Psychology Literature Review

1603 words - 6 pages

Critically evaluate the statement that it is inappropriate for psychologists to use standard personality tests to interpret and understand the Behaviour of Indigenous people such as Aboriginal Australians.Indigenous people such as Aboriginal Australians are a different culture and diverse population and compared to that of non-indigenous Australians (Altman, 2009). For these reasons, understanding and interpreting the behaviour of our Aboriginal Australians would be a benefit not only to non-indigenous Australians, but also indigenous people so both cultures can develop more cultural awareness and competence with one another (Ranzijn, McConnochie, Day, Nolan, Wharton, 2008). This is where it may be appropriate for psychologists to use standard personality tests for the purpose of understanding their behaviour. How appropriate a test is, is determined by the reliability and validity in measuring the intended variable (Hill, Pace, Robins, 2010). Within using any type of personality test, there is a cultural and gender component in assessing behaviour (Stansfield, Smith, 1949). This cultural component varies from one culture to the next, depending on the factors such as complexity, tightness, and individualism and collectivism in culture. The component of gender affects behaviour in such a way that each gender has appropriate and expected behaviours of them, within a culture. However, there is potential for conflicts to occur with such tests, such as cross-cultural misunderstandings, and miscommunication. An example of this is common gestures can bring different meanings across different cultures. This essay will further evaluate the use of standard personality tests (using the interview method to illustrate) as a form of reaching an understanding of how indigenous people such as Aboriginal Australians, behave.A standard personality test can be useful in interpretation and understanding of behaviour, which is determined by the reliability and validity (Reddock, Biderman, Nguyen, 2011). There are various methods for assessing the personality of an individual, including the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, and the NEO Personality Inventory (Fanny 2004). For the purpose of explaining reliability and validity, we use the interview method to illustrate. The reliability component refers to the consistency of results, as such that similar results be recorded when a same test is administered multiple times. Validity is whether it is measuring an intended variable. An interview used as a personality test, is reliable and valid given it yields consistent or similar results and actually measures the characteristics of one's behaviour or personality. A standard personality test is appropriate for the purpose of interpretation and understanding of the behaviour of Aboriginal Australians, provided it satisfies the requirements of reliability and validity for measuring the behaviours. However, a standard personality test can vary in forms, such as...

Find Another Essay On Psychology Literature Review

The Effects of Sport on Levels of Mindfulness and Experiences of Flow: A Comparison of Contact, Non-contact and Team, Non-team Activities

1688 words - 7 pages mindfulness on psychological health: A review of empirical studies. Clinical Psychology Review, 31, 1041-1056. Klinger, E., Barta, S. G., & Glas, R. A. (1981). Thought content and gap time in basketball. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 5, 109–114. Linehan, M. M. (1993). Cognitive-behavioral treatment of borderline personality disorder. New York: Guilford. Marks, D. R. (2008). The Buddha’s extra scoop: Neural correlates of mindfulness and

Personal Statement Essay

939 words - 4 pages discovered that School Psychology emphasizes assessment, I registered for a psychometrics course. For the required psychological literature review, I proposed an analysis of ADHD. I quickly deduced that there are several causes of inattention, including, but not limited to, depression, anxiety, learning disabilities, and emotional distractions. Ciphering through the potential suspects appeals to me. After all, it is another puzzle to solve, another

Wal Mart Competitive core competence

5614 words - 22 pages downloaded via Google Scholar or the library website:Baumeister, R.F. and Leary, M.R. (1997). Writing narrative literature reviews. Review of General Psychology. 1(3), pp. 311-320.Knopf, J.W. (2006). Doing a literature review. PS: Political Science & Politics. 39(1), pp. 127-132.Webster, J. and Watson, R.T. (2002). Analyzing the past to prepare for the future: Writing a literature review. Management Information Systems Quarterly. 26 (2), pp

THE CONTRASY

4431 words - 18 pages Essays : DramaArt Essays : Film & TV StudiesArt Essays : Film & TV Studies : Film HistoryArt Essays : Film & TV Studies : Film Review and AnalysisArt Essays : Film & TV Studies : Genre StudyArt Essays : Film & TV Studies : ActorsArt Essays : Film & TV Studies : DirectorsArt Essays : Music History & StudiesArt Essays : Music History & Studies : Performers & ComposersArt Essays : Performing ArtsArt Essays : Works of

Mental Health: A literature review

769 words - 3 pages I used community health and hospitalizations in two separate boxes that yielded 395 articles, I was able to find an article.I also searched using the keywords "hospital*" and in the second box *mentally ill, that search yielded 137 results; I utilized the advance search and the publication delimiter. I interchangeably used systematic review and meta-analysis and yielded five and zero results respectively.My final search I utilized the psychology

Work-Life Conflicts

1217 words - 5 pages ). Effects of the shorter workweek on selected satisfaction and performance measures. Journal of Applied Psychology, 59 (6), 717-721. Jafri S. M. Y., (1976). Career planning some thoughts. NIPA Public Administration Review, Vol.(3),.38-43 Khalid G.K., Malik A., and Khan S.N. (2008). Technological Change Based Human Resource Development Practices in Pakistan. NUML Journal of Management & Technology, Vol-2, No.2, Jun, 59- 68. Kodz, J., Lain, D

Corporate Social Responsibility

1437 words - 6 pages Consumers Respond to Corporate Social Initiatives. California Management Review. 47 (1), 9-24. Blackman, A. (2006). Graduating students’ responses to recruitment advertisements. Journal of Business Communication, 43 (4), 367-388. Cable, D. M, & Judge, T. A. (1994). Pay Preferences and Job Decisions: A Person-Organization Fit Perspective. Personnel Psychology, 47, 317-348. Carroll, A. B. (1991). The Pyramid of Corporate Social

Absurdist v. Realist Literature

1431 words - 6 pages numerous real life circumstances. In absurdist forms of literature, manipulation is portrayed through the domination of one character of increased power over another. Similarly, according to the British Journal of Developmental Psychology, bullying has been documented as a form of manipulation in modern society. Bullying is “the systematic abuse of power” over others. Bullying can be likened to the absurdist theme of dominion since “dominance is

Reporting The Findings from Research

790 words - 3 pages October 13, 2011, from: http://journals.aomonline.org/amj/editorials/miller.pdf Ramos-Álvarez, M., Moreno-Fernández, M., Valdés-Conroy, B., Catena, A. (2008). Criteria of the peer review process for publication of experimental and quasiexperimental research in Psychology: A guide for creating research papers. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 8(3), 751-764. Retrieved October 04, 2011, from SMC Learning Materials. Ryan, F

Personal Statement

1424 words - 6 pages . I was ultimately inspired by how the mere presence of others can change females’ body image and lead them to engage in behavior that is harmful. The focus of my current Master’s thesis stems from my fascination with the Black-White and SES achievement gaps in the American education system. Thus far, I have completed an extensive literature review on environmental effects during adolescent development on academic trajectories. Using material

Qualitative Research plan on homocide victims

729 words - 3 pages continuity and a sense of coherence. Park, C. L., & Folkman, S. (1997). Meaning in the context of stress and coping. Review of General Psychology, 1(2), 115-144. Patterson, J. M., & Garwick, A. W. (1994). Levels of meaning in family stress theory. Family Process, 33, 287-304. Thompson, S., & Jangian, A. (1988). Life schemes: A framework for understanding the search for meaning. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 7, 260-280

Similar Essays

Forensic Psychology Literature Review

1779 words - 7 pages , theorists, and psychologists that believed that Forensic Psychology had no standing to be linked to topics of law. This literature review will attempt to identify scholarly articles that trace the origins and the movement that led to Forensics Psychology becoming a specialty within the field of psychology. I will also attempt to explain What is Forensic Psychology as well as the part it plays within the legal system. In an article titled

What Is The Classification Of Psychology?

2428 words - 10 pages evidence that psychology is classified as a science. The purpose of this Literature Review on identifying the classification of psychology is to assess the current research sources on the following categories; support that psychology is a science, support that psychology is not a science, current problems within psychology, and lastly to identify gaps in the current research. The first category that will be discussed in the Literature Review

Scientific Research In Psychology Essay

1203 words - 5 pages research literature is used essentially in doing the advanced planning of the related field as the review contain the previous knowledge in this field. As stated in Howitt and Cramer (2005) ,literature is conducted depends a little on one’s straight point.A professional reearcher with a well established reputation will have much of the previous research and theory readily at their command a beginning student will have little or no knowledge.If

My Interest In Psychology Essay

1212 words - 5 pages performance of children with and without Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) on a computer anticipation task, and an investigation of the effect of Polychlorinated Biphenyls on ADHD-like behavior in laboratory rats. I have also assisted in literature reviews in the area of receptive language and Autism, as well as a review on sleep and genetics. In addition, I have been a participant recruiter for a research project on familial inheritance