Psychological Origins Of Frank Essay

1115 words - 4 pages

The Psychological Origins of Mary Shelley's Frankenstein When one thinks of a book such as Frankenstein, one thinks of it as purely a horror story and not much else. However, there is far more to the story than is first apparent. Shelley has effectively mixed the horror genre with some autobiographical elements.Mary Shelley was the daughter of William Godwin and Mary Wollstonecraft, two notable English thinkers. Wollstonecraft died days after Mary's birth leaving her in the care of William and a nanny named Louisa. Three years later, Louisa was fired for being in an illicit relationship with one of William's students. After William remarried, Mary was sent to Scotland to live with the David Baxter family.Meanwhile, William became friends with the young poet Percy Bysshe Shelley. When she was sixteen, Mary returned to London. Sometime later she and Shelley became lovers, despite the objections of Mary's parents and Shelley's wife Harriet. They eloped to Paris taking Mary's half-sister Jane with them. The trio then traveled to Switzerland, where Mary became pregnant and Jane and Percy became lovers.They soon returned to England to find themselves mired in scandal. Mary soon gave birth to a daughter, Clara, who died two weeks later.Mary threw Jane out of her home. Jane, who had changed her name to Claire and had begun to pursue Lord Byron, invited Percy and Mary to accompany her and Byron to Switzerland. There, the four spent the coldest summer of the century engaging in intense conversation, reading ghost stories, and other various activities. It was there in Switzerland on June 15 that Mary conceived of the idea of Frankenstein.Six months before writing Frankenstein, Mary had given birth a second time to a baby boy that she named William. She wrote her novel during her third pregnancy at the age of only nineteen. Her deepest subconscious fears about the death of her first daughter were unleashed. "What if my child is born deformed, a freak, a hideous thing? Will I wish it dead again (as Frankenstein wishes for his monster)? Could I kill it? Could it kill me (as I killed my mother)?" The return to London in September 1816 ushered in a series of disasters in Mary's life. Her half-sister committed suicide, which was soon followed by the suicide of Shelley's wife Harriet. Then in June of 1819, Mary's first son William died. She was now 21.Shelley legally married Mary Godwin shortly after Harriet's death, and their fourth child Percy was soon born afterward. On July 8, 1822, mary was confronted by another tragedy: While spending the summer in Italy, Shelley was drowned in a boating accident. He was a month short of thirty years of age.With this understanding of Shelley's life, we can further understand the psychological origins of the book.There are many different psychological interpretations of the book. Some consider Frankenstein to be a novel about a man who tries to have a baby without a woman. In contrast, others feel that this book expresses,...

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