Every individual has a unique personality, which is known as the psychological makeup. This is known as the relatively stable, psychological structures that shape a person’s actions in a specific environment. (Gill, 1986)
Triplett (1898) shows that sport psychology began in the 1890s. The psychologist Norman Triplett who was a keen cyclist, asked the question that is, “why do cyclists sometimes rode faster when they raced in groups or pairs than when they rode alone?” (Weinberg & Gould, 2011, p. 8)
This led to the fishing line experiment, to prove his hypothesis that a task will be done quicker within a group. A group of young children were selected and asked to reel in a fishing line, firstly individually, then secondly with another child doing the same. It was concluded that the children reeled faster with the presence of another child. (Weinberg & Gould, 2011)
Coleman Griffith Was the first psychologist to dedicate a considerable portion of his career to sport psychology and now known as the father of America sport psychology. He became the director of the first Sports psychology laboratory, A.K.A “the athletic Research Laboratory” (Kroll & Lewis, 1970, p.1)
Personality is divided into 3 separate levels, psychological core, typical responses, and role related behaviour. The psychological core is the deepest and most basic level that represents the centre of your personality. This includes your interests, motives, values, your views on yourself and much more. The typical response is the way in which a person changes to the specific environment and how we react and respond to the world around us. This is only valid in consistent responses which can be labelled. Role related behaviour is how a person acts based on the social situation. How different situations call upon different roles of personalities to be presented, such as a parent who is stuck between the values and roles of being a teacher or a parent when her child is in the class, or team. (Weinberg & Gould, 2011)
Romans and the ancient Greeks show evidence that they believed in individual differences in behaviour and personality. It was believed that the early Greeks thought there were four body fluids, known as “Humors.”, which all meant different things that were relative to their proportion of humors. “Sanguine”, associated with blood, represented cheerful temperament; “choleric”, represented by yellow bile shows an irritable behaviour; “melancholic”, black bile, was said to be sad temperament. “Phlegmatic”, known as phlegm, represented an indifferent, apathetic behaviour. (Gill, 1986)
Trait theorists believe that personalities are made up of traits; Traits are Consistent attributes that are relatively stable which have a general causal effect on a person’s behaviour. (John R. Anderson, 1973). This type of theory believes in a consistent generalising of behaviour which occurs in a variety of different situations. For example someone who may be shy, will be shy in a variety of...