Psycho Drama Essay

2535 words - 10 pages

Criticizing the individual unconscious theory of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung's collective unconsciousness replaced by various dynamics, J.L. Moreno chose to be a psychological explorer fathering a system known as Psychodrama. Legends say he was born in 1892 on a boat in the Black Sea and reared in Vienna. The basic personality theory, like Moreno's extroverted personality, is action oriented. In 1906, at the age of sixteen, Moreno published two papers called "Homo Juvenis" and "Das Kinderreich." (Landy, 1986 p. 29) The key concepts upon which he based his theory of personality are spontaneity, situation, tele, catharsis, and insight. The birthplace of psychodrama is said to have taken place by having children who played in parks of his city enact their thoughts and fantasies. By observing the creativity of the children accompanied by a medical degree, Moreno founded the Theater of Spontaneity where he began developing his psycho dramatic techniques. The perfecting of his techniques came about years later when he moved to the United States. In the late 1920's and early 1930's, Moreno formulated his theories of group interaction therapy. Places he developed he put the theories into practice were in public schools, reformatory schools for girls, and with prison inmates.Psycho Drama Explained Psychodrama as explained by J.L. Moreno is noting more than an extension of the initial clinical interview."The main difference between them is that instead of the patient being in a one-to-one relationship with the psychotherapist, he or she finds themselves removed from the privacy of a consulting room and placed in a position where he/she is given the opportunity to act out and thus experience various aspects of his problems in a larger-than-life dimension. In this process, the patient becomes the protagonist of the drama he creates and may, while under the direction of the psychotherapist (the producer), interact with other "actors." These "actors" play the roles of the "important others," people who in normal life make up the environment of the patient's own world and are a part of the particular problem he/she brings to the therapy session. When patient and audience exist, they are expected to interact with one another causing a mutual therapeutic benefit as a result of the interaction. (Greenberg, 1974, p.57) The collective goal of psychodrama is to accomplish in a unique setting the goal of individual therapy. The problem solving method is geared to assist each person participating in the session. When the patient is the protagonist, the actor serves as a figure in his own problem or another given by a member of the audience. Each member of the audience assists the patient in working out the issue by either active or passive participation. Experiencing catharsis and insight, the audience contributes to solving the problem through sharing and experiencing various aspects that may include personal situation.Targeted Goals The targeted goals of the group...

Find Another Essay On PsychoDrama

Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Sexually Abused Children

1316 words - 5 pages psychodrama. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, Vol. 55(2-3), pp. 51-53. Fitzgerald, M, Ford, J. & Lang, J. (2010). An algorithm for determining use of trauma-focused cognitive–behavioral therapy. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, Vol. 47(4), Dec, 2010. pp. 554-569

Mildred, J. (2009) Review of 'Helping abused and traumatized children: Integrating directive and nondirective approaches'. Child & Adolescent Social Work Journal, Vol. 26(3), pp. 275-278.

Oedipus the King and Oedipus Complex

919 words - 4 pages individuals that do not progress in the proper way into the genital phase, can still be playing out the psychodrama in various displaced, abnormal or exaggerated ways. Primal desires of course can be quickly repressed but even among the mentally sane they could always rise again in dreams and in literature. The most critical conflict that the child must successfully resolve from healthy personality and sexual development and

Dramatherapy in Sri Lanka

4410 words - 18 pages psychotherapy (Blair, 2002), who deal with the emotional aspect of a person. His theory of Magic IF is the core of much research connected with neurology and brain processes that attempts to see the connection between body and mind.The name that we cannot avoid when discussing dramatherapy is Jacob Levy Moreno who created psychodrama, sociodrama and sociometry (Johnson in Lewis & Johnson, 2000). Moreno, as a physician (1889), developed

Alcohol and Drinking - Treatments for Alcoholism

1931 words - 8 pages methods used by certain therapists and facilities. They include “aversive conditioning, hypnotherapy, group psychodrama, and most recently lysergide therapy” (Plaut, 69). Most of these treatments are not very common among people. “Aversion therapy relies on classical or modified conditioning procedures to produce a disagreeable association with alcohol. In one procedure the patient drinks an alcohol beverage in close timing with the intake of an

Reality and Illusion in Shakespeare's Hamlet - The Deception of Appearance

2172 words - 9 pages the play, as I have already pointed out (Lugo). The revenge plot of Hamlet is secondary to the psychodrama that forms the more significant and original intrigue of the play, and this psychodrama occurs in the mind of Hamlet. In public situations, when other characters are present (or at least, when Hamlet believes them to be present), his true motivation is obscured. All human beings have a natural tendency to hide some aspect of their inner life

Ted Hughes’s Pike versus Sylvia Plath’s Mirror

1861 words - 7 pages Hughes’s “Pike,” Plath’s “Mirror” Abstract: Sylvia Plath’s 1961 poem “Mirror” can be read as a rejoinder to Ted Hughes’s 1958 poem “Pike.” Plath shrinks her husband’s mythic grandeur to reveal a psychodrama of the self as a vanishing façade. Sylvia Plath’s 1961 poem "Mirror" builds up to the appearance of a terrible fish, an internalized counterpart of the watching consciousness under the dark pond of Ted Hughes's 1958 poem "Pike


1409 words - 6 pages psychodrama, and also lysergide therapy are just some the treatments used. These treatments can help some problem drinkers with their difficulties. Inpatient care or residential treatment is also used by a number of alcoholics. Inpatient care is one of the best treatments, since the personnel are recovered problem drinkers. Outpatient care, on the other hand, are alcoholism clinics which help problem drinkers using various treatment methods. The

Monsters within a Young Girl’s Mind

1708 words - 7 pages gender, race, class, revolution, and science-are now as recognizable to informed readers as its psychodrama.” From the creature’s birthplace to his death brought by fire, in the Northern Iceland; mimic the history of the French Revolution. The first letter Walton sent to Victor was addressed from St. Petersburg; understood to be the place that Napoleon decided upon for his fateful Russian campaign. In the “Atlas of European Novel 1800-1900,” Moretti

Beat Me Skeet Me: A Critical Analysis of "Secretary".

1736 words - 7 pages found in the film but not the story, is not to reinforce the secretary's low self-esteem, but to demonstrate that she finds within herself a power to endure. She approaches the act not as though it were a psychodrama but as though it was a contest of self-restraint. Her ability to suffer surpasses the lawyer's ability to enjoy the spectacle of suffering, her masochism exceeds his sadism, and with this realization they enter into a strange new

Discuss the relationship between sexuality and religion in the stories of Joseph Sheridan Le Fanu.

2733 words - 11 pages ' death by suicide - represents whatever Mr. Jenkins has tried to repress during his whole life (the id, his libido, etc.). But Dr. Hesselius' attempt to rationalize events remains highly problematic, for the very appearance of the monkey remains for all that an inexplicable mystery - and so does its weird intrusiveness as well as the whole paranoid structure of this psychodrama, a psychodrama which cannot, as far as I can see, be explained solely

South African Directors and a history of South African film

2025 words - 8 pages examined the status quo of the period and exposed internalised South Africans to ideology that did not attempt to vindicate apartheid.One of those filmmakers was Jans Rautenbach. With his film Jannie Totsiens (1970) Rautenbach created an "expressionistic psychodrama" that tried to offer new ways of looking at the system in power. Rautenbach's work showed, quite obviously, that he was not a supporter of the system. The constant interrogation he

Similar Essays

Meshes Of The Afternoon By Maya Deren

1640 words - 7 pages surreal caliber. Highly influenced by Sigmund Freud’s theory, Maya Deren directs her first psychodrama Meshes of the Afternoon with her husband, Alexander Hamid, which serves as a transition from prevailing wartime period to post-war film era. John David Rhodes quotes in his book “Meshes of the Afternoon”, “This film is a point of origin (that from which much later avant-garde film-making flows), a point of transition (the thing that connects he

Dramatherapy Essay

8743 words - 35 pages influence of the dramatic approach associated with Constantin Stanislavski1 (183-1938).Therapeutic theatre was founded upon the experience of catharsis but involving improvisation and play Psychodrama began in 1921 in Vienna and is based on this connection between spontaneity and catharsis. Jacob Levy Moreno (1889-1974) is viewed as the founder of psychodrama and the father of dramatherapy. Psychodrama is currently recognised as an important form of

Depression And Finding Help Essay

1393 words - 6 pages disordered behavior is nothing more than the use of these habits are situations where they have no useful value (Kist 84). Psychodrama really helps depressed people let their emotions out. Psychodrama is under the direction of a therapist and is a group of patients that act out their problems .The main goal of psychodrama therapy is to help depressed people better understand his or her reaction to other people and other situations that may affect

Adlerian Psychotherapy Essay

2537 words - 10 pages utilizing language that avoids moralizing by referring to behaviors as “useful” and “useless” as opposed to “good” and “bad”. Some of the more action-oriented techniques include creative and dramatic approaches to treatment such as role-play, the empty-chair, acting “As if”, and psychodrama. Other techniques include task setting, creating images, catching oneself, and the Push-Button Technique. Dramatic techniques such as Role-play, the Empty