Psychology: Behavior And Mental Process Essay

1131 words - 5 pages

Psychology is the study of the behavior of individuals and their mental processes. (Gerrig page 2). I think the field of psychology is divided into several parts: Research, counseling, perspectives, goals, and careers. Research has played a vital role in the psychology. It has identified and helped us to understand how and why people feel, act, and think. Implementing the scientific method enables the results to be both reliable and valid. By employing this precise method, psychologists are able to collect data and make reasonable conclusions based upon the facts collected.
Counseling explores human thoughts and behaviors. Psychologists utilize theories to explain why these actions and thoughts occur. Aristotle, Plato, Wundt, and Freud are a few of the pioneers who established guidelines to predict how, why, and when these behaviors will occur again in the future. Utilizing various techniques such as behavior modification, biofeedback, reward/punishment, and conditioning help modify and improve behaviors to better the lives of the individuals. It is important to remember that psychology is the study of both normal and abnormal behavior.
As presented in Chapter 1 of Psychology and Life there are seven psychological perspectives utilized to define the causes and consequences of behavior: Psychodynamic, Behavioral, Humanistic, Cognitive, Biological, Evolutionary, and Sociocultural. The behavioral perspective states that for every action there is a reaction and consequence. If you study hard, then I will get good grades. The cognitive perspective is based upon more advanced metal developments such as perception, memory, language use, thinking, problem solving, and decision making. The use of these processes involves actions and consequences which utilize human thought. With the cognitive perspective an individual would be extremely determined to earn good grades because they feel they deserve them.
The psychodynamic approach explains personality in terms of conscious and unconscious forces. Childhood experiences shape personalities which are motivated from unconscious desires and beliefs. Humanistic perspective belief that all people are intrinsically good, have free will, and capable of choice. Each individual will strive to be the best of their potential.
The biological perspective attribute the causes of behavior to genetics or how damage to specific areas of the brain influence behavior and personality, nervous system, and endocrine system, (Gerrig pg 11). The evolutionary perspective is based upon Darwin’s theory of natural selection. Only the strongest of the species will adapt and survive. Finally, the sociocultural focuses on cross-cultural differences in the causes and consequences of behavior (Gerrig pg 12). Culture and society shape individuals. Individuals are the products of their society and culture.
Psychological ideas/principles/factors are present in day-to-day life. Each time a commercial is viewed on TV the viewer is being...

Find Another Essay On Psychology: Behavior and Mental Process

A Look at Communication at Hitachi Automotive Products - MGT 331: Organizational Behavior (provide example of successsful and unsuccessful communication using process model.)

956 words - 4 pages alongside the products, which HAP-LA had failed to comply with. XYZ was made aware of this and called for an immediate halt and recall of all products sold through the HAP-LA facility.Using the communications process model, as seen below, the preceding example can be broken down as follows: HAP-Japan qualifies as the source in this scenario since they provided the information to HAP-LA, the receiver. The communication channel, or pathway that the

Definition of Psychology Essay

1039 words - 4 pages concern of Psychology. He totally ignored mental processes. He said that what goes on in our mind eventually comes out as our behavior. But this is not true for all times so this was considered incomplete. Now a days the most comprehensive definition of Psychology is: "Psychology is the scientific study of mind and behavior, and its application to solve human problems" OR "Psychology is the schematic study

psychology

803 words - 3 pages Running head: FOUNDATION OF PSYCHOLOGY PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 1 Foundation of Psychology"Psychology is a science of behavior and mental performing that uses the quantitative and qualitative research studies to promote and test hypothesis and put forward theories and models that explain human behavior.( http://www.helium.com/item/-history of psychology)Identify the major schools of thought in psychology and examine their underlying assumptions

Foundations of Psychology

947 words - 4 pages Psychology PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 6 Running Header: FOUNDATIONS OF PSYCHOLOGYFoundations of PsychologySandra LattinUniversity of PhoenixAngela HampPSY/300Foundations of PsychologyThe general theory of psychology is a scientific study that all investigate of the human mind, body and over matter in several fields of psychology in order to understand and conduct observations on the mental process of the human mind and observable behavior. Psychology

Cognitive Psychology Definition Paper

892 words - 4 pages but most importantly paving the way for behaviorism.Behaviorism (behavioral psychology) is based on the theory that our behaviors derive from conditioning that can be in response to different interactions with the environment. What made this form of psychology the most dissatisfying was that it took the approach that behavior can be studied in an observable and systematic way without even taking into consideration one's mental state. Behaviorism

Why study psychology?

1038 words - 4 pages Why Study Psychology?Britannica Encyclopedia defines psychology as ?Scientific discipline that studies mental processes and behavior in humans and other animals.? It is one of the youngest sciences, since philosophers such as Socrates, Aristotle, and Plato have ?wondered about the mind and soul? for centuries (?Psychology?). They questioned the causes of mental illness, what motivates people, and what brings happiness. Part of psychology can

Foundations of Psychology

1147 words - 5 pages psychodynamic, behaviorism, psychoanalysis, cognitivism, and evolutionary. Each of the schools of thought are interested in how the human mind works, their methodology is sought out in different ways. Some psychologists study behavior while some study the internal struggles and some study the environment.Psychology studies the mind and looks at the scientific study of your mind and your mental state. Psychology also looks at the study of human

Cognitive Psychology Defined

1141 words - 5 pages Running head: COGNITVE PSYCHOLOGY DEFINED PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 1 COGNITVE PSYCHOLOGY DEFINED PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 3 Cognitive Psychology DefinedValerie RidleyPSY/360February 14, 2011Yelena GidenkoAbstractTo define cognitive psychology in terms of the everyday person, it is the study of behavior influenced by the mental process of the brain. The exploration of this topic starts with the psychologists which were the key milestones in the

Biological Psychology

2343 words - 9 pages Biological PAGE \* MERGEFORMAT 9 Running Header: BIOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGYBiological Psychology PaperSandra LattinUniversity of PhoenixBiological PsychologyBiological psychology, as defined by the New World Encyclopedia, "is the application of the principles of biology to the study of mental processes and behavior". In other words, it is the study of psychology in terms of bodily mechanisms.(New World Encyclopedia). Most processes associated with

what is psychology?

947 words - 4 pages In 1929, psychology was defined as the study of consciousness. From about 1930 to1970, the definition of psychology changed with dealing more with the scientific study of behavior. From about 1970 on, psychology was defined as the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. However, according to nowadays definition of psychology, it could be defined as the study of the behavior and human mind. Factors which influencing our behavior

Foundations of Psychology

1061 words - 4 pages Psychology is a science of behavior and mental processes. From the beginning, Aristotle has touched on every aspect of psychology but it was William Wundt who was known as the father of psychology. He established psychology as a field of scientific studies dependent from philosophy. When psychology was first founded, there were only a few foundations of psychology, Structuralism and Functionalism.In the late 1800's, psychology started out

Similar Essays

The Effect Of Music On Psychology And Behavior

2752 words - 11 pages The Effect of Music on Psychology and Behavior There have always been discussions of the effects music has on ones behavior, and how it’s related to Psychology. The truth has never really been verified among common knowledge, but it’s usually something that intrigues people. They say heavy metal and rap can make teenagers violent, sad and depressing music can make teenagers sad and depressed, and some say it’s best to listen to classical

Birth Of Social Psychology It Discusses The Process Of The Birth Of The Social Psychology And Its Links To Other Areas And Some Authors' Theories.

1986 words - 8 pages emerged in recent years in the 9th century, with the process of psychologizing of Sociology. As it can be seen, there is no consensus regarding the date and context in which social psychology was born. The non-Soviet social psychology has in common with the bourgeois sociology the tendency to justify the ideology of capitalism. But you can not reduce its Social Psychology bourgeois ideological function, it also deals with real problems, and

"Psychology And Religion" How Is Psychology Present In Religion? How Might Some Dangerous Behavior Be Linked With Religious Beliefs? Is Religion Useful Or Detrimental To Society?

1110 words - 4 pages I find religion to be a fascinating subject. I think that there are many psychological aspects to all religions. This research paper is about relationships between religion and psychology and some of religion's therefore-potential dangers.William James, former President of the American Psychological Association was interested in religious phenomena and attempted to understand religious phenomena experienced on the individual level. He wrote a

Of What Use Is Knowledge Of The Social Psychology Of Group Behavior To The Theory And Practice Of Contemporary Hrm? Illustrate With Examples.

2858 words - 11 pages characteristics like coherence and psychological solidarity which can be a great assetto organisations when management and group goals are in line. Thus, management process must take into account both formal and informal groups when dealing with almost any aspect of the organisation.Practical reasons for joining or forming a group may include economic, security or social reasons (Luthans, 2005), recently a study found that minority employees