the Council of Trent — which makes faith and good works co-ordinate sources of justification, laying the chief stress upon works. Protestantism does not depreciate good works; but it denies their value as sources or conditions of justification, and insists on them as the necessary fruits of faith, and evidence of justification.[5]
Universal Priesthood of Believers
The universal priesthood of believers implies the right and duty of the Christian laity not only to read the Bible in the...

Find Another Essay On Protestantism

The Catholic Counter Reform Essay

525 words - 3 pages Timothy TocmacovMr. Grundfest - AP Euro - FRQ #23The Catholic Counter Reform In the 1500s a tremendous wave of religious reforms would lead to Protestantism. As Protestants grew in numbers in places such as England and Germany, The Catholic Church became anxious of being annihilated. In eagerness, the church set up counter reforms to suppress the spreading of so called pagan values. The Catholic Church defended their faith from Protestantism in

The Extent to Which England was a Protestant Country by 1547

976 words - 4 pages The Extent to Which England was a Protestant Country by 1547 In this essay, I shall be exploring the extent of how Protestant a country England was by 1547. The differences between Protestantism and Catholicism form a solid base in order to understand the situation in 1547 and decide which religion became more popular. Traditional Catholic beliefs rested on seven Sacraments: Baptism, Penance and Reconciliation, Last

The reign of Edward VI saw a definite hardening of religious policy. Do you agree?

2007 words - 8 pages popular amongst the gentry of the time. But outside London and East Anglia Protestantism was not a major force. In terms of religious hardening, it is unlikely that the surge of Protestantism had any particular long term impact outside these areas. It was only in these areas that violent iconoclasm took place. Elsewhere far more moderate reforms such as vernacular Bibles and services were introduced.The legislation of the Somerset era also did little

American Philosophy

664 words - 3 pages American Philosophy In all its forms, American philosophy emphasizes freedom and the supreme importance of the individual. Indeed, an examination of four major American writers shows these concepts in all four main schools of American thought-- Epicureanism, Transcendentalism, Pragmatism, and Protestantism. Epicureanism is the pursuit of pleasure in order to avoid pain. This philosophy is very American. One of the most famous

Fragmentation of the Protestant Church

853 words - 3 pages Fragmentation of the Protestant Church The major divisions of the Protestantism are Baptist, Presbyterians, Anglicans, Methodist, Lutheranism, Unitarianism, and Quakers ( Even the very first Protestant Reformers were unable to maintain a unity of faith or purpose. The divisions of Protestantism are just an example of the continued fragmentation of the churches. The tendency towards this divineness is a strength to

The Baroque Time

630 words - 3 pages The Reformation as well as the Renaissance caused a lot of trouble to the church along with the Catholic system at the 16th century. And when the artistic movement of the Renaissance and the Reformation turn into something we called “the Baroque”, the church had to do something in respond of the success of the Protestantism and the Reformation . Lawrence in his book Culture and Values A Survey of the Humanities, said that “ the

Evaluate the reaction of the Catholic Church to the Protestant Reformation

1078 words - 4 pages , it would not have had to worry about questions of abuses to the extent brought by the springing of knowledge in the Renaissance. Eventually the Church would come up with a few ideas to combat the newly labeled "Protestants"; but only after The Reformation was in progress.As the Church would finally come around to understanding the time for change was at hand, two programs appear to combat Protestantism and produce reform-the Inquisition and the

The Reform of the Roman Catholic Church in Europe

905 words - 4 pages Protestantism and the Protestant form of Christianity were established, and continued to gain momentum in the 1500’s mainly due to the overall discontent many Europeans had with the socio-economic and religious dealings of the Roman Catholic Church. This discontent eventually lead to the reform of the Roman Catholic Church in Europe, and religious beliefs and attitudes became divided between northern and southern Europe. This is a summary of

Analysis of Max Weber's Theory of Capitalism

949 words - 4 pages Analysis of Max Weber's Theory of Capitalism Max Weber’s original theory on the rise of Capitalism in Western Europe has been an often studied theory. In its relationship to Protestantism, specifically Calvinism, Weber’s theory has been in scholarly debate since it’s release in 1904. “The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism” puts forth not capitalism as an institute, but as the precursor to the historical origins of capitalism

To What Extent Was The Edwardian Reformation Protestant?

720 words - 3 pages Catholics and Protestants side. This makes accessing the Protestantism of the reformation difficult. Somerset focused on attacking the sacraments to keep the majority, while advancing Protestantism by stealth. This wary approach can be seen again under Somerset when introducing further protestant idea in his reform. As no definitive statement is issued on the Eucharist until it was safe to do so. However this decision amongst others introduced

30 Years War

662 words - 3 pages of the Holy Roman Empire. Hostilities broke out on May 23, 1913 when Protestant Bohemian noblemen threw two royal governors out a window of the Hradcany Palace in Prague. German and Spanish forces under the control of Tilly defeated the Boheminans in 1620 at White Mountain. Bohemia became Austrian territory and Ferdinand was crowned king. Once Ferdinand regained power he insisted that Protestantism be eliminated. This attitude aroused the

Similar Essays

Protestantism Essay

746 words - 3 pages The separation between the Catholic and Protestant faiths is one based upon ignorance. It breaks apart two very similar groups of people due to lack of knowledge or understanding towards another. To help break this strife, In this assignment, it was my responsibility to visit a Protestant Church, to experience their celebration of faith, and to gain a deeper understanding of our brothers in Christianity. Features of church) Walking into the

Protestantism Versus Catholicism Essay

751 words - 4 pages Protestantism versus Catholicism Catholicism was the religion in ancient Rome. In Rome, there was no separation of church and state like the United States. The Pope basically was in charge of the Roman people. Martin Luther was in the monastery, but he began to see some flaws in the Catholic Church. Martin Luther believed that certain things the Catholic Church were teaching were not morally correct. He then went to preach a different

How Catholicism Differs From Protestantism Essay

1379 words - 6 pages Protestants considers other religions to be true as long as they agree with the fact that Jesus died for our sins, that faith in him is essential, and the he will come again someday. The Catholic Church certainly appears to have more depth to it, but it can also be seen as overly strict. Even though Catholicism consists of about 1.2 billion members and Protestantism only consists of about 590 million, both religions are considered large in population

Daniel Defoe's Robinson Crusoe And The Virtues Of Protestantism

1639 words - 7 pages Robinson Crusoe and the Virtues of Protestantism Many people have pointed out that Robinson Crusoe's experiences on the island seem to be a reflection of the growth of civilization and society. Considering the prominent role that religion plays in the novel, it would be worthwhile to examine the progression of religious and political thought in Crusoe's "society." Through the experiences of one man, we can observe the progression of