Wounds, fire, tanks, sweat, letters, distance, cold, training, effort; all these terms are the cause of all psychological aftermath in veterans. Most of the veterans who make it back home alive, come back with their psychological health dead, as well as some make it back alive with their psychological health better than ever. The amount of psychological damages for veterans are sometimes more the expected than the real, and sometimes financial benefits play a big role in finding out which exact soldiers really suffer from these post war effects.
Posttraumatic Growth and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder a study made in University of North Carolina demonstrated that the most common postwar psychological effect in veterans is called Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and that its antonym is called Posttraumatic Growth (PTG). PTSD is a negative effect to trauma and PTG is a positive one. This study proved that being at combat does not always come with negative aftermath, but sometimes even with positive ones. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder includes intense fear, nightmares, and terror about a certain distressing event seen or felt at war. Posttraumatic Growth on the other hand, involves positive looks towards life, optimism, closer relationships with family members and closer to religion (if involved) also. The causes behind both of these psychological effects are most of the time the same, being clearly exposed to cruel combat. Seeing other soldiers who trained with you catch on fire, or lose their arms and legs can be the most devastating image a soldier has ever seen, resulting in mental damage such as having PTSD. (Schmidt & Moran & Burker. 34-40).
This article states that the lessons learned at combat are taken negatively in those soldier who end up developing Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, while those soldiers who develop Posttraumatic Growth take the lessons positively. The point of knowing that Posttraumatic Growth exists according to this study is to see it as a cure to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. There are many virtual therapies which are especially designed to try and develop PTG in those veterans with PTSD. The authors of this article wanted their readers to realize that being at combat does not only have negative effects on soldiers, that there is also a positive affect that can be caused by it (Schmidt & Moran & Burker. Posttraumatic Growth and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.40-43).
A perfect example of veterans with psychological effects fame is the Vietnam veterans. An article written by Jeffrey Borgess called Psychological Effects of Military Service in Vietnam in Central Michigan University shows how a Meta-analysis, which is a big word for excessive research, can demonstrate that when Vietnam soldiers are mentioned, a huge amount of psychological post war effects are expected, but in reality its more the amount of expectations for these soldiers to be psychologically damaged than actual mental damage. According to Borgess...