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Psychological Disorders Essay

2809 words - 11 pages

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Analyzing Psychological Disorders Analyzing Psychological DisordersI am studying to become a psychologist. I am learning how to have a better understanding how people feel, what they think. Bi-Psychologists have researched mood disorders for years. I have found this interesting and would like to help people that who suffer from these disorders. I would like to speak about some of these disorders. Schizophrenia, anorexia nervosa, and anxiety are all psychological disorders that psychologists must deal with on a regular basis. Understanding these disorders is important for the health and well-being of patients. Schizophrenia means "the splitting of psychic functions." term was coined in the early years of the 20th century to describe what was assumed at that time to be the primary symptom of the disorder: the breakdown of integration among emotion, thought, and action. Schizophrenia is the disease that is most commonly associated with the concept of madness. The major difficulty in studying and treating schizophrenia is accurately defining it (Heinrichs, 2005; Krueger & Markon, 2006). Its symptoms are complex and diverse; they overlap greatly with those of other psychiatric disorders and frequently change during the progression of the disorder (PG 468).Schizophrenia Areas of the brain affected Significant Loss of Brain Gray Matter: Individuals with schizophrenia, including those who have never been treated, have a reduced volume of gray matter in the brain, especially in the temporal and frontal lobes. Recently neuroscientists have detected gray matter loss of up to 25% (in some areas). The damage started in the parietal, or outer, regions of the brain but spread to the rest of the brain over a five year period. Patients with the worst brain tissue loss also had the worst symptoms, which included hallucinations, delusions, bizarre and psychotic thoughts, hearing voices, and depression.There is no known one cause; they are beliefs I would like to explain. Schizophrenia tends to run in families, but no individual gene is responsible. It is more likely different combinations of genes might make people more vulnerable to the condition. However, having these genes does not necessarily mean you will develop schizophrenia. These are chemicals that carry messages between brain cells. There is a connection between neurotransmitters and schizophrenia because drugs that alter the levels of neurotransmitters in the brain are known to relieve some of the symptoms of schizophrenia. Research suggests schizophrenia may be caused by a change in the level of two neurotransmitters, dopamine and serotonin. Some studies indicate an imbalance between the two may be the basis of the problem. Others have found a change in the body's sensitivity to the neurotransmitters is part of the cause of schizophrenia (Article by; Alina Morrow, MS Psychology Medical, WriterOmniMedicalSearch.com 09/07/2010).There is a list of systems of schizophrenia I would like to...

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