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Emotional Effects Of Hospitalisation On The Older Person

1806 words - 7 pages

Social Contexts of Peoples LivesIntroductionThis assignment is related to a group presentation, the theme of which is; Societal Influences on the Health and Well-being of the Older Person. This piece of work will analyse the emotions faced by the elderly when they enter the care setting and how they cope with them. Key authors for consideration in this piece are; Canon (1927), Stroh (1971), Russell (1999) and Gatchel, Baum and Krantz (1989).The individuals referred to throughout this assignment were both clients encountered on the student's first clinical placement set on a care of the elderly ward in a local community hospital. The names and details of all individuals referred to in this assignment have been changed in order to maintain confidentiality in accordance with the standards laid down in section 5 of the Code of Professional Conduct (Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC), 2002). Where reference is made to 'the student' it refers to an action or interaction carried out by or involving myself.Main DiscussionIn order to begin discussing emotions it would be pertinent to first give a working definition to the term. Emotions are common phenomena which are experienced by everyone in some form or another, but due to their highly subjective nature we find it extremely difficult to reach a consensus as to what they are and how they occur.Emotion - various mental states and processes, made up of many bodily and mental changes, which can be either enjoyable or distressing (Zimbardo, McDermott, Jansz and Metaal, 1995).This definition was further supported by a model showing the sequence of emotion which was proposed by Cannon (1927) (Appendix 1), the rationale behind choosing this model was that it demonstrates the emotional experience and bodily reaction occurring alongside one another to form the whole emotion.As mentioned above this piece of work is based around two clients encountered by the student on his first clinical placement; both clients were females over the age of 65; Mrs Smith who was admitted to the ward for rehabilitation after a full hip arthroplasty, but who also had advanced rheumatoid arthritis and Mrs Jones who was admitted for rehabilitation with reduced mobility after a myocardial infarction. Both ladies had lived alone at home before admission to hospital and had some help with care needs from their families or social services. These two patients had been placed in the same bay on the ward so the student was able to spend plenty of time in their company in order to observe their behaviour and interactions and to talk to them and discover how they were feeling and coping. Although the two ladies were of similar age and had been admitted for similar reasons they were vastly different in their personalities and in the way they reacted and coped with their situation.The first point for discussion is the emotional effect hospitalisation had on the two clients and how this emotion then affected the clients in their day to day lives...

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