United States government estimated 37,212 Palestinians lived in United States in 2010. The influxes of Palestinian immigrants often could attributed to events called “Intifadas.” The Arabic word “Intifada” translated, means a “shaking off” but can also translate to an “uprising.” Israel’s and the Palestinian authority’s animosity derives from the First Intifada. The current political standing of the state of Israel and the Palestinian authority runs off from the Second Intifada, which lasted from late 2000 to 2005. The Second Intifada left negative psychological effects on both Israelis and Palestinians lasting until this day. The increasing number of Palestinian immigrants makes it imperative to understand the psychological effects that wartime terror has on the Palestinian people.
Testing for Psychological Disorders of War Time Terror:
Lavi’s & Solomon’s (2005) study investigated how chronic exposure to terror affects Palestinian youth by means of posttraumatic symptoms, future orientation, and attitudes towards peace. A total of 545 participants partook in the study, 245 Palestinians living in the Palestine authority and 300 Palestinians living in Israel. The participants completed exposure questionnaire to assess their exposure to terror events. The participants completed the Children’s Post Traumatic Stress Reaction Index, used to find the intensity and number of posttraumatic symptoms experienced by the children and adolescents. The final two measures used include: The Trauma Symptoms Checklist for Children and the Child Future Orientation Scale. To assess the posttraumatic symptoms which might occur from experiencing chronic exposure to war-time terror, the researchers used The Trauma Symptoms Checklist for children. To gauge the participants’ attitudes towards the future of peace, the researchers also used The Child Future Orientation Scale.
The Elbedour et al., (2007) journal article evaluated the occurrence of post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, anxiety, and coping among 229 Palestinian adolescents living on the Gaza Strip. The researchers used several measures to evaluate the participants including: The post-traumatic stress disorder interview, The Beck Depression Inventory-II, The Beck Anxiety Inventory, and The Coping Response Inventory. The post-traumatic stress disorder interview assisted the researchers in evaluating whether a participants has symptoms of Posttraumatic stress disorder. The Beck Depression Inventory assessed, through self-ratings, the severity of depression in participants. The Beck Anxiety Inventory measured the severity of self-reported anxiety. Finally, the Coping Response Inventory measured for eight coping responses to stressful life events (Elbedour et al., 2007).
Canetti et al., (2010) study researched the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and major depression(MD) in the Palestinian individuals over 18 years old. The study further investigated into the possible triggers...